Shatri, Śatṛ: 7 definitions



Shatri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śatṛ can be transliterated into English as Satr or Shatri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Śatṛ (शतृ).—Krt affix अत् (at) in the sense of 'the agent of the present time', applied to any root which takes the Parasmaipada personal affixes; cf. लटः शतृशानचावप्रथमासमानाधिकरणे (laṭaḥ śatṛśānacāvaprathamāsamānādhikaraṇe) P. III. 2.126,8. The words formed with this शतृ (śatṛ) (अत् (at)) affix are termed present participles in the declension of which, by virtue of the indicatory vowel ऋ () in शतृ (śatṛ), the augment नुम् (num) is inserted after the last vowel of the base, and the root receives such modifications as are caused by a Sarvadhatuka affix, the affix शतृ (śatṛ) being looked upon as a Sarvadhatuka affix on account of the indicatory letter श् (ś). The word ending in this affix शतृ (śatṛ) governs a noun forming its object, in the accusative case.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śatṛ (शतृ).—A technical term used by Pāṇini to denote the Kṛt affix अत् (at) used in forming present participles of the Parasmaipada.

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Satr (सत्र्).—1 Ā. To perform, to spread out; L. D. B.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satr (सत्र्).—[satra] r. 10th cl. (satrayate) 1. To act liberally. 2. To be connected. 3. To spread or extend.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satr (सत्र्).—i. 10, [Ātmanepada.] 1. To accomplish, or to extend. 2. To connect.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatri (शत्रि).—[masculine] [Name] of a man.

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Satṛ (सतृ).—cross over, pass through (l.&[feminine]), escape, be saved; also = [Causative] bring over, save. — Cf. avatīrṇa, uttīrṇa, nistīrṇa, vitīrṇa.

Satṛ is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and tṛ (तृ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatṛ (शतृ):—(in gram.) a technical term for the Kṛt affix at used in forming present participles of the Parasmai-pada.

2) Śatri (शत्रि):—m. Name of a man (having the. [patronymic] Āgniveśi), [Ṛg-veda v, 34, 9.]

3) Satr (सत्र्):—[class] 10. [Ātmanepada] satrayate and satrāpayate, to extend, [Dhātupāṭha xxxv, 52] (sambandhe, saṃtatau, [Vopadeva])

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śatri (शत्रि):—[Uṇādisūtra 4, 67.] m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes mit dem patron. Agniveśi [Ṛgveda 5, 34, 9.] Elephant nach [UJJVAL.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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