Shatkona, Ṣaṭkōṇa, Ṣaṭkoṇa, Shash-kona: 12 definitions


Shatkona means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṣaṭkōṇa and Ṣaṭkoṇa can be transliterated into English as Satkona or Shatkona, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Ṣaṭkoṇa (षट्कोण) refers to a “hexagram”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(The sacred seats located) in the south, north and centre are triangular, semicircular, and square (respectively). There is a hexagram [i.e., ṣaṭkoṇa] in the front part (of Kailāśa). Know the energies (to be as follows). The four, the letters A and the others, are in the middle of the sacred seat of the Earth. There are four in the triangle, four belong to the Half Moon, (and four are) in Kāmarūpa. The four seed-syllables of the sacred seats are below, above, to the left and the right”.

2) Ṣaṭkoṇa (षट्कोण) is the name of a sacred place classified as an Upadvāra, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The eight seats are the main group of eight groups [i.e., Ṣaṭkoṇa] of eight types of sacred sites. The figure sixty-four is a common ideal number as it is often configured into eight groups of eight.

Source: Sacred Texts: Hymns to the Goddess

Ṣaṭkoṇa (षट्कोण) [=ṣatkoṇa?] refers to “two superimposed triangles (making a star)”.—The Matsyasūkta, Tārārṇava, and Nīla Tantras deal with particulars or Tārā or Tāriṇī, one of the Mahāvidyā, whose bīja is Hrīm Strīm, Hūm (Kurccha), Phat. She is called Nīlasarasvatī, because She playfully gives the power of speech. She is called Tārā on account of her being deliverer or saviour (tārakatvāt). She gives both pleasure (sukha) and liberation (mokṣa). [...] There is also a Tantra (tārā-ṣatkoṇa) of two superimposed triangles, making a star.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (p)

Ṣaṭkoṇa (षट्कोण) refers to the “hexagon seat”, and is mentioned in the meditation on Garuḍa in the Pañcabhūtamaṇḍala, according to the second chapter of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā (Toxicology).—Accordingly, text text dictates that a Garuḍa-upāsaka, the aspirant, must meditate on Garuḍa of the following form—The Kāśyapasaṃhitā describes the different forms of Garuḍa in the five bhūta-maṇḍalas on which the aspirant has to meditate upon to cure the snake-bite victim from the poison which could have killed him. Garuḍa as the Vāyu element, the lord of air, is black in colour and is seated in a hexagon (ṣaṭkoṇa) with bindu.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Ṣaṭkoṇa (षट्कोण) refers to a “hexagonal shape”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while explaining the body circle (kāyacakra)]: “[...] He should push [the obstacle demons by means of the stakes] into the directions starting with the east inside the adamantine cage. The adamantine ground should be underneath. A net of arrows is [placed] above. Moreover, there are an adamantine fence, [an adamantine] canopy, and the dharmodayā (“origin of phenomenal existences”) inside. It is triangle, [the second one is] square, and [the third one is] pentagonal [in shape]. He should also visualize a hexagonal (ṣaṭkoṇa) one, [the fourth one]. He should arrange them all in sequence corresponding to the order of the four layers. [...]”.

Source: Elements of Newar Buddhist Art (EB)

Ṣaṭkoṇa (षट्कोण) refers to a “hexagonal double triangle” and corresponds to the Buddhist Evam (symbolizing the “non-dual unity”) (Cf. Ekāra).—The interlocking double triangles motif was actually known to the Buddhist as evam or evaṃkāra, signifying non-dual unity of the female principle e and the male principle vam, a syllabic letter in ancient Indian scripts which was visualized as an upright triangle. Although such a hexagonal double triangle is known to Hindus as Ṣaṭkoṇa, Buddhists preferred to call it evam. Buddhist texts often begins with the word evam as in the mantra like phrase evam mayā śrutam—“thus I have heard”. The representation of interlocking double triangles is based on the esoteric interpretation of this phrase.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṣaṭkōṇa (षट्कोण).—m A sexangle. a Sexangular.

--- OR ---

ṣaṭkōṇa (षट्कोण).—m ṣaṭūkōṇākṛti f Hexagon.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṣaṭkoṇa (षट्कोण).—a.

-ṣaṭkoṇa hexangular. (-ṇam) 1 a hexagon.

Ṣaṭkoṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṣaṣ and koṇa (कोण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaṭkoṇa (षट्कोण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. A hexagon, a six-angled figure. 2. The thunderbolt of Indra. E. ṣaṣ six, koṇa a corner.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣaṭkoṇa (षट्कोण):—[=ṣaṭ-koṇa] [from ṣaṭ > ṣaṣ] mfn. six-angled

2) [v.s. ...] n. a six-angled figure, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad; Pañcarātra]

3) [v.s. ...] the thunderbolt of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a diamond, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] the sixth astrological house, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaṭkoṇa (षट्कोण):—[ṣa-ṭkoṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. The thunderbolt of Indra; a hexagon.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shatkona in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shatkona in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Ṣaṭkoṇa (षट्कोण):—n. a hexagon;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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