Shayanasana, Shayana-asana, Śayanāsana: 4 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shayanasana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śayanāsana can be transliterated into English as Sayanasana or Shayanasana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shayanasana in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Śayanāsana (शयनासन, “relaxing stand”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of posture (āsana) used in Yoga. It is composed of the words śayana (resting) and āsana (posture).

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Śayanāsana (शयनासन) refers to the “pose dependent on the reclining pose”, and represents one of the five types of “body poses” (āsana), according to Ganapati Sthapati in his text Ciṟpa Cennūl, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The pose with one leg hanging and the other leg folded on the seat (pīṭa-sthāna) of the icon is called āsana. The lying pose of the deity with legs and hands stretched on the seat (pīṭa-sthāna) is called śayana.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shayanasana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śayanāsana (शयनासन) refers to “bedding” and is mentioned among the “material benefits” granted by the Bodhisattva, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “bedding (śayanāsana) consist of beds (khaṭvā), coverlets (chādana), mattresses (mañcaka), curtains (vitāna) and pillows (upadhāna)”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shayanasana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śayanāsana (शयनासन):—[from śayana > śaya] n. sleeping and sitting (See [compound])

2) [v.s. ...] ‘sleeping or resting place’, a dwelling, cell, [Buddhist literature]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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