Sayin, Sayi, Śayi, Śāyī, Ṣāyi, Sāyin, Śāyin, Shayi, Shayin: 19 definitions


Sayin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śayi and Śāyī and Ṣāyi and Śāyin can be transliterated into English as Sayi or Shayi or Sayin or Shayin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śāyin (शायिन्) refers to “that which is bent”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the two horns of the moon should appear but slightly raised and far from each other presenting the appearance of a boat, she brings trouble on the sailors but prosperity on mankind at large. [...] If, when the northern horn is a little higher than the other and bent aside [i.e., pārśva-śāyin], the southern horn is straight like a carriage pole, pilgrim parties will suffer and there will be no rain. If one of the horns should appear higher than the other and bent down at the end, cows will suffer”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Śāyin (शायिन्) refers to “one who is sleeping”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] [If] one wanders in the cremation-ground at night, with a skull in one’s hand and a Khaṭvāṅga, covered in ashes, that is called the cremation-ground observance. If one dances, sings, laughs and talks madly, with the body smeared in ashes and wearing rags, this is called the Gaṇavrata. One performs the Clod-of-Earth Observance by being engaged in recitation, feeding on alms, sleeping on the earth (loṣṭu-śāyin), with senses controlled, engaged in meditation and restraint. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śāyin (शायिन्) (or Śāyinī) refers to “one who resides somewhere”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] She who forsakes her husband and secretly violates her fidelity is born as a she-owl of cruel nature wasting its days in the hollow of a tree (koṭara-śāyinī). If she desires to beat her husband in retaliation, she becomes a tiger or a wild cat. She who ogles at another man becomes squint-eyed. She who partakes of sweet dish denying the same to her husband becomes a pig in the village or a wild goat eating its own dung. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sayi : (aor. of sayati) slept; lay down. (aor. of seti), slept. || sāyi (aor. of sāyati), tasted.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāyin, (adj.) (fr. śī) lying Dh. 325. (Page 705)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Śāyī (शायी).—a S That sleeps. In comp. Ex. bhūśāyī, śēṣaśāyī, sukhaśāyī, uttānaśāyī, jalaśāyī, vṛkṣaśāyī, antarikṣaśāyī, ētacchāyī, tacchāyī.

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śāyī (शायी).—f Ink &c. See under śāī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Śāyī (शायी).—a That sleeps. In comp. Ex. śēṣaśāyī, jalasāyī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāyin (शायिन्).—a. Reclining, sleeping, resting &c.

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Sāyin (सायिन्).—m. A horseman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śayi (शयि).—(= Sanskrit śayyā, § 3.115), bed: mama śayi chora-yitvā Lalitavistara 230.18 (verse), having abandoned my bed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śayin (शयिन्).—adj. (to Sanskrit śete, śayate, °ti, plus -in), lying: śayanasyādṛśi chinna pāda caturo dharaṇītalesmiṃ chayī (acc. pl. m.) Lalitavistara 194.15 (verse), she saw the four feet of the bed cut off, lying on the floor; so Tibetan, sa yi steṅ na ñal ba mthoṅ, saw lying on the surface of the ground.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāyin (शायिन्).—mfn. (-yī-yinī-yi) Lying down. E. śī to sleep, ṇini aff.

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Sāyin (सायिन्).—m. (-yī) A horseman, a groom. E. sa for saha with, ay to go, ṇini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śayin (शयिन्).—[-śayin], i. e. śī + in, adj. Reposing, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 199, 7.

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Śāyin (शायिन्).—i. e. śī + in, adj., f. , Lying down, lying, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 188, 15; living, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 138, M.M.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāyin (शायिन्).—[adjective] lying, resting, sleeping (mostly —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śāyin (शायिन्):—[from śāya] mfn. lying down, reclining, resting, abiding, [Brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (mostly ifc.; cf. adhaḥ-, eka-ś etc.)

2) Sāyin (सायिन्):—m. ([probably] [wrong reading] for sādin) a horseman, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śāyin (शायिन्):—[(yī-yinī-yi) a.] Lying down.

2) Sāyin (सायिन्):—(yī) 5. m. A horseman, a groom.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śāyin (शायिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sayin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śāyi (ಶಾಯಿ):—[noun] a fluid or viscous substance used for writing or printing; ink.

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Sayi (ಸಯಿ):—[adjective] = ಸಯ್ [say]2.

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Sayi (ಸಯಿ):—[noun] = ಸಯ್ [say]3.

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Sāyi (ಸಾಯಿ):—[verb] = ಸಾಯು [sayu].

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Sāyi (ಸಾಯಿ):—[noun] a female helper, attendant.

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Sāyi (ಸಾಯಿ):—

1) [noun] a master; a lord; an employer.

2) [noun] a king; a ruler.

3) [noun] a man appointed to a position or office of authority in government, business, institution, etc.; an officer.

4) [noun] a man as he is related to his wife; a husband.

5) [noun] the Supreme Being.

6) [noun] a suffix added to the names of men as a mark of respect.

7) [noun] a respectful mode of addressing eleders, gods, officers, etc.

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Sāyi (ಸಾಯಿ):—[noun] the cream that forms on some liquids as milk, when boiled and cooled.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Ṣāyi (ஷாயி) noun < Urdu shiyāhī. Ink. See சாயி¹. [sayi¹.] (W.)

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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