Sayujya, Sāyujya, Sāyūjya: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sayujya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Sāyujya (सायुज्य):—Second of the four types of consciousness according to Śaiva tradition. Sāyujya is the stage where one merges with god. These four stages of consciousness eventually lead to kaivalya.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra (shaivism)

Sāyūjya (सायूज्य) refers to the fourth state of a devotee (bhakta).—These four states are explained in not only abstract, philosophical, but also concrete, relational, terms in the Śaiva Siddhānta tradition. Thus, in sālokya, the relationship of devotee to deity is servile (servant-master), in sāmīpya, filial (son-father), in sārūpya, fraternal (as between friends), and in sāyūjya, amorous (as between loyers). The first three prepare the devotee for the fourth.

The four classes of devotees or the states of spiritual life somewhat correspond to the four divisions of the Āgamas and the four modes of sādhana, spiritual practice, they entail. Thus, sālokya corresponds to carya, ritual and moral conduct, sāmīpya to kriyā, architectural and iconographic making, sārūpya to yoga, meditation, and sāyūjya ta jñānapada, theology and gnosis.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Sāyujya (सायुज्य).—The liberation of merging into the spiritual effulgence of the Lord.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Sāyūjya (सायूज्य) refers to the last of four kinds of devotees (bhakta), according to the Mānasāra LIX, 1-2. According to the Mānasāra LIX, 3-4, “Pure jñāna yoked together is sāyūjya, the possession of the supreme truth”. Sāyūjya is “consummate union with the divine”.

In the highest state of sāyūjya, there is omy pure gnosis. Yoga is extended iuto the realm of sāyūjya as well, where there is only non-duality. It is a contradiction in terms from a philosophico-theological point of view; any attempt to make some sense out of it must be in view of the context of this entire discussion and its intended audience: iconography of classes of devotees, and the guild of the sthapati.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Sāyujya (सायुज्य) refers to one of the five types of salvation, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.9. Accordingly, “[...] worshipping me in my supreme phallic form at this place and performing the other sacred rites shall accord the five types of salvation—Sālokya, Sāmīpya, Sārūpya, Sārṣṭi and Sāyujya. May all of you achieve all your cherished desires”.

2) Sāyujya (सायुज्य) refers to “complete identity” (similarity with Śiva), as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.18. Accordingly, “[...] on acquiring the omniscience and prosperity of Śiva, the devotee becomes resplendent in his soul. This is called Sāyujya (complete identity) by persons well-versed in the Vedas and Āgamas (traditional sacred texts). It is in this order that one gets salvation by the worship of the phallic image of Śiva. Hence the devotee shall worship Śiva by performing sacred rites etc. for the acquisition of Śiva’s favour. Śiva’s sacred rites, Śiva’s penance, and the Japas of Śiva mantras always”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāyujya (सायुज्य).—n S corruptly sāyujyatā f The fourth of the four states into which mukti is distinguished, viz. absorption into the essence of brahma. 2 Joinedness, union, mingledness, blendedness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāyujya (सायुज्य).—n Abosrption into the essence of brahma. Union.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāyujya (सायुज्य).—

1) Intimate union, identification, absorption, especially into a deity (one of the four states of Mukti); सायुज्यं सलोकतां जयति य एवमेतत् साम वेद (sāyujyaṃ salokatāṃ jayati ya evametat sāma veda) Bṛ. Up.1.3.22.

2) Similarity, likeness.

Derivable forms: sāyujyam (सायुज्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāyujya (सायुज्य).—n.

(-jyaṃ) 1. Likeness, similarity. 2. Identification, intimate union, (especially with the Deity, considered as one of the four grades of mukti.) E. sa with, yuj what joins, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāyujya (सायुज्य).—i. e. sa-yuj + ya, n. 1. Intimate union, identification. 2. Similarity, likeness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāyujya (सायुज्य).—[neuter] community, intimate union with or absorption into ([genetive], [locative], [instrumental], or —°). Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sayujya (सयुज्य):—[=sa-yujya] [from sa > sa-ya] mfn. ([from] [preceding]) closely united with, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) Sāyujya (सायुज्य):—n. ([from] sa-yuj) intimate union, communion with ([genitive case] [locative case] [instrumental case], or [compound])

3) identification, absorption (into the divine Essence; this is one of the four grades or states of Mukti cf. sālokya, [Religious Thought and Life in India 41]), [Kāṭhaka; Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) likeness, similarity, [Horace H. Wilson]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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