Savya, Shavya, Śavya: 11 definitions

Introduction

Savya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śavya can be transliterated into English as Savya or Shavya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Savya (सव्य).—A son of Aṅgiras, Savya is actually Indra himself. The story is that Aṅgiras began worshipping the Devatās for a son equal to Indra and that Indra, thinking that there should not be another person equal to him, got himself born as the son of Aṅgiras. That son is Savya. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Anuvāka 10, Sūkta 51).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Savya (सव्य).—A son of Agnisaṃsya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 13.

1b) A Saimhikeya asura.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 19.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Savya (सव्य).—Clockwise. Note: Savya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Savya (सव्य) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the 1st century Uvavāiya-sutta (sanksrit: Aupapātika-sūtra). Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (eg., the Savya tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

savya (सव्य).—a (S) Left, not right. 2 Reverse, contrary, backward. 3 Southern. 4 In popular misunderstanding. Right not left. 5 Used as s n The left hand; and, popularly, The right hand. savya ghālaṇēṃ To cast (leave) on the right (as in making pradakṣiṇā).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

savya (सव्य).—a Left. Popularly, Right. Reverse. Southern.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śavya (शव्य).—Funeral; अथ यदि चैवास्मिञ्छव्यं कुर्वन्ति (atha yadi caivāsmiñchavyaṃ kurvanti) Ch. Up. 4.15.5.

Derivable forms: śavyam (शव्यम्).

--- OR ---

Savya (सव्य).—a. [Uṇ4.19]

1) Left, left-hand; सव्ये प्राचीनआवीती निवीती कण्ठसज्जने (savye prācīnaāvītī nivītī kaṇṭhasajjane) Ms.2.63.

2) Southern.

3) Contrary, backward, reverse; प्रदक्षिणं च सव्यं च ग्राममध्ये च नाचरेत् (pradakṣiṇaṃ ca savyaṃ ca grāmamadhye ca nācaret) Mb.12.278.7.

4) Right.

5) Dry, not sprinkled with ghee (anabhighṛta); सव्यशब्दो रूक्षे भाष्यते । सव्या वपा इत्यनभिघृततां दर्शयति (savyaśabdo rūkṣe bhāṣyate | savyā vapā ityanabhighṛtatāṃ darśayati) ŚB. on MS.4.1.36.

-vyaḥ An epithet of Viṣṇu.

-vyam ind. The usual position of the sacred thread when it hangs down over the left shoulder; cf. अपसव्य (apasavya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savya (सव्य).—mfn.

(-vyaḥ-vyā-vyaṃ) 1. Left, left hand. 2. Right, right hand. 3. South, southern. 4. Reverse, contrary, backward. m.

(-vyaḥ) Vishnu. E. to send, yat Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savya (सव्य).—adj. 1. Left, left hand, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 86. 2. Southern, south. 3. Backward, reverse, contrary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śavya (शव्य):—[from śava] n. cremation of a corpse, funeral, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

2) Savya (सव्य):—mf(ā)n. ([according to] to [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 109] [from] √; perhaps for skavya cf. [Greek], [column]3) left, left hand (am, ena, ā e, and [in the beginning of a compound], ‘on the left’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) opposite to left, right, right hand (am, ena, and [in the beginning of a compound], ‘on the right’)

4) south, southern (am etc., ‘to the south’), [Sūryasiddhānta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) reverse, contrary, backward, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) m. the left arm or hand, [Ṛg-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Yājñavalkya]

7) the left foot, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa]

8) one of the ten ways in which an eclipse takes place, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

9) a fire lighted at a person’s death, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) (savya) Name of a man befriended by the Aśvins, [Ṛg-veda]

12) of an Aṅgirasa and author of [Ṛg-veda i, 51-57; Anukramaṇikā]

13) n. ([scilicet] yajñopavīta) the sacred thread worn over the left shoulder ([accusative] with √kṛ, ‘to put the sacred th° over the l° sh°’), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

14) [accord. to some for skavya, cf. [Greek] σκαιός ; [Latin] scaevus; [according to] to others for syavya cf. [Slavonic or Slavonian] šujī].

15) Sāvya (साव्य):—[from sāva] 1. sāvya m. (for a. See sub voce) in sahasra-s (q.v.)

16) 2. sāvya mfn. (for 1. See p. 1210, col. 3) composed by Savya, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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