Savya, Shavya, Śavya: 19 definitions


Savya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śavya can be transliterated into English as Savya or Shavya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Savya (सव्य).—A son of Aṅgiras, Savya is actually Indra himself. The story is that Aṅgiras began worshipping the Devatās for a son equal to Indra and that Indra, thinking that there should not be another person equal to him, got himself born as the son of Aṅgiras. That son is Savya. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Anuvāka 10, Sūkta 51).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Savya (सव्य).—A son of Agnisaṃsya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 13.

1b) A Saimhikeya asura.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 19.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Savya (सव्य) (or Savyagata, Savyagrāsa) refers to one of the ten types of (solar and lunar) eclipses (grāsa), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the eclipse should commence on the left side of the disc, it is technically known as Savya-gata: the earth will then be flooded with water and there will be joy and freedom from fear. If it should commence on the right side of the disc, it: is technically known as Apasavyagata: mankind will suffer from their rulers and from robbers”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Savya (सव्य).—Clockwise. Note: Savya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Savya (सव्य) refers to Indra, according to the Devīpañcaśatikā verse 2.74-79.—Accordingly: “One should draw the supreme goddess there. She is Śuṣkā and, auspicious, her face is emaciated. She has two arms and one face. She has no flesh and no blood (runs through her veins). (Made of just) tendons and bones, her body is thin and she likes (to eat) human entrails and the like constantly. She is seated on Rudra’s severed head and her feet are placed on two (others) . On the left is Viṣṇu’s head and on the right that of Indra [i.e., Savya] and her legs are bent. She is the first (of all the deities) and fills (and nourishes all things). [...]”.

2) Savya (सव्य) refers to “left” (as opposed to “right”, i.e., aspects of the Kaula Path), according to the Lalitāsahasranāma.—Lalitā’s thousand names are eulogized in the Lalitāsahasranāma, describing the goddess’s spiritual beauty on the analogy of physical, sensuous beauty. [...] She is the Kula Yoginī (95) and her very nature is Kula (kularūpiṇī) (897). She is the Mother of the Heroes, that is, Kaula initiates (vīramātā) (836) and delights in their company (vīragoṣṭhipriyā) (898). She is the presiding deity of the Kaula Path and is on both aspects of it, that is, the Right and the Left (savya-apasavya-mārgasthā) (912). So although the goddess is given these names they are sacred to the devotees who practice Vāmācāra also. In short, the Kula rites—sexual yet chaste—share in the same ambiguity as the goddess who presides over them.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Savya (सव्य) refers to the “right (arm)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “A red twilight, producing a sharp essence, an edge as bright as seven suns, A knife killing all enemies, a gleaming immortal striker held by the right arm (savya-doṣan [doṣṇā]). Held by the left arm (vāma-doṣan [doṣṇā]), the pure mind of a lotus, now a banner full of blood, A kālpā after the first, surrounded by a head, a half a head of loose hair”.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Savya (सव्य) refers to the “right (part)” (of the mouth) (as opposed to Avasavya—‘left’), according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, “[...] [Standing on] Bhairava and Kālarātri on fire on the sun [disk] on the pericarp [of the lotus], [Heruka] is dancing. [He should visualize Heruka] [...] always having [his] mouth open [and showing] large fangs from the right (savya) and left [parts of the mouth] [savyāvasavyataḥ sadā]. [Three faces looking to the south, west, and north are colored] yellow, red, and in sequence (viz., green), [respectively,] and the other [fourteen] faces are colored like a black bee [He should meditate on Heruka, who] *is greatly awful and laughs loudly and* is grinning and terrifying. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Savya (सव्य) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the 1st century Uvavāiya-sutta (sanksrit: Aupapātika-sūtra). Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (e.g., the Savya tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

savya (सव्य).—a (S) Left, not right. 2 Reverse, contrary, backward. 3 Southern. 4 In popular misunderstanding. Right not left. 5 Used as s n The left hand; and, popularly, The right hand. savya ghālaṇēṃ To cast (leave) on the right (as in making pradakṣiṇā).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

savya (सव्य).—a Left. Popularly, Right. Reverse. Southern.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śavya (शव्य).—Funeral; अथ यदि चैवास्मिञ्छव्यं कुर्वन्ति (atha yadi caivāsmiñchavyaṃ kurvanti) Ch. Up. 4.15.5.

Derivable forms: śavyam (शव्यम्).

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Savya (सव्य).—a. [Uṇ4.19]

1) Left, left-hand; सव्ये प्राचीनआवीती निवीती कण्ठसज्जने (savye prācīnaāvītī nivītī kaṇṭhasajjane) Manusmṛti 2.63.

2) Southern.

3) Contrary, backward, reverse; प्रदक्षिणं च सव्यं च ग्राममध्ये च नाचरेत् (pradakṣiṇaṃ ca savyaṃ ca grāmamadhye ca nācaret) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.278.7.

4) Right.

5) Dry, not sprinkled with ghee (anabhighṛta); सव्यशब्दो रूक्षे भाष्यते । सव्या वपा इत्यनभिघृततां दर्शयति (savyaśabdo rūkṣe bhāṣyate | savyā vapā ityanabhighṛtatāṃ darśayati) ŚB. on MS.4.1.36.

-vyaḥ An epithet of Viṣṇu.

-vyam ind. The usual position of the sacred thread when it hangs down over the left shoulder; cf. अपसव्य (apasavya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savya (सव्य).—mfn.

(-vyaḥ-vyā-vyaṃ) 1. Left, left hand. 2. Right, right hand. 3. South, southern. 4. Reverse, contrary, backward. m.

(-vyaḥ) Vishnu. E. to send, yat Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savya (सव्य).—adj. 1. Left, left hand, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 86. 2. Southern, south. 3. Backward, reverse, contrary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śavya (शव्य).—[neuter] funeral.

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Savya (सव्य).—[adjective] left (not right); °—, savyam, savyena, savyā & savye [adverb] from or on the left. [masculine] the left arm, hand, or foot; [neuter] the sacred thread (worn over the left shoulder).

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Savyā (सव्या).—A. roll up, envelop; veil in ([instrumental]), [Middle] refl. — Cf. u/pavīta, ni/vīta, pa/rivīta, saṃvīta.

Savyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and vyā (व्या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śavya (शव्य):—[from śava] n. cremation of a corpse, funeral, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

2) Savya (सव्य):—mf(ā)n. ([according to] to [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 109] [from] √; perhaps for skavya cf. [Greek], [column]3) left, left hand (am, ena, ā e, and [in the beginning of a compound], ‘on the left’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) opposite to left, right, right hand (am, ena, and [in the beginning of a compound], ‘on the right’)

4) south, southern (am etc., ‘to the south’), [Sūryasiddhānta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) reverse, contrary, backward, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) m. the left arm or hand, [Ṛg-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Yājñavalkya]

7) the left foot, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa]

8) one of the ten ways in which an eclipse takes place, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

9) a fire lighted at a person’s death, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) (savya) Name of a man befriended by the Aśvins, [Ṛg-veda]

12) of an Aṅgirasa and author of [Ṛg-veda i, 51-57; Anukramaṇikā]

13) n. ([scilicet] yajñopavīta) the sacred thread worn over the left shoulder ([accusative] with √kṛ, ‘to put the sacred th° over the l° sh°’), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

14) [accord. to some for skavya, cf. [Greek] σκαιός ; [Latin] scaevus; [according to] to others for syavya cf. [Slavonic or Slavonian] šujī].

15) Sāvya (साव्य):—[from sāva] 1. sāvya m. (for a. See sub voce) in sahasra-s (q.v.)

16) 2. sāvya mfn. (for 1. See p. 1210, col. 3) composed by Savya, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savya (सव्य):—[(vyaḥ-vyā-vyaṃ) a.] Left; left hand; southern; contrary. m. Vishnu.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Savya (सव्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Savva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Savya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Savya (ಸವ್ಯ):—

1) [adjective] left; leftward; that is on one’s lefthand side.

2) [adjective] in, of, to, toward or facing the south; south; southern.

3) [adjective] not favorable; not propitious; adverse, contrary, unfavourable or disadvantageous.

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Savya (ಸವ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the left-hand side.

2) [noun] the left portion of one’s body.

3) [noun] the direction opposite to north; south.

4) [noun] a turning oneself or one’s weapon in clockwise while fighting (which is permitted by the rules of fight).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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