Savya, aka: Shavya, Śavya; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Savya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śavya can be transliterated into English as Savya or Shavya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

Savya (सव्य).—A son of Aṅgiras, Savya is actually Indra himself. The story is that Aṅgiras began worshipping the Devatās for a son equal to Indra and that Indra, thinking that there should not be another person equal to him, got himself born as the son of Aṅgiras. That son is Savya. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Anuvāka 10, Sūkta 51).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Savya (सव्य).—A son of Agnisaṃsya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 13.

1b) A Saimhikeya asura.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 19.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Savya (सव्य).—Clockwise. Note: Savya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Savya (सव्य) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the Uvavāiya-sutta (sanksrit: Aupapātika-sūtra). Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (eg., the Savya tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

(Source): archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

savya (सव्य).—a (S) Left, not right. 2 Reverse, contrary, backward. 3 Southern. 4 In popular misunderstanding. Right not left. 5 Used as s n The left hand; and, popularly, The right hand. savya ghālaṇēṃ To cast (leave) on the right (as in making pradakṣiṇā).

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

savya (सव्य).—a Left. Popularly, Right. Reverse. Southern.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śavya (शव्य).—Funeral; अथ यदि चैवास्मिञ्छव्यं कुर्वन्ति (atha yadi caivāsmiñchavyaṃ kurvanti) Ch. Up. 4.15.5.

Derivable forms: śavyam (शव्यम्).

--- OR ---

Savya (सव्य).—a. [Uṇ4.19]

1) Left, left-hand; सव्ये प्राचीनआवीती निवीती कण्ठसज्जने (savye prācīnaāvītī nivītī kaṇṭhasajjane) Ms.2.63.

2) Southern.

3) Contrary, backward, reverse; प्रदक्षिणं च सव्यं च ग्राममध्ये च नाचरेत् (pradakṣiṇaṃ ca savyaṃ ca grāmamadhye ca nācaret) Mb.12.278.7.

4) Right.

5) Dry, not sprinkled with ghee (anabhighṛta); सव्यशब्दो रूक्षे भाष्यते । सव्या वपा इत्यनभिघृततां दर्शयति (savyaśabdo rūkṣe bhāṣyate | savyā vapā ityanabhighṛtatāṃ darśayati) ŚB. on MS.4.1.36.

-vyaḥ An epithet of Viṣṇu.

-vyam ind. The usual position of the sacred thread when it hangs down over the left shoulder; cf. अपसव्य (apasavya).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

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Savyāpasavya (सव्यापसव्य).—a. 1) left and right. 2) Wrong and right, Savyāpasavya is a Sanskrit...
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