Prabhadraka: 7 definitions


Prabhadraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Prabhadraka in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Prabhadraka (प्रभद्रक) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Prabhadraka) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prabhadraka in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Prabhadraka (प्रभद्रक).—A special division of the army of Pāñcālarāja. This division comprises of Kṣatriyas only. Dhṛṣṭadyumna and Śikhaṇḍī were its leaders. During the Kurukṣetra battle Śalya slew many of the Prabhadrakas. The rest of the Prabhadrakas were killed by Āśvatthāmā while they were sleeping. (Chapter 8, Sauptika Parva; Chapter 57. Udyoga Parva; Chapter 19, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 11, Śalya Parva).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Prabhadraka in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Prabhadraka in India is the name of a plant defined with Erythrina variegata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Tetradapa javanorum Osbeck (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)
· An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany (1836)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1825)
· Flora of the Presidency of Madras (1918)
· London Journal of Botany (1843)
· Natuur-Geneesk. Arch. Ned.-Indie (1846)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Prabhadraka, for example health benefits, side effects, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabhadraka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prabhadraka (प्रभद्रक).—a. Exceedingly handsome or beautiful.

-kam A kind of metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabhadraka (प्रभद्रक):—[=pra-bhadraka] [from pra-bhadra] mfn. exceedingly handsome or beautiful, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] n. a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

3) [v.s. ...] a combination of 4 Ślokas containing one sentence, [Kāvyādarśa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

[Sanskrit to German]

Prabhadraka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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