Patta, Paṭṭa: 14 definitions


Patta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Paṭṭa (पट्ट).—A plate or cloth or other substance to be presented with prescribed mantras as gift during an eclipse.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 67. 21.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Women in Early Śākta Tantras

Paṭṭa (पट्ट, “turban”) is commonly seen on yoginīs such as Kaumarī, according to Siddhayogeśvarīmata(29.34–40).—The word paṭṭa may also denote a kind of headband rather than a turban. It is a piece of cloth to tie the hair with, and can be applied in many different ways.

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context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Patta (पत्त) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Patta] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Paṭṭa.—abbreviation of Paṭṭakila (A.R. Ep., 1958-59, No. B 296). Note: paṭṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Paṭṭa.—(IE 8-4; CII 3, 4), a territorial term meaning a group of villages; cf. apara-paṭṭa (EI 22) ‘the western district’. (EI 7, 9, 11; SII 1; BL), a school or spiritual line; a pontificate; a pontifical seat; the dignity of the head of a Jain school; cf. reference to a Jain religious teacher as belonging to the paṭṭa of another teacher and the santāna of a third teacher; cf., e. g., ‘in the paṭṭa of Dharma-sūri’; also cf. ‘paṭṭa-avalī of the Kharatara gaccha’. Cf. rāja-paṭṭa, paṭṭa-bandha, paṭṭa-abhiṣeka, etc. (EI 18), a piece of land. (LL), a slab; cf. Prakrit paṭa (EI 20), a stone slab. Cf. yoni-paṭṭa; Gaurī-paṭṭa. (Chamba), also called paṭha; a grain measure, derived from Sanskrit prastha. [?] Same as paṭṭaka (q.v.); cf. Paṭṭa-lekhin, etc. (ASLV), an account book. (LP), abbreviation of Paṭṭadhara; probably one who has the charter for collecting government revenues; cf. Paṭṭakila. Cf. Paṭṭarājñī, Paṭṭanāyaka, etc. Note: paṭṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pāṭṭa.—same as or a mistake for paṭṭa, a district. See Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIV, p. 235. Note: pāṭṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

patta : (m.) an alms bowl. (nt.) a leaf; a feather; the wing of a bird. (pp. of pāpuṇāti) reached; attained; obtained. || paṭṭa (adj.) silken. (nt.) silk cloth; a bandage; a strip of cloth; a sheet; slab; plate; a strip.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Paṭṭa, (cp. late Sk. paṭṭa, doubtful etym. ) 1. slab, tablet, plate, in cpds. ayo° iron plate A. IV, 130, 131; J. IV, 7 (suvaṇṇa°); PvA. 43 (ayomaya°); loha° brass plate PvA. 44; silā° stone slab J. I, 59 etc. When written on, it is placed into a casket (mañjūsā) J. II, 36; IV, 335. ‹-› 2. a bandage, strip (of cloth) Vv 3341 (āyoga°)=VvA. 142.—3. fine cloth, woven silk, cotton cloth, turban (-cloth) Vin. II, 266 (dussa°=setavattha-paṭṭa &Bacute; dhgh, see Vin. Texts III, 341); S. II, 102 (id.) J. I, 62 (sumana° cloth with a jasmine pattern); VI, 191 (°sāṭaka), 370 (nāḷi°); KhA 51 (°bandhana); DA. I, 87 (āmilāka); DhA. I, 395 (°vattha); II, 42 (rajata°).—dupaṭṭa “double” cloth, see under dvi B II. (Page 402)

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1) Patta, 4 at Dpvs XI. 18 for pattin or pattika, foot-man, infantry. (Page 406)

2) Patta, 3 (pp. of pāpuṇāti) obtained, attained, got, reached (pass. & med.) Sn. 55, 138, 478, 517, 542, 992; Dh. 134 (nibbānaṃ) 423; J. I, 255 (vināsaṃ); IV, 139 (samuddaṃ); PvA. 4 (anayavyasanaṃ), 5 (sīsacchedaṃ), 71 (manussabhāvaṃ). Very frequent as —° and in meaning equal to finite verb or other phrase, when spelling °ppatta is restored (Sk. prāpta), e.g. ummādappatta out of mind PvA. 6; jara° old J. III, 394; dukkha° afflicted with pain J. VI, 336; domanassa° dejected J. II, 155; patti° attained one’s (possible) share It. 32; bala° (become) strong D. II, 157; vaya° (become) old, come of age J. II, 421 (+soḷasa-vassa-kāle); PvA. 68; somanassa° pleased J. III, 74; haritu° covered with green M. I, 343; J. I, 50, 399. Also as °-, but less frequent, meaning often equal to prep. “with, ” “after, ” etc., as pattâbhiseka after consecration DhA. IV, 84; SnA 484; pattuṇṇa with wool SnA 263; °dhamma mastering the Dh. Vin. I, 16; the same at DhA. IV, 200 in meaning of patti°, i.e. “merit attained”; °mānasa (?) It. 76 (v. l. satta°); °sambodhi It. 97 (v. l. satta°).—Opp. appatta not obtained (see also patti 2), i.e. without Dh. 272 (cp. DhA. III, 58); Pug. 51 (°pānabhojana, so read for appanna°).—Cp. sam (Page 406)

3) Patta, 2 (m. & nt.) (Ved. pātra, fr. Idg. *pōtlom=Lat. poculum beaker, Oir. ōl. See pāna & pibati) a bowl, esp. the alms-bowl of a bhikkhu Vin. I, 46, 50, 51, 61, 224 (patte pūresuṃ); II, 111, 126, 224, 269; S. I, 112; A. IV, 344; Sn. 413, 443; J. I, 52, 55 (pattaṃ thavikāya pakkhipati), 69; III, 535 (puṇṇa °ṃ deti to give a full bowl, i.e. plenty); V, 389 (pl. pattāni); Vism. 108 (āṇigaṇṭhik’āhato ayopatto); DhA. IV, 220 (°ṃ pūreti); PvA. 35, 61, 76, 88, 141.—Two kinds of bowls are mentioned at Vin. III, 243, viz. ayo° of iron & mattikā° of clay, dāru° a wooden bowl Vin. II, 112, 143. uda° a bowl of water or a water-bowl M. I, 100; S. V, 121; A. III, 230 sq. cp. odapattakinī.—pattassa mukhavaṭṭi J. V, 38.—fut. pātī (q. v.).

4) Patta, 1 (nt.) (Ved. patra, to *pet as in patati (q. v. & see also paṇṇa); cp. Gr. pterόn wing, ptέruc id.; Lat. penna feather=Ger. fittig.; acci-piter; Ohg. fedara=E. feather etc. ) 1. the wing of a bird, a feather Vin. IV, 259; D. I, 71. kukkuṭa° a hen’s quill (for sewing) Vin. II, 215.—2. a leaf M. I, 429; Sn. 44=64 (sañchinna°, see Nd2 625); 625 (pokkhara° lotus l.); Dh. 401 (id.); Nd1 135 (paduma°); Pv. II, 95 (=paṇṇa PvA. 15); VvA. 147 (tāla°); ThA. 71; PvA. 283 (nigrodha°). asi-patta-vana “sword-leaf-forest” (a forest in Niraya) Sn. 673; PvA. 221.—3. a small thin strip of metal at the lute Miln. 53; VvA. 281.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paṭṭa (पट्ट).—m S Woven silk: also fine or colored cloth.

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paṭṭā (पट्टा).—m ( H) A kind of sword. It is long, twoedged, and has a hilt protecting the whole fore arm. Applied also to a wooden sword for practice and sports. 2 A stripe, streak, line. 3 A slip or long piece of ground. 4 A strip (as of lace or cloth, of border or edging). 5 A cincture (of silver or gold) for the waist: also a zone, girdle, or belt more generally. 6 A deed of lease or tenure. paṭṭā ōḍhaṇēṃ-ghālaṇēṃ-pāḍaṇēṃ (To draw a stripe.) To draw the razor rudely along the head (in head-tonsure). Hence, generally, (kāmācā paṭṭā ōḍhaṇēṃ &c.) To perform rudely or roughly: also (i.e. to draw the lines indicative of commencement) to make a rude or rough beginning. paṭṭyācā hāta phiraviṇēṃ To brandish the paṭṭā. 2 fig. To use beguiling demonstrations; to make promises and flourishes idle and hollow. paṭṭā parajaṇēṃ To wave the paṭṭā; and fig. to brandish the arms in oratorical display or in animated speaking. paṭṭā māraṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ To despoil by violence.

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pattā (पत्ता).—m ( H) Trace, tidings, account of, intelligence regarding. v lāva, lāga. 2 Clew, guide, direction; a person's address; any hint or instruction where to find. 3 ( H Leaf.) A green tobacco-leaf.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paṭṭa (पट्ट).—m Woven silk.

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paṭṭā (पट्टा).—m A kind of sword. A stripe, streak, line. A slip or long piece of ground. A strip (as of lace or cloth, of border or edging). A cincture (of silver or gold) for the waist. A zone, girdle, or belt. A deed of lease or tenure. paṭṭā ōḍhaṇēṃ-ghālaṇēṃ pāḍaṇēṃ To draw the razor rudely along the head (in head-tonsure). kāmācā paṭṭā ōḍhaṇēṃ &c. To perform rudely or roughly; to make a rude or rough beginning. paṭṭayācā hāta phiraviṇēṃ To brandish the paṭṭā To use be guiling demonstrations. paṭṭā parajaṇa To wave the paṭṭā to brandish the arms in oratorical display or in animated speaking. paṭṭā māraṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ To despoil by violence.

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pattā (पत्ता).—m Trace, tidings. Clue, direction. A green tobacco-leaf.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṭṭa (पट्ट).—1 A slab, tablet (for writing upon), plate in general; शिलापट्टमधिशयाना (śilāpaṭṭamadhiśayānā) Ś.3; so भालपट्ट (bhālapaṭṭa) &c.

2) A royal grant or edict; पटे वा ताम्रपट्टे वा स्वमुद्रोपरिचिह्नितम् । अभिलेख्यात्मनो वंश्यानात्मानं च महीपतिः (paṭe vā tāmrapaṭṭe vā svamudroparicihnitam | abhilekhyātmano vaṃśyānātmānaṃ ca mahīpatiḥ) || Y.1.319.

3) A tiara, diadem; निर्वृत्तजाम्बूनदपट्टबन्धे न्यस्तं ललाटे तिलकं दधानः (nirvṛttajāmbūnadapaṭṭabandhe nyastaṃ lalāṭe tilakaṃ dadhānaḥ) R.18.44; पट्टः शुभदो राज्ञां मध्येऽष्टावङ्गुलानि विस्तीर्णः । सप्त नरेन्द्रमहिष्याः षड् युवराजस्य निर्दिष्टः ॥ चतुरङ्गुलविरुतारः पट्टः सेनापतेर्भवति मध्ये । द्वे च प्रसादपट्टः पञ्चैते कीर्तिताः पट्टाः (paṭṭaḥ śubhado rājñāṃ madhye'ṣṭāvaṅgulāni vistīrṇaḥ | sapta narendramahiṣyāḥ ṣaḍ yuvarājasya nirdiṣṭaḥ || caturaṅgulavirutāraḥ paṭṭaḥ senāpaterbhavati madhye | dve ca prasādapaṭṭaḥ pañcaite kīrtitāḥ paṭṭāḥ) || Bṛ. S.

4) A strip; निर्मोकपट्टाः फणिभिर्विमुक्ताः (nirmokapaṭṭāḥ phaṇibhirvimuktāḥ) R.16.17;

5) Silk; पट्टोपधानम् (paṭṭopadhānam); K.17; Bh.3.74; so पट्टांशुकम् (paṭṭāṃśukam).

6) Fine or coloured cloth, cloth in general.

7) An upper garment; गलितमिव भुवो विलोक्य रामं धरणिधरस्तनशुक्लचीनपट्टम् (galitamiva bhuvo vilokya rāmaṃ dharaṇidharastanaśuklacīnapaṭṭam) Bk.1.61.

8) A fillet or cloth worn round the head, turban; especially, a coloured silk turban; भारः परं पट्टकिरीटजुष्ट- मप्युत्तमाङ्गं न नमेन्मुकुन्दम् (bhāraḥ paraṃ paṭṭakirīṭajuṣṭa- mapyuttamāṅgaṃ na namenmukundam) Bhāg.2.3.21; त्रासार्ता ऋत्विजोऽ धश्चपलगणहृतोष्णीषपट्टाः पतन्ति (trāsārtā ṛtvijo' dhaścapalagaṇahṛtoṣṇīṣapaṭṭāḥ patanti) Ratn.1.4.

9) A throne.

1) A chair or stool.

11) A shield.

12) A grinding stone.

13) A place where four roads meet.

14) A city, town.

15) A bandage, ligature; बद्धेषु व्रणपट्टकेषु (baddheṣu vraṇapaṭṭakeṣu) Ve. 5.1.

-ṭṭī 1 An ornament for the forehead.

2) A horse's girth.

Derivable forms: paṭṭaḥ (पट्टः), paṭṭam (पट्टम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paṭṭa (पट्ट).—(once in Sanskrit, [Boehtlingk], and not found elsewhere; error for Sanskrit paṭṭana ?), city: Kāśī-paṭṭam, -paṭṭe Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.280.8, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭṭa (पट्ट).—m.

(-ṭṭaḥ) 1. Cloth. 2. Coloured cloth, wove silk. 4. A turban, &c. or cloth for that purpose. 5. A coloured silk turban. 6. A fillet bound round the head. 7. A bandage, a ligature, a cloth bound round a sore, &c. 8. An upper or outer garment. 9. A plant, commonly called Pat, (Corchorus,) from the fibres of the bark of which, (called jute) a coarse sack-cloth and cordage are prepared. 10. A stone for grinding with a mullar. 11. A plate of metal for inscription or engraving. 12. A royal grant or order written on copper, stone, &c. 13. A shield. 14. A place where four roads meet. 15. A chair, a stool. n.

(-ṭṭaṃ) A city, a town, a village, the Pettah probably of the south. f. (ṭṭā) 1. An ornament of the forehead. 2. Red Lodh. 3. A horse’s girth. E. paṭ to surround, kta aff. and ta changed to ṭa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭṭa (पट्ट).—probably for patra, m. 1. A table, a plate, for painting, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 9988. 2. A patent, a document, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 317. 3. A seat, a chair, Mahābhārata 2, 90. 4. A bandage, a ligature, [Suśruta] 1, 15, 3. 5. A stripe, Mahābhārata 13, 3456. 6. A frontlet, a diadem, a turban or cloth, etc., for that purpose, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 14, 33. 7. (cf. paṭa) Cloth, [Pañcatantra] 251, 16. 8. A proper name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṭṭa (पट्ट):—m. ([from] pattra?) a slab, tablet (for painting or writing upon), [Mahābhārata]

2) ([especially]) a copper plate for inscribing royal grants or orders (cf. tāmra-)

3) the flat or level surface of anything (cf. lalāṭa-, śilā-), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) a bandage, ligature, strip, fillet (of cloth, leather etc.), [Mahābhārata; Suśruta]

5) a frontlet, turban (5 kinds, viz. those of kings, queens, princes, generals, and the prasāda-paṭṭas, or turban of honour ; cf. [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xlix]), tiara, diadem, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī] (ifc. f(ā). )

6) cloth (= paṭa)

7) coloured or fine cloth, woven silk (= kauśeya), [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra] (cf. cīna-p, paṭṭāṃśuka etc.)

8) an upper or outer garment, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

9) a place where 4 roads meet (= catuṣ-patha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Corchorus Olitorius, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) = vidūṣaka, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

12) Name of sub voce men, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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