Patra, aka: Pātra; 16 Definition(s)


Patra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

The Danseuse, or Actress (pātra).—It is understood that the Danseuse (nartakī) should be very lovely, young, with full round breasts, self-confident, charming, agreeable, dexterous in handling the critical passages, skilled in steps and rhythms, quite at home on the stage, expert in posing hands and body, graceful in gesture, with wide-open eyes, able to follow song and instruments and rhythm, adorned with costly jewels, with a charming lotus-face, neither very stout nor very thin, nor very tall nor very short.

Disqualifications of a Danseuse.—The Danseuse (veśya) should be rejected, whose eyes are (pale) like a flower, whose hair is scanty, whose lips are thick, or breasts pendant, who is very stout or very thin, or very tall or very short, who is humpbacked, or has not a good voice.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Pātra (पात्र, “actor”).—Qualities of an actor (pātra);—Intelligence, strength, physical beauty, knowledge of time and tempo, appreciation of the psychological states (bhāva) and the sentiments (rasa), proper age, curiosity, acquisition of knowledge and arts, their retention, vocal music prompted by dance, suppression of stage-fright, and enthusiasm, will be the requisite qualities of an actor (pātra).

Source: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Pātra (पात्र, ‘bowl’) is a weapon (āyudha or bādhra) according to the Vāstusūtra Upaniṣad.

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Pātra (Bowl) - In the hands of a Rishi or the Buddha it symbolizes the begging bowl and the idea of generosity. In the hands of the wrathful deities it is a skull bowl filled with blood which symbolizes the achievement of higher states of consciousness through the elimination of the lower mind and notion of self.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Pātra (पात्र) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “copper vessel” and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature, such as the Rasaśāstra (Medicinal Alchemy).

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Patra (पत्र) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “cinnamon tree”, a species of aromatic tree from the Lauraceae (laurel) family of flowering plants. It is also known as Tējapattā in the Hindi language. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Cinnamommum tamala (synonyms: Cinnamomum albiflorum, Cinnamomum cassia) and is commonly known in English as “Indian bay leaf”, “Malabar leaf” or “Indian bark” among many others.

2) Pātra (पात्र, “container”) is the Sanskrit word for a synonym of Āḍhaka, which is a weight unit used throughout Āyurvedic literature. It equals about 2.56 kilograms.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Patra (पत्र) refers to the “leaves” of a tree or plant, as mentioned in a list of seven synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Patra] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Patra (पत्र).—(likhitam) written message sent by Rukmiṇī to Kṛṣṇa; text of the letter.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 36 [1 and 2]; 37-43.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

Pātra (पात्र, “circumstance”) refers to one of the six factors through which positive ethical precepts (regarding Dharma) are conditioned. The discerning student is required to distinguish between grades of vidhi or to compare their levels of authority or applicability. The primary distinction is derived from their motivation and goals, thus producing the concepts of puruṣārtha and kratvārtha.

Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis
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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Patra (पत्र, “leaf”).—One of the ten kinds of “plant-bodies” (vanaspati) a soul (jīva) can be reborn as due to karma. Patra and other plant-bodies are within the animal world (tiryag-gati) which is one of the four divisions of saṃsāra where souls are reborn.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Pātra indicated an officer of the ministerial rank.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

patra (पत्र).—n (S) A letter, note, epistle: also a written paper or deed. 2 A leaf. 3 A petal of a flower. 4 A leaf of a book. 5 Any thin sheet or plate of metal. 6 Applied sometimes to metal-foil. 7 patra in the general sense of Letter, writing, bill, deed, is assumed into composition with a multitude of words quite regardlessly of elegance or of purity; as ābarūpatra, kamajyāstapatra, karārapatra, kumaka- patra, gāhaṇapatra, jāmīnapatra, ṭharāvapatra, dākhalēpatra, pāha- ṇīpatra, bhalāvaṇapatra, mukhatyārapatra, lāvaṇīpatra, vakīla- patra, vasūlabākīpatra, vārīsapatra, śiphārīsapatra, śētavāra- patra &c. Of such only the best established or those demanding explanation appear in order. All however are fast acquiring classical repute, and others are daily rising into being. patradarśanīṃ At sight of the letter; immediately on receipt. patradvārā By means of a letter; through epistolary communication.

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patrā (पत्रा).—m (patra) A thin plate, leaf, or sheet (of metal &c.)

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pātra (पात्र).—n (S) A vessel in general; a plate, dish, basin, bowl, cup, jug, mug, jar. 2 A receptacle literally, as a socket, cup, stand, pedestal, base: also a recipient or subject figuratively (as of gifts, blessings, curses): a mine, an ocean, a fund &c. in figurative senses (as of virtues, excellencies, vices). 3 The channel or bed of a river. 4 S In the drama. A disguise, a part, an assumed character. 5 In comp. Worthy, deserving, fit, eligible, suitable, i. e. the proper vessel or recipient of, the object of. In this sense of OBJECT the following valuable words, as they will not, nor will any similar, occur in order, should be well studied. Ex. praśaṃsāpātra, nindāpātra, kṣamāpātra, dayāpātra, kṣōbhapātra, dānapātra, prītipātra, mōhapātra. pātra nācaviṇēṃ To make dishes dance; to live prodigally and riotously. pātrānta rākha kālaviṇēṃ (To mingle ashes with one's bread.) To mar or damage the livelihood or subsistence of. pātrāvarūna uṭhaviṇēṃ To deprive (a person) of his means of living. pātrīṃ basaṇēṃ To sit down to the dishes; to sit at meat. pātrēṃ pujaṇēṃ To offer but little food on the dishes. pātrēṃ vāḍhaṇēṃ To lay the dishes for a meal. Hence fig. To set in order and preparation for; to lay out the apparatus and make all ready.

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pātrā (पात्रा).—f (pātra S) A dancing girl; a courtesan or prostitute.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

patra (पत्र).—n A letter, note, epistle. A written paper or deed. A leaf. A petal of a flower. A leaf of a book. Any thin sheet or plate of metal. Appli- ed sometimes to metal-foil. In comp. generally Letter writing, bill, deed, as ābarupatra karārapatra &c.

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patrā (पत्रा).—m A thin plate, leaf, or sheet (of metal &c.).

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pātra (पात्र).—n A vessel. Dish. Bowl. A rece- ptacle. A recipient. The channel or bed of a river. A disguise, an assumed character. In comp. Worthy, deserv- ing. pātrānta rākha kālavaṇēṃ To mar or damage the livelihood or subsistence of. pātrāvarūna uṭhaviṇēṃ To deprive (a person) of his means of living. pātrīṃ basaṇēṃ To sit down to the dishes; to sit at meal. pātrēṃ pujaṇēṃ To offer but little food on the dishes. pātrēṃ vāḍhaṇēṃ To lay the dishes for a meal. Fig. To set in order and preparation for; to lay out the appa- ratus and make all ready.

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pātrā (पात्रा).—f pātra n A dancing girl; a courtesan or prostitute.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Patra (पत्र).—[pat-ṣṭran]

1) A leaf (of a tree); पत्रं पुष्पं फलं तोयं यो मे भक्त्या प्रयच्छति (patraṃ puṣpaṃ phalaṃ toyaṃ yo me bhaktyā prayacchati) Bg.9.26; धत्ते भरं कुसुमपत्रफलावलीनाम् (dhatte bharaṃ kusumapatraphalāvalīnām) Bv.1. 94.

2) The leaf of a flower, lotus &c.; नीलोत्पलपत्रधारया (nīlotpalapatradhārayā) Ś.1.18.

3) A leaf for writing upon, a paper, a leaf written upon; सुरवरतरुशाखा लेखनी पत्रमुर्वी (suravarataruśākhā lekhanī patramurvī) Mahimna 32. पत्रमारोप्य दीयताम् (patramāropya dīyatām) Ś.6. 'commit to writing', V.2.14.

4) A letter, document; विवादेऽन्विष्यते पत्रं पत्राभावे तु साक्षिणः (vivāde'nviṣyate patraṃ patrābhāve tu sākṣiṇaḥ) Pt.1.43.

5) A challenge; आत्मनः पूजाख्यात्यर्थं गुणोत्कर्ष- प्रतिपादको लेखो यद्विपक्षोपरि दीयते तत्पत्रम् (ātmanaḥ pūjākhyātyarthaṃ guṇotkarṣa- pratipādako lekho yadvipakṣopari dīyate tatpatram) N.7.93; विद्याधर (vidyādhara) com.

6) Any thin leaf or plate of metal, a goldleaf.

7) The wing of a bird, a pinion, feather of an arrow; यावद्वा मक्षिकायाः पत्रम् (yāvadvā makṣikāyāḥ patram) Bṛ. Up.3.3.2; R.2.31; सद्यः प्रवालोद्गमचारुपत्रे नीते समाप्तिं नवचूतबाणे (sadyaḥ pravālodgamacārupatre nīte samāptiṃ navacūtabāṇe) Ku.3.27.

8) A vehicle in general (car, horse, camel &c.); दिशः पपात पत्रेण वेगनिष्कम्पकेतुना (diśaḥ papāta patreṇa veganiṣkampaketunā) R.15.84; N.3.16; Mb.12. 67.25; Śi.12.2.

9) Painting the person (particularly the face) with musk, sandal-juice or other fragrant substances; रचय कुचयोः पत्रं चित्रं कुरुष्व कपोलयोः (racaya kucayoḥ patraṃ citraṃ kuruṣva kapolayoḥ) Gīt.12; R.13.55.

1) The blade of a sword, knife &c.

11) A knife, dagger.

Derivable forms: patram (पत्रम्).

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Pātra (पात्र).—[pāti rakṣatyādheyaṃ, pibatyanena vā pā-ṣṭran Tv.]

1) A drinking-vessel, cup, jar.

2) A vessel or pot in general; पात्रे निधायार्घ्यम् (pātre nidhāyārghyam) R.5.2,12; any sacrificial vessel or utensil.

3) A receptacle of any kind, recipient; दैन्यस्य पात्रतामेति (dainyasya pātratāmeti) Pt.2.11.

4) A reservoir.

5) A fit or worthy person, a person fit or worthy to receive gifts; वित्तस्य पात्रे व्ययः (vittasya pātre vyayaḥ) Bh.2.82; अदेशकाले यद् दानमपात्रेभ्यश्च दीयते (adeśakāle yad dānamapātrebhyaśca dīyate) Bg.17.22; Y.1.21; R.11.86.

6) An actor, a dramatis persona; तत् प्रतिपात्रमाधीयतां यत्नः (tat pratipātramādhīyatāṃ yatnaḥ) Ś.1; उच्यतां पात्रवर्गः (ucyatāṃ pātravargaḥ) V.1. dramatis personae.

7) A king's minister.

8) The channel or bed of a river. सुरस्रवन्त्या इव पात्रमागतम् (surasravantyā iva pātramāgatam) N.16.11;15.86.

9) Fitness, propriety.

1) An order, command.

11) A leaf.

-traḥ 1 A kind of measure (āḍhaka).

2) A preservative from sin.

-trī 1 A vessel, plate, dish; भुञ्जन्ते रुक्मपात्रीभिर्यत्राहं परिचारिका (bhuñjante rukmapātrībhiryatrāhaṃ paricārikā) Mb.3.3. 13;233.49.

2) A small furnace.

3) Name of Durgā.

Derivable forms: pātram (पात्रम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pātra (पात्र).—regularly nt., (1) with masc. forms, in Sanskrit meaning bowl: caturi pātrāṃ, acc. pl., LV 185.8 (verse); tenemi pātrāś (acc. pl.) caturaḥ…dadanti 385.7 (verse; in prec. line pātrāṇi); (2) = Sanskrit yāna-pātra, ship (compare Eng. vessel in same meaning; not recorded elsewhere), in siddha-pātra, with successful ship (after a voyage): Mv iii.287.8; 288.15; 298.17; v.l. each time siddha-yānapātra, which is read in text with both mss. iii.286.17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 387 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

1) Supatrā (सुपत्रा) is another name for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aristoloc...
Pañca-pātra.—(SITI), literally, ‘a vessel made of five [metals]’; offerings of food made to a d...
Tāmrapatra (ताम्रपत्र).—a copper-plate on which grants of land were frequently inscribed; पटे व...
Dānapatra (दानपत्र).—a deed of gifts. Derivable forms: dānapatram (दानपत्रम्).Dānapatra is a Sa...
Tamālapatra (तमालपत्र).—1) a sectarial mark upon the forehead. 2) a Tamāla leaf; R.6.64.Derivab...
Śuddhipatra (शुद्धिपत्र).—1) a list of errata or corrigenda. 2) a certificate of purification b...
Jayapatra (जयपत्र).—a record of victory. Derivable forms: jayapatram (जयपत्रम्).Jayapatra is a ...
Śatapatra (शतपत्र).—1) a peacock. 2) the (Indian) crane. 3) a wood-pecker. 4) a parrot or a spe...
1) Patravallī (पत्रवल्ली) is another name for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aris...
Satpatra (सत्पत्र).—the new leaf of a water-lily. Derivable forms: satpatram (सत्पत्रम्).Satpat...
Lekhapatra (लेखपत्र).—1) an epistle, a letter, writing in general. 2) a deed, documement (legal...
Śāsanapatra (शासनपत्र).—1) a plate (usually of copper) on which a grant of land &c. is inscribe...
Ājñāpatra (आज्ञापत्र).—an edict, written order. Derivable forms: ājñāpatram (आज्ञापत्रम्).Ājñāp...
Sādhanapatra (साधनपत्र).—a document used as evidence.Derivable forms: sādhanapatram (साधनपत्रम्...
Kupātra (कुपात्र).—an unfit recipient. Derivable forms: kupātram (कुपात्रम्).Kupātra is a Sansk...

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