Patu, Paṭu: 24 definitions


Patu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Paṭu (पटु) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Paṭu (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of bis body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a goat. A viṇā is held with both hands.

The illustrations (of, for example Paṭu) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Paṭu (पटु) is another name for Kāravallī, a medicinal plant identified with Momordica charantia (bitter melon or bitter gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.124-125 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Paṭu and Kāravallī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Paṭu (पटु) refers to “skilled”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Hasta will be thieves, dealers in elephants, charioteers, chief ministers, painters, merchants and dealers in pod-grains; learned in the Śāstras and of bright appearance. Those who are born on the lunar day of Citrā will be dealers in jewels, precious stones, fine cloths, writers and singers, manufacturers of perfumes, good mathematicians (gaṇita-paṭu), weavers, surgeons, oculists and dealers in Rājadhānya. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Paṭu (पटु) refers to the “keen (roar) (of drums)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225-226).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then follows the image of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, which matches the conception of Kālarātri in the passage from the Mahābhārata:] [...] she was adorned in garlands of bilva-leaves furnished with gleaming fruits and buds anointed with red sandalwood, that were like hanging garlands of infant-heads; she expressed cruelty with limbs worshipped with clusters of kadamba flowers ruddy with blood, which horripilated, it seemed, at the thrill of the flavour of the keen roar of drums (paṭaha-paṭu-raṭita-rasa) during the animal-offering; [...]”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Paṭu (पटु) refers to “intense” (power of the mind), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 39).—Accordingly, “[The knowledge of the retribution of actions (karmavipāka-jñānabala)].—[...] [Question].—This way of seeing in regard to action already ripened and action not yet ripened is acceptable. But how can the mind at death, which lasts only a short time, prevail over the power of actions (saṃskārabala) that extend over an entire lifetime? [Answer].—Although this mind may be very short, its power (bala) is intense (paṭu). It is like fire (agni) or poison (viṣa) that, although small, can accomplish great things. The mind at death is so determinate (niyata) and so strong (dhṛta) that it prevails over the power of action (saṃskārabala) extending over a century. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Paṭu (पटु) refers to the “sharpness” (of the five senses), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Also when there is duration of life, completeness of all the senses [com.paṭu-pañcendriyatva—‘the state in which the five senses are sharp’], a good mind [and] tranquillity of mind for embodied souls in the human state, that is unexpected. Then if the mind is devoid of any sense object [and] influenced by restraint and tranquillity by means of virtue still there is no ascertainment of reality”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Patu in India is the name of a plant defined with Carum carvi in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Carum carvi var. gracile (Lindley) H. Wolff (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Orientalis (1888)
· Illustrations of the Botany
· of the Himalayan Mountains (1835)
· Das Pflanzenreich (1927)
· Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Regii Berolinensis Altera (1821)
· Flora Taurico-Caucasica (1808)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Patu, for example chemical composition, side effects, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paṭu : (adj.) clever; skillfull; a clever person. || pātu (ind.) in front; visible; manifest.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Paṭu, (adj.) (cp. Epic. Sk. paṭu) sharp, pungent; fig. keen, wise, clever, skilful Vism. 337 (°saññākicca), 338. Cp. paddha1 & pāṭava. (Page 402)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paṭu (पटु).—a (S) Clever, able, skilful, dexterous. 2 Smart, sharp, apt, ready.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paṭu (पटु).—a Clever. skilful. Smart, sharp.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṭu (पटु).—a. (ṭu or ṭvī f.; compar. paṭīyas, superl. paṭiṣṭha)

1) Clever, skilful, dexterous, proficient; पाटीर तव पटीयान् कः परिपाटीमिमामुरीकर्तुम् (pāṭīra tava paṭīyān kaḥ paripāṭīmimāmurīkartum) Jagannātha; cf. also अघटितघटना- पटीयसी (aghaṭitaghaṭanā- paṭīyasī); (usually with a loc.) वाचि पटुः (vāci paṭuḥ) &c.

2) Sharp, acrid, pungent.

3) Sharp, smart (as intellect), intelligent.

4) Violent, strong, sharp, intense; अयमपि पटुर्धारासारो न बाणपरंपरा (ayamapi paṭurdhārāsāro na bāṇaparaṃparā) V.4.1; Uttararāmacarita 4.3.

5) Shrill, clear, sharp-sounding; किमिदं पटुपटहशङ्खमिश्रो नान्दीनादः (kimidaṃ paṭupaṭahaśaṅkhamiśro nāndīnādaḥ) Mu.6; पटुपटहध्वनिभिर्विनीतनिद्रः (paṭupaṭahadhvanibhirvinītanidraḥ) R.9.71,73; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.4.

6) Apt, disposed; स्मर्तुमधिगतगुणस्मरणाः पटवो न दोषमखिलं खलूत्तमा (smartumadhigataguṇasmaraṇāḥ paṭavo na doṣamakhilaṃ khalūttamā); Śi. 15.43.

7) Harsh, cruel, hard-hearted.

8) Sly, cunning, crafty, roguish.

9) Healthy, sound; मृदुसूर्याः सुनीहाराः पटुशीताः समाहिताः (mṛdusūryāḥ sunīhārāḥ paṭuśītāḥ samāhitāḥ) (śūnyāraṇyāḥ) Rām.3.16.12.

1) Active, busy.

11) Eloquent, talkative,

12) Blown, expanded.

13) Hard, rough, fierce.

14) Contumelious (as a speech).

-ṭuḥ, -ṭu n. A mushroom (chatrā).

-ṭu n. Salt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paṭu (पटु).—[ is sometimes written by error for Sanskrit paṭṭa, [Page316-b+ 71] especially in the sense of (honorary) fillet or turban; or even seemingly for Sanskrit paṭa, see s.v. paṭa 3, and Kāraṇḍavvūha below. In Lalitavistara 275.4 most mss. point to °paṭv-ābaddha, but it seems we must read with Lefm. vimukti-paṭṭābaddho, bound (decorated) with the honorary-turban of emancipation (Tibetan confusedly rnam par grol paḥi, = vimukti, thabs thob pa, according to Foucaux il a trouvé le moyen de…, but thabs might well indicate paṭu as the [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] reading); in Lalitavistara 367.9; 430.10 and 13 both edd. paṭṭa, some mss. in all, all mss. in 430.10 paṭu; in Kāraṇḍavvūha 84.20 text muktā- paṭu-dāma-kalāpa-pralambitāni, but read paṭṭa or else paṭa as in 87.5 muktāhāra-paṭa-dāma-kalāpa-pralam- bitāni.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭu (पटु).—mfn. (-ṭuḥ-ṭvī-ṭu) 1. Clever, dexterous, skilful. 2. Diligent. 3. Smart, sharp. 4. Hale, healthy. 5. Warm, hot. 6. Blown, expanded. 7. Cruel, ferocious, unmerciful, unfeeling. 8. Harsh, contumelious, (speech, &c.) 9. Fraudulent, crafty, a rogue or cheat. 10. Loquacious, talkative. m.

(-ṭuḥ) 1. A small kind of cucumber. (Trichosanthes diœca.) 2. The leaf of the Trichosanthes. n. (-ṭu) 1. Salt. 2. A mushroom. E. paṭa r. 10th cl. to speak, &c. Unadi aff. ḍu, and the radical vowel shortened. or paṭa-un .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭu (पटु).—[paṭ + u], I. adj., f. ṭu and ṭvī, comparat. paṭīyaṃs, superl. paṭiṣṭha. 1. Sharp, Śāntiś. 4, 16. 2. Hot, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 11, 44. 3. Clear (of sound), [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3554. 4. Violent, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3823. 5. Clever, dexterous, skilful, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 9, 46. Ii. m. pl. The name of a people, Mārk. P. 57, 54.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭu (पटु).—[adjective] sharp, pointed, pungent, acute, fierce; piercing (ray of light), clear, shrill (sound); violent, strong, intense; clever, skilful in, fit for ([locative] or —°); [neuter] [adverb]

— [masculine] [Name] of a man, [plural] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Paṭu (पटु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet, contemporary of Maṅkha. Śrīkaṇṭhacarita 25, 131.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṭu (पटु):—mf(u, or )n. (√paṭ?) sharp, pungent, acrid, harsh, shrill, keen, strong, intense, violent, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) smart, clever, skilful, crafty, cunning, [ib.]

3) great or strong in, fit for, able to

4) capable of ([locative case] or [compound]), [ib.]

5) saline (cf. tri-)

6) cruel, hard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) healthy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) eloquent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. vāk-)

9) clear, manifest, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) m. Trichosanthes Dioeca or its leaf, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Momordica Charantia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Nigella Indica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) a kind of perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) a species of camphor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Name of a man, [Pravara texts]

16) of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

17) ([plural]) of a people, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

18) of a caste, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

19) m. n. a mushroom, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) n. salt, pulverized s°, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) Pātu (पातु):—m. a protector, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) Name of Brahmā, ibidem

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭu (पटु):—[(ṭuḥ-ṭuḥ-ṭvī-ṭu) a.] Clever; diligent; sharp; hale; warm; blown; cruel; crafty. m. Sort of cucumber. n. Salt; a mushroom.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Paṭu (पटु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Patu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Paṭu (पटु):—(a) ingenious, skilled, dexterous; efficient; clever; hence ~[] (nf); ~[tva] (nm).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṭu (ಪಟು):—

1) [adjective] intense; ardent; violent.

2) [adjective] hot; blazing.

3) [adjective] having much power, strength; strong; powerful.

4) [adjective] deft and active; agile; dexterous.

5) [adjective] greater in amount, degree or number.

6) [adjective] skillful; adept.

7) [adjective] loud; noisy.

8) [adjective] physically strong; robust.

9) [adjective] subtly deceitful; cunning; sly; crafty.

10) [adjective] fond of talking; loquacious.

11) [adjective] having good health; healthy; sound.

12) [adjective] wounding the feelings; cutting; sarcastic.

13) [adjective] expanded; blown up; ಪಟುವಾಗು [patuvagu] paṭuvāgu to become skillful, adept.

14) [adjective] to be able to.

15) [adjective] to become more in number, quantity, etc.

16) [adjective] to become stronger or more robust.

17) [adjective] ಪಟು ಮಾಡು [patu madu] paṭu māḍu to kindle and rouse fire.

--- OR ---

Paṭu (ಪಟು):—

1) [noun] an able man.

2) [noun] a clever,intelligent man.

3) [noun] an agile man.

4) [noun] a man in good health.

5) [noun] that which is able, capable, effective.

6) [noun] that act of rousing, inciting or urging; incitement.

7) [noun] the quality or state of being greater in amount, degree or number.

8) [noun] strength, power or ability etc. that is required for accomplishing something.

9) [noun] scorching rays (as sunlight).

--- OR ---

Pāṭu (ಪಾಟು):—[noun] = ಪಾಡು [padu]3.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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