Patu, Paṭu: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Patu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Paṭu (पटु) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Paṭu (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of bis body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a goat. A viṇā is held with both hands.

The illustrations (of, for example Paṭu) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Paṭu (पटु) is another name for Kāravallī, a medicinal plant identified with Momordica charantia (bitter melon or bitter gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.124-125 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Paṭu and Kāravallī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paṭu : (adj.) clever; skillfull; a clever person. || pātu (ind.) in front; visible; manifest.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Paṭu, (adj.) (cp. Epic. Sk. paṭu) sharp, pungent; fig. keen, wise, clever, skilful Vism. 337 (°saññākicca), 338. Cp. paddha1 & pāṭava. (Page 402)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paṭu (पटु).—a (S) Clever, able, skilful, dexterous. 2 Smart, sharp, apt, ready.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paṭu (पटु).—a Clever. skilful. Smart, sharp.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṭu (पटु).—a. (ṭu or ṭvī f.; compar. paṭīyas, superl. paṭiṣṭha)

1) Clever, skilful, dexterous, proficient; पाटीर तव पटीयान् कः परिपाटीमिमामुरीकर्तुम् (pāṭīra tava paṭīyān kaḥ paripāṭīmimāmurīkartum) Jagannātha; cf. also अघटितघटना- पटीयसी (aghaṭitaghaṭanā- paṭīyasī); (usually with a loc.) वाचि पटुः (vāci paṭuḥ) &c.

2) Sharp, acrid, pungent.

3) Sharp, smart (as intellect), intelligent.

4) Violent, strong, sharp, intense; अयमपि पटुर्धारासारो न बाणपरंपरा (ayamapi paṭurdhārāsāro na bāṇaparaṃparā) V.4.1; U.4.3.

5) Shrill, clear, sharp-sounding; किमिदं पटुपटहशङ्खमिश्रो नान्दीनादः (kimidaṃ paṭupaṭahaśaṅkhamiśro nāndīnādaḥ) Mu.6; पटुपटहध्वनिभिर्विनीतनिद्रः (paṭupaṭahadhvanibhirvinītanidraḥ) R.9.71,73; Māl.5.4.

6) Apt, disposed; स्मर्तुमधिगतगुणस्मरणाः पटवो न दोषमखिलं खलूत्तमा (smartumadhigataguṇasmaraṇāḥ paṭavo na doṣamakhilaṃ khalūttamā); Śi. 15.43.

7) Harsh, cruel, hard-hearted.

8) Sly, cunning, crafty, roguish.

9) Healthy, sound; मृदुसूर्याः सुनीहाराः पटुशीताः समाहिताः (mṛdusūryāḥ sunīhārāḥ paṭuśītāḥ samāhitāḥ) (śūnyāraṇyāḥ) Rām.3.16.12.

1) Active, busy.

11) Eloquent, talkative,

12) Blown, expanded.

13) Hard, rough, fierce.

14) Contumelious (as a speech).

-ṭuḥ, -ṭu n. A mushroom (chatrā).

-ṭu n. Salt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paṭu (पटु).—[ is sometimes written by error for Sanskrit paṭṭa, [Page316-b+ 71] especially in the sense of (honorary) fillet or turban; or even seemingly for Sanskrit paṭa, see s.v. paṭa 3, and Kāraṇḍavvūha below. In Lalitavistara 275.4 most mss. point to °paṭv-ābaddha, but it seems we must read with Lefm. vimukti-paṭṭābaddho, bound (decorated) with the honorary-turban of emancipation (Tibetan confusedly rnam par grol paḥi, = vimukti, thabs thob pa, according to Foucaux il a trouvé le moyen de…, but thabs might well indicate paṭu as the [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] reading); in Lalitavistara 367.9; 430.10 and 13 both edd. paṭṭa, some mss. in all, all mss. in 430.10 paṭu; in Kāraṇḍavvūha 84.20 text muktā- paṭu-dāma-kalāpa-pralambitāni, but read paṭṭa or else paṭa as in 87.5 muktāhāra-paṭa-dāma-kalāpa-pralam- bitāni.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭu (पटु).—mfn. (-ṭuḥ-ṭvī-ṭu) 1. Clever, dexterous, skilful. 2. Diligent. 3. Smart, sharp. 4. Hale, healthy. 5. Warm, hot. 6. Blown, expanded. 7. Cruel, ferocious, unmerciful, unfeeling. 8. Harsh, contumelious, (speech, &c.) 9. Fraudulent, crafty, a rogue or cheat. 10. Loquacious, talkative. m.

(-ṭuḥ) 1. A small kind of cucumber. (Trichosanthes diœca.) 2. The leaf of the Trichosanthes. n. (-ṭu) 1. Salt. 2. A mushroom. E. paṭa r. 10th cl. to speak, &c. Unadi aff. ḍu, and the radical vowel shortened. or paṭa-un .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭu (पटु).—[paṭ + u], I. adj., f. ṭu and ṭvī, comparat. paṭīyaṃs, superl. paṭiṣṭha. 1. Sharp, Śāntiś. 4, 16. 2. Hot, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 11, 44. 3. Clear (of sound), [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3554. 4. Violent, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3823. 5. Clever, dexterous, skilful, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 9, 46. Ii. m. pl. The name of a people, Mārk. P. 57, 54.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭu (पटु).—[adjective] sharp, pointed, pungent, acute, fierce; piercing (ray of light), clear, shrill (sound); violent, strong, intense; clever, skilful in, fit for ([locative] or —°); [neuter] [adverb]

— [masculine] [Name] of a man, [plural] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Paṭu (पटु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet, contemporary of Maṅkha. Śrīkaṇṭhacarita 25, 131.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṭu (पटु):—mf(u, or )n. (√paṭ?) sharp, pungent, acrid, harsh, shrill, keen, strong, intense, violent, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) smart, clever, skilful, crafty, cunning, [ib.]

3) great or strong in, fit for, able to

4) capable of ([locative case] or [compound]), [ib.]

5) saline (cf. tri-)

6) cruel, hard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) healthy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) eloquent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. vāk-)

9) clear, manifest, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) m. Trichosanthes Dioeca or its leaf, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Momordica Charantia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Nigella Indica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) a kind of perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) a species of camphor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Name of a man, [Pravara texts]

16) of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

17) ([plural]) of a people, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

18) of a caste, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

19) m. n. a mushroom, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) n. salt, pulverized s°, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) Pātu (पातु):—m. a protector, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) Name of Brahmā, ibidem

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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