Mandakini, aka: Mandākinī; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mandakini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Mandākinī (मन्दाकिनी, “slow”).—Illustration of Mandākinī-śruti according to 15th century art:—The colour of her body is golden. She holds a vīṇā with both hands. The colour of her bodice is like wheat and the scarf is rosy with a crimson-coloured design; the lower garment is dark-red with yellow and green coloured dots, with a yellow-coloured border.

The illustrations (of, for example Mandākinī) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

(Source): archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Purana

Mandākinī (मन्दाकिनी).—Name of a river originating from Ṛkṣa, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Mandākinī (मन्दाकिनी).—A maid who fell in love with Bhartṛhari. (See under Bhartṛhari).

2) Mandākinī (मन्दाकिनी).—A river which flows near the mountain of Citrakūṭa. If one bathes in this river one will have to one’s credit the benefit of performing one Aśvamedha yajña. If one lives there bathing in that river daily, one will become possessed of Rājalakṣmī (wealth and majesty of a King). (Śloka 29, Chapter 25, Anuśāsana Parva).

3) Mandākinī (मन्दाकिनी).—A river celebrated in the Purāṇas, taking its source from the chain of Kedāra mountains in Uttarā khaṇḍa. It is also known as Mandāgni and Kālīgaṅgā. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 89, Verse 34).

4) Mandākinī (मन्दाकिनी).—Kubera’s park. Since this park is watered by Gaṅgā, it acquired the name Mandākinī. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 19, Verse 82).

5) Mandākinī (मन्दाकिनी).—Ākāśa Gaṅgā.

6) Mandākinī (मन्दाकिनी).—One of the two wives of Viśravas, son of Pulastya. A son, Kubera was born to her by the blessing of Śiva. (Padma Purāṇa, Pātāla Khaṇḍa).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Mandākinī (मन्दाकिनी).—A river in Bhāratavarṣa; Gangā in Devaloka;1 R. of the Kailāsa hill. Here Aila and Urvaśī lived for sometime.2 Other rivers in Kailāsa are Alakanandā and Nandā.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 18; X. 70. 44; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 99.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 3; III. 66. 6; Matsya-purāṇa 121. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 14-17; 91. 6.
  • 3) Ib. 41. 18; 47. 3.

1b) A R. sacred to the Pitṛs;1 rises from Ṛṣyavān;2 water for bathing a deity.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 23.
  • 2) Ib. 105. 10; 114. 25.
  • 3) Ib. 267. 20.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Itihasa (narrative history)

Mandākinī (मन्दाकिनी) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.55, VI.10.33). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mandākinī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Mandākinī is a name that usually signifies 'the river of the air or heaven' (the Ganges or a feeder of it before it reaches the plains?); but it is also the name of an actual river flowing, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa, from the Riksha mountain. (See Vāyu Purāṇa, p. 184 n. 70.)

(Source): Google Books: The Malavikagnimitra

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

One of the seven great lakes of the Himalaya. Their names are given at J.v.415; A.iv.101; SNA.ii.407; DA.i.164; UdA.300; AA.ii.759. At Vsm.416, the name Tiyaggala is substituted for Mandakini.

It is in the Chaddantavana and is fifty leagues in extent, of which twenty five leagues is of crystal water, free from moss or weeds. For the next twenty five leagues, the water is but waist deep and is covered with white lotus, spreading for half a league around the lake; beyond that are red lotus, red lilies, etc., rice fields, fruit trees, a grove of sugar cane - each cane being as big as a palm tree banana, jak, mango, rose apple, etc.

On the bank of the lake is a spot where Pacceka Buddhas generally live; but Anna Kondanna lived there for twelve years attended by Chaddanta, the elephant and Nagadatta, a devaputta. They ministered to all his needs, and he only left there to take leave of the Buddha before his death. He then returned to Mandakini, where he died and was cremated, his relics being later deposited at the gateway of Veluvana, where a cetiya was erected over them. SA.i.217ff.; but see ThagA.ii.3, where he is said to have lived on the bank of the Chaddantadaha; Mandakini may have been another name for the same lake.

The Mandakini Lake never grows hot and dries up only at the end of the kappa. SNA.ii.407.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

India history and geogprahy

Mandākinī (मन्दाकिनी) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa that remains unidentified.—The Naubandhana Māhātmya refers to four streams joining the Viśokā and the Mandākinī is one of them.

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

mandākinī : (f.) name of a great lake, and of a river.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Mandākinī, (f.) N. of one of the seven great lakes in the Himavant, enumd at A. IV, 101; J. V, 415; Vism. 416; SnA 407; DA. I, 164. (Halāyudha 3, 51 gives m. as a name for the Gaṅges.) (Page 523)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

mandākinī (मंदाकिनी).—f (S) mandākinīōgha m (Poetry. The current or stream of the celestial Ganges.) The Galaxy or milky way. Ex. nīḷa gaganāvarī sundara || mandākinīvōgha disē śubhra ||.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mandākinī (मंदाकिनी).—f mandākinīōgha m The milky way.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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