Dadhi: 28 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dadhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of the Seven Oceans.—Dadhi: the Tripatāka hands moved upwards and downwards (vyāvṛttacāpaveṣṭitau). Note: Representing the up and down motion of waves.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Dadhi (दधि) refers to “curd”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Poverty resides in curd and saktu at night (verse 754). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Dadhi (दधि) refers to “curd” representing one of the five Pañcagavya (five cow-products), as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the ceremonial ablution of the phallic emblem (liṅga) with Pañcagavya on Sundays is specially recommended. Pañcagavya is the compound of cow’s urine (gojala), dung (gomaya), milk (kṣīra), curd (dadhi) and ghee (ājya). Milk, curd and ghee can severally be used with honey and molasses. The offering of rice cooked in cow’s milk must be made with the syllable Om”.

2) Dadhi (दधि) or Dadhimaya refers to “curd”, representing the material of the liṅga of the Yakṣas, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, where the Devas and Viṣṇu requested Viśvakarman for liṅgas for the achievement of the desires of all people:—“[...] at our bidding Viśvakarmā made liṅgas and gave them to the devas according to their status. [...] the Goddesses (Devī) took the liṅgas of butter; the Yogins took liṅgas of the ash; the Yakṣas took liṅgas of curd (Dadhi-liṅga) and the deity Chāyā took a liṅga of beaten flour. [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. After giving the devas the various liṅgas from a desire for their benefit, Viṣṇu explained the mode of worship of Śiva to me, Brahmā”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Dadhi (दधि) refers to “curds”, as mentioned in verse 5.29-30 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Of sour digestion and taste, constipating, heavy, (and) warming (are) curds [viz., dadhi]; (they are) destructive of wind (and) generative of fat, sperm, strength, phlegm, hemorrhage, (gastric) fire, and cutaneous swellings. (As they are) appetizing, (they are) commended in anorexia, cold irregular fever, catarrh, and strangury; skimmed, however, in dysentery”.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Dadhi (दधि) refers to “curds”, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Curds was widely used in Vedic period. Ṛgveda mentions a preparation in which the curds were mixed with Soma juice and barley meal. [...] Caraka prohibits the use of curds in the autumn, the summer and the spring seasons. [...] Manusmṛti lays down that curds and its preparations alone could be eaten even if they had turned sour.

The Dadhi foodstuff is mutually incompatible (viruddhāhāra) with the following: meat of varāha (boar), śvāvidha, pṛṣata (deer) and kukkuṭa (hen); as well as kadali (plantain), according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala in the dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana, which contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises.

Dadhi or “curds” is classified as a ‘heavy foodstuff’ as opposed to takra (buttermilk).—Heavy food should [viz., dadhi] to be eaten only until one is half satisfied. Light food [viz., takra] can be eaten until the full satisfaction is obtained. A man whose digestive fire is weak, should abandon heavy food.

Dadhi or “curd” is classified into five types, (depending on their stages of fermentaion as well as taste):—

  1. manda,
  2. svādu,
  3. svādvamla,
  4. amla,
  5. atyamla.
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Dadhi (दधि) refers to “yoghurt” and represents one of the “five ambrosial ingredients” (Pañcāmṛta), used on special occasions for bathing śrī-guru or the deity), according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—Accordingly, while explaining mantras to sanctify the Pañcāmṛta Ingredients (pañcāmṛta-śodhana-mantras), for yoghurt (dadhi):—“oṃ dadhi krāvno akārṣaṃ jiṣṇor aśvasy vājinaḥ surabhino mukhokarot prāṇa āyuṃṣi tāriṣat”.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Dadhi (दधि) [=Dadhan?] refers to one of the items offered to the nine planets (navagraha), according to the grahaśānti (cf. grahayajña) section of the Yājñavalkyasmṛti (1.295-309), preceded by the section called vināyakakalpa (1.271-294), prescribing a rite to be offered to Vināyaka.—[verse 302-303: Faggots to be burned]—These two verses prescribe different faggots to be burned for grahas with offerings of honey, ghee, dadhi [i.e., dadhan], and milk. It is interesting to note that some of the faggots (i.e. parāśa, khadira, pippala, and śamī) mentioned here are also used in the Suśrutasaṃhitā in the context (Uttaratantra chapters 27-37) of curing the diseases caused by grahas, which, in this case, are not planetary. [verse 304-305: Cooked rice (odana) to be offered to grahas]

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Dadhi (दधि, ‘sour milk’) is repeatedly mentioned in the Rigveda and later. The Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa mentions in order Ghṛta (‘clarified butter’), Dadhi, Mastu, which Eggeling renders ‘whey’, and Āmikṣā, ‘curds’. Dadhi often has the meaning of ‘curds’ also. It was used for mixing with Soma.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Dadhi (दधि, “coagulated”) or Dadhisāgara refers to one of the “seven oceans” (sāgara) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 126). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., dadhi). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Dadhi (दधि) refers to “curd” and is one of the four products of milk (gorasa). Dairy farming was carried on in a big way in ancient India. There were large cow-sheds (gomaṇḍava or gomaṇḍapa) where the herds of cows, bulls and calves were kept. There was abundant supply of milk (dugdha or khira) and its four products (gorasa) viz. curd (dadhi), butter milk (udasi or maṭṭhā), butter (ṇavaṇiya or navanīta), clarified butter or ghee (ghṛta or ghaya). Milk and milk products were available in plenty at the dairy (dohaṇa-vāḍaga). The products were stored in ‘khira sālā’. Many articles of daily food were prepared with the help of milk and its products. People could get highly nutritious food because of the easy and large supply of the dairy products.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Dadhi (दधि, “curds”) refers to one of the ten classifications of food (āhāra), also known as vikṛtis, according to the 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.130) by Hemacandra. Dadhi may be from cow’s, buffalo’s, goat’s or sheep’s milk, but not from camel’s milk.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dadhi.—(IE 7-12), confused with udadhi and used to indi- cate ‘four’. Cf. a-dugdha-dadhi-grahaṇa (IE 8-5); curds which the villagers (probably, the milkmen) were obliged to supply to the king or landlord on occasions and to the touring officers. Note: dadhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dadhi : (nt.) curds.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dadhi, (nt.) (Sk. dadhi, redpl. formation fr. dhayati to suck. Cp. also dhenu cow, dhīta, etc.) sour milk, curds, junket Vin.I, 244 (in enumeration of 5—fold cow-produce, cp. gorasa); D.I, 201 (id.); M.I, 316; A.II, 95; J.II, 102; IV, 140; Miln.41, 48, 63; Dhs.646, 740, 875; Vism.264, 362.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dadhi (दधि).—n (S) Milk curdled, curds. 2 S Resin or turpentine.

--- OR ---

dāḍhī (दाढी).—f (dāḍhikā S) The beard. Pr. dāḍhīsa vēgaḷēṃ ḍōīsa vēgaḷēṃ (kōṇa dētō) Who can draw distinctions in matters scarcely differing? ghaḍī ghaḍī lāmba dāḍhī (-karaṇēṃ-māṇḍaṇēṃ) To be angry with ever and anon. (Because the practice of persons excited is to stroke and smooth out the beard.) dāḍhī karaṇēṃ To shave the beard. dāḍhī or dāḍhī hōṭī dharaṇēṃ To supplicate earnestly. dāḍhī dharūna ṭācā or pāya tuḍaviṇēṃ To cajole; to flatter and ruin; to destroy or injure under the mask of friendship. See 2 Sam. xx. 9, 10. dāḍhī pā- hūna vāḍhaṇēṃ To give according to the merits of each: also to treat persons according to our expectation from them. dāḍhīmiśīlā āga lāgalī (or ēkācī jaḷatī dāḍhī) āṇi malā divā lāvū dē Used in reproof of heartless selfishness. dāḍhīsa kāndē bāndhaṇēṃ To affix a stigma. dāḍhī hālaviṇēṃ g. of o. (To shake the beard of.) To threaten angrily.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dadhi (दधि).—n Milk curdled, curds; resin.

--- OR ---

dāḍhī (दाढी).—f The beard. dāḍhī karaṇēṃ Shave the beard. dāḍhī dharaṇēṃ Supplicate earnesty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dadhi (दधि).—n. [dadh-in]

1) Coagulated milk, thick sour milk; क्षीरं दधिभावेन परिणमते (kṣīraṃ dadhibhāvena pariṇamate) Ś.B; दध्योदनः (dadhyodanaḥ) &c.

2) Turpentine.

3) A garment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dadhi (दधि).—mfn. (-dhiḥ-dhiḥ-dhi) Holding, having, who or what has or possesses. n. (-dhi) 1. Milk curdled or coagulated spontaneously by heat, or by the addition of buttermilk; it is an article of food of general use, and is held in high estimation amongst the Hindus, and is considered, medicinally, as the remedy or preventative of most disorders. 2. Resin, turpentine; (all the synonyms are common to these two senses.) 3. A house, an abode. E. dhā to have, ki affix, and the root reiterated.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dadhi (दधि).—from a reduplicated form of dhe, n. (the base for many of the cases is dadhan), Curdled milk, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 107.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dadhi (दधि).—1. [adjective] giving, bestowing.

--- OR ---

Dadhi (दधि).—2. (dadhan) [neuter] sour milk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dadhi (दधि):—[from dadh] 1. dadhi mfn. (2, 171 [vArttika] 3) ‘giving’ [Ṛg-veda x, 46, 1]

2) [v.s. ...] preserving (with [accusative]), [Vopadeva]

3) [v.s. ...] n. a house, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [from dadh] 2. dadhi n. (replaced in the weakest forms by dhan [Pāṇini 7-1, 75] : [instrumental case] etc. dhnā dhne, dhnas; [locative case] dhani, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra i, 24, 5 and; Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad i, 5, or] dhni, ifc. [Suśruta vi, 40, 150]) coagulated milk, thick sour milk (regarded as a remedy; differing from curds in not having the whey separated from it), [Ṛg-veda] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] turpentine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the resin of Shorea robusta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dadhi (दधि):—(dhi) 2. n. Curdled milk; resin; a house. a. Holding.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dadhi (दधि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dahi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dadhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ḍāḍhī (डाढी):—(nf) a beard, growth of hair on the face; ~[jāra] lit. one whose beard is burnt—a term of abuse generally used by women; ~[dāra] bearded; —[banānā] to shave; —[rakhanā] to grow a beard.

2) Dadhi (दधि):—(nf) curd, coagulated milk; ~[maṃthana] churning of curd.

3) Dāḍhī (दाढी):—(nf) beard; ~[jāra] lit. beard-burnt—a term of abuse usually used by women; be damned !; —[ko hātha lagānā] to make entreaties; —[pakanā] (the beard) to grow grey, to grow old; —[banānā] to shave (the beard); —[rakhanā] to grow a beard.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Dāḍhi (दाढि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Daṃṣṭrin.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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