Dadhi; 15 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dadhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands of the Seven Oceans.—Dadhi: the Tripatāka hands moved upwards and downwards (vyāvṛttacāpaveṣṭitau). Note: Representing the up and down motion of waves.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Dadhi (दधि) refers to “curd”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Poverty resides in curd and saktu at night (verse 754). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

1) Dadhi (दधि) refers to “curd” representing one of the five Pañcagavya (five cow-products), as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the ceremonial ablution of the phallic emblem (liṅga) with Pañcagavya on Sundays is specially recommended. Pañcagavya is the compound of cow’s urine (gojala), dung (gomaya), milk (kṣīra), curd (dadhi) and ghee (ājya). Milk, curd and ghee can severally be used with honey and molasses. The offering of rice cooked in cow’s milk must be made with the syllable Om”.

2) Dadhi (दधि) or Dadhimaya refers to “curd”, representing the material of the liṅga of the Yakṣas, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, where the Devas and Viṣṇu requested Viśvakarman for liṅgas for the achievement of the desires of all people:—“[...] at our bidding Viśvakarmā made liṅgas and gave them to the devas according to their status. [...] the Goddesses (Devī) took the liṅgas of butter; the Yogins took liṅgas of the ash; the Yakṣas took liṅgas of curd (Dadhi-liṅga) and the deity Chāyā took a liṅga of beaten flour. [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. After giving the devas the various liṅgas from a desire for their benefit, Viṣṇu explained the mode of worship of Śiva to me, Brahmā”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dadhi (दधि) refers to “curds”, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Curds was widely used in Vedic period. Ṛgveda mentions a preparation in which the curds were mixed with Soma juice and barley meal. [...] Caraka prohibits the use of curds in the autumn, the summer and the spring seasons. [...] Manusmṛti lays down that curds and its preparations alone could be eaten even if they had turned sour.

The Dadhi foodstuff is mutually incompatible (viruddhāhāra) with the following: meat of varāha (boar), śvāvidha, pṛṣata (deer) and kukkuṭa (hen); as well as kadali (plantain), according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala in the dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana, which contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises.

Dadhi or “curds” is classified as a ‘heavy foodstuff’ as opposed to takra (buttermilk).—Heavy food should [viz., dadhi] to be eaten only until one is half satisfied. Light food [viz., takra] can be eaten until the full satisfaction is obtained. A man whose digestive fire is weak, should abandon heavy food.

Dadhi or “curd” is classified into five types, (depending on their stages of fermentaion as well as taste):—

  1. manda,
  2. svādu,
  3. svādvamla,
  4. amla,
  5. atyamla.
Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Dadhi (दधि, ‘sour milk’) is repeatedly mentioned in the Rigveda and later. The Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa mentions in order Ghṛta (‘clarified butter’), Dadhi, Mastu, which Eggeling renders ‘whey’, and Āmikṣā, ‘curds’. Dadhi often has the meaning of ‘curds’ also. It was used for mixing with Soma.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Dadhi (दधि, “coagulated”) or Dadhisāgara refers to one of the “seven oceans” (sāgara) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 126). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., dadhi). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Dadhi (दधि) refers to “curd” and is one of the four products of milk (gorasa). Dairy farming was carried on in a big way in ancient India. There were large cow-sheds (gomaṇḍava or gomaṇḍapa) where the herds of cows, bulls and calves were kept. There was abundant supply of milk (dugdha or khira) and its four products (gorasa) viz. curd (dadhi), butter milk (udasi or maṭṭhā), butter (ṇavaṇiya or navanīta), clarified butter or ghee (ghṛta or ghaya). Milk and milk products were available in plenty at the dairy (dohaṇa-vāḍaga). The products were stored in ‘khira sālā’. Many articles of daily food were prepared with the help of milk and its products. People could get highly nutritious food because of the easy and large supply of the dairy products.

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Dadhi (दधि, “curds”) refers to one of the ten classifications of food (āhāra), also known as vikṛtis, according to the 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.130) by Hemacandra. Dadhi may be from cow’s, buffalo’s, goat’s or sheep’s milk, but not from camel’s milk.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Dadhi.—(IE 7-12), confused with udadhi and used to indi- cate ‘four’. Cf. a-dugdha-dadhi-grahaṇa (IE 8-5); curds which the villagers (probably, the milkmen) were obliged to supply to the king or landlord on occasions and to the touring officers. Note: dadhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Dadhi in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dadhi : (nt.) curds.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Dadhi, (nt.) (Sk. dadhi, redpl. formation fr. dhayati to suck. Cp. also dhenu cow, dhīta, etc.) sour milk, curds, junket Vin.I, 244 (in enumeration of 5—fold cow-produce, cp. gorasa); D.I, 201 (id.); M.I, 316; A.II, 95; J.II, 102; IV, 140; Miln.41, 48, 63; Dhs.646, 740, 875; Vism.264, 362.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

dadhi (दधि).—n (S) Milk curdled, curds. 2 S Resin or turpentine.

--- OR ---

dāḍhī (दाढी).—f (dāḍhikā S) The beard. Pr. dāḍhīsa vēgaḷēṃ ḍōīsa vēgaḷēṃ (kōṇa dētō) Who can draw distinctions in matters scarcely differing? ghaḍī ghaḍī lāmba dāḍhī (-karaṇēṃ-māṇḍaṇēṃ) To be angry with ever and anon. (Because the practice of persons excited is to stroke and smooth out the beard.) dāḍhī karaṇēṃ To shave the beard. dāḍhī or dāḍhī hōṭī dharaṇēṃ To supplicate earnestly. dāḍhī dharūna ṭācā or pāya tuḍaviṇēṃ To cajole; to flatter and ruin; to destroy or injure under the mask of friendship. See 2 Sam. xx. 9, 10. dāḍhī pā- hūna vāḍhaṇēṃ To give according to the merits of each: also to treat persons according to our expectation from them. dāḍhīmiśīlā āga lāgalī (or ēkācī jaḷatī dāḍhī) āṇi malā divā lāvū dē Used in reproof of heartless selfishness. dāḍhīsa kāndē bāndhaṇēṃ To affix a stigma. dāḍhī hālaviṇēṃ g. of o. (To shake the beard of.) To threaten angrily.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dadhi (दधि).—n Milk curdled, curds; resin.

--- OR ---

dāḍhī (दाढी).—f The beard. dāḍhī karaṇēṃ Shave the beard. dāḍhī dharaṇēṃ Supplicate earnesty.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dadhi (दधि).—n. [dadh-in]

1) Coagulated milk, thick sour milk; क्षीरं दधिभावेन परिणमते (kṣīraṃ dadhibhāvena pariṇamate) Ś.B; दध्योदनः (dadhyodanaḥ) &c.

2) Turpentine.

3) A garment.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dadhi (दधि).—mfn. (-dhiḥ-dhiḥ-dhi) Holding, having, who or what has or possesses. n. (-dhi) 1. Milk curdled or coagulated spontaneously by heat, or by the addition of buttermilk; it is an article of food of general use, and is held in high estimation amongst the Hindus, and is considered, medicinally, as the remedy or preventative of most disorders. 2. Resin, turpentine; (all the synonyms are common to these two senses.) 3. A house, an abode. E. dhā to have, ki affix, and the root reiterated.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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