Mandaka, Maṇḍaka, Mandāka: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mandaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Maṇḍaka (मण्डक) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Maṇḍaka) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Maṇḍaka (मण्डक) refers to a “thin flat circular cake-like dish” and is mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 2.5.9.—Accordingly, as Brahmā asked Śrī Bhagavān, “O Lord, tell me the procedure for Naivedya (food-offering) as it is actually practised. State fully how many kinds of cooked food are desired and what are the side dishes etc.? Śrī Bhagavān said: ‘[...] I shall state fully the (varieties) of food, drinks etc. and side dishes as well. [...] Maṇḍakas (a thin flat circular cake-like dish) beautiful, circular, even and symmetrical everywhere like (the arithmetical figure for) zero, along with boiled milk mixed with sugar should be kept therein. [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Maṇḍaka (मण्डक).—One of the sons born to the Yakṣa Maṇibhadra of his wife Puṇyajanī.

2) Maṇḍaka (मण्डक).—A place of habitation of Purāṇic fame in ancient India. (Śloka 43, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mandaka (मन्दक).—A son of Śrīdevā and Vasudeva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 181.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mandaka (मन्दक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.42) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mandaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Maṇḍaka (मण्डक) is the name of “wheat dish” having Samita as its base ingredient, as described in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.

(Ingredients of Maṇḍaka): samita and water. (Cooking instructions): Soften the samita with water and make balls out of it. Spread these balls into thin cakes. Cook these on an upturned pot in low flame. This is called maṇḍaka. (Notes): According to Raghunātha, this dish should be savoured with milk, candied sugar and ghee, with cooked meat or with vaṭa immersed in buttermilk.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Mandaka in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Maṇḍaka (मण्डक) refers to a kind of thin cake, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 16.107.—Apte refers to Marathi Māṃḍe. Kāśīkhaṇḍa (80.49 of Uttarārdha) refers to Maṇḍakas mixed with mango juice (“sacūtarasamaṇḍakāḥ”). Jñānārṇava-tantra 5.20 refers to Maṇḍakas seasoned with sugar and “wrapped in birch bark” (?). Abhayatilaka on Dvyāśrayakāvya 3.140 explains maṇḍaka as polikā.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Maṇḍaka (मण्डक) refers to “flour-cakes”, according to chapter 3.1 [sambhava-jina-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Note: The editor of the text takes this to be the Gujarati māṇḍā, “a large thin cake made of millet and wheat flour” (Shah); “sweetmeat balls” (Mehta).

Accordingly: “[...] Rice that resembled lotuses with its fragrance to be absorbed by the nose; green gram bigger than grains of black gram; bowls of liquid; various sauces abundant and thick like the waters of Ghṛtoda, friends of nectar as it were; flour-cakes (i.e., maṇḍaka) mixed with candied sugar; delightful sweetmeats; fruit with pleasant flavor; pastries adorned with candied sugar; very tender marmarāla; delicate cakes fried in oil and butter; a savory sauce; smooth curdled milk; boiled milk; and curds with sugar and spices which destroyed hunger—these were prepared for the laymen’s meals, like meals for the King”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Maṇḍaka.—(SITI), same as maṇḍapa. Note: maṇḍaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mandaka in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Maṇḍaka, (fr. maṇḍa) 1. the cream of the milk, whey, in dadhi° whey S. II, 111.—2. the scum of stagnant water, i.e. anything that floats on the surface & dirties the water, water-weeds, moss etc. J. II, 304 (gloss sevāla). (Page 516)

— or —

Mandaka, (?) according to Kern, Toev. s. v. =*mandra (of sound: deep, bass)+ka; a sort of drum J. VI, 580. (Page 523)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maṇḍaka (मंडक).—m S A preparation of wheaten flour. See the derivative māṇḍā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṇḍaka (मण्डक).—

1) A kind of baked flour.

2) A very thin kind of cake (Mar. māṃḍe); पयःस्मिता मण्डकमण्डनाम्बरा (payaḥsmitā maṇḍakamaṇḍanāmbarā) N. 16.17.

3) A particular musical air.

Derivable forms: maṇḍakaḥ (मण्डकः).

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Mandaka (मन्दक).—a.

1) Simple, silly, foolish.

2) One without any feeling (vikāra); Mb.12.35.37 (com. mandakaḥ rāga- dveṣamānāpamānaśūnyaḥ).

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Mandāka (मन्दाक).—

1) A current, stream.

2) Praise.

Derivable forms: mandākaḥ (मन्दाकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maṇḍaka (मण्डक).—(1) doubtless error for mandaka = manda, sluggish, indolent: Lalitavistara 143.11 (prose) (kiṃ vayaṃ) maṇḍa- kasyopasthānaṃ (v.l. maṇḍasyo°) kariṣyāma iti; con- firmed in meaning Tibetan; and no other meaning seems possible in context; (2) for maṇḍaka Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 52.1 read maṇḍuka (or less likely maḍḍuka).

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Mandaka (मन्दक).—name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 69. (See also maṇḍaka 1.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mandāka (मन्दाक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. Praising, praise. 2. A stream, a current. E. mand to praise, ākan Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇḍaka (मण्डक).—[maṇḍa + ka], m. A kind of pastry, [Pañcatantra] 245, 24 (see my translation, n. 1387).

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Mandāka (मन्दाक).—n. A current, a stream.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇḍaka (मण्डक).—(adj. —°) [feminine] ikā = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṇḍaka (मण्डक):—[from maṇḍ] (ifc., with f(ikā). ), rice-gruel, [Harivaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a sort of pastry or baked flour, [Pañcatantra; Śukasaptati; Bhāvaprakāśa] (cf. maṇṭhaka)

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] musical air, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha] (cf. idem)

4) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] (cf. mandaka).

5) Mandaka (मन्दक):—[from mad] mfn. simple, silly, foolish, [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] scanty, little, [Patañjali]

7) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata] (cf. maṇḍaka).

8) Mandāka (मन्दाक):—[from mad] a n. praising, praise, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a stream, current ([according to] to [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 13 fr.] √mand + aka; but [probably] an artificial word to explain the next).

10) b kinī, mandākrānta, mandāra etc. See [columns] 1 and 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mandāka (मन्दाक):—[mandā+ka] (kaṃ) 1. n. Praising, praise.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Maṇḍaka (मण्डक):—(von maṇḍa)

1) am Ende eines adj. comp. Schleim: priyamaṇḍikā (putramaṇḍikā ed. Bomb.) Freundin von Schleim [Harivaṃśa 9541.] —

2) m. eine Art Gebäck [Bhāvaprakāśa im Śabdakalpadruma] [ŚUK. Pet. Hdschr. 13], a, [3.] [Pañcatantra 245, 24], wo, wie schon [BENFEY] bemerkt hat, dattāḥ zu lesen ist. —

3) m. eine best. Sangweise (vgl. maṇṭhaka): jayapriyaḥ kalāpaśca kamalaḥ sundarastathā . maṅgalo vallabhaśceti maṇḍakāḥ ṣaṭprakīrtitāḥ .. [SAM̃GĪTADĀM. im Śabdakalpadruma] —

4) m. pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Viṣṇupurāṇa 187. 193,] [Nalopākhyāna 13.] mandaka [Mahābhārata]; vgl. maṇḍika . — Vgl. mukhamaṇḍikā .

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Mandaka (मन्दक):—

1) adj. (von manda) einfältig, dumm [Mahābhārata 3, 1394] [?= 5, 4464 = 12, 277.] —

2) m. pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Mahābhārata 6, 351]; vgl. maṇḍaka 4.

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Mandāka (मन्दाक):—n. Strom, Strömung [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 4, 13.] das Preisen [Uṇādikoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] Ein zur Erklärung von mandākinī gebildetes Wort.

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Mandaka (मन्दक):—adj. spärlich: dadhi [Patañjali] [?a. a. O.2,332,a.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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