Kshattri, Kṣattṛ: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kshattri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣattṛ can be transliterated into English as Ksattr or Kshattri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Kṣattṛ (क्षत्तृ) is a Sanskrit word referring to “attendant” or “chamberlain”.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kṣattṛ.—(HD), a chamberlain. See Hist. Dharm., Vol. III, p. 111. According to Manu (X. 16) and Yājñavalkya (I. 94), the offspring of a Kṣatriya woman from a Śūdra male was called Kṣattṛ. This apparently refers to a tribe or community. Note: kṣattṛ is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣattṛ (क्षत्तृ).—m. [kṣad saṃjñāyām tṛc Uṇ.2.91.]

1) One who cuts or carves anything; क्षत्ता वामस्य देव भूरेः (kṣattā vāmasya deva bhūreḥ) Rv.6.13.2.

2) An attendant, a door-keeper; यत् क्षत्तारं ह्वयत्या (yat kṣattāraṃ hvayatyā) Av. 9.6.1; मुनिः प्रवेशितः क्षत्रा कन्यान्तःपुरमृद्धिमत् (muniḥ praveśitaḥ kṣatrā kanyāntaḥpuramṛddhimat) Bhāg.9. 6.43; chamberlain; Ks.52.16.

3) A coachman, charioteer; Vāj.16.26.

4) A man born of a Śūdra man and Kṣatriya woman; cf. Ms.1.9.

5) The son of a female slave; (e. g. vidura); यावतः कृतवान्प्रश्नान्क्षत्ता कौषारवाग्रतः (yāvataḥ kṛtavānpraśnānkṣattā kauṣāravāgrataḥ) Bhāg.1.13.2.

6) Brahmā.

7) A fish.

8) One who fights from a chariot.

9) The manager of a treasure (koṣādhyakṣa).

1) A guard (?); Gīrvāṇa; एवमाघोषयत्क्षत्रा नन्दगोपः स्वगोकुले (evamāghoṣayatkṣatrā nandagopaḥ svagokule) Bhāg.1.39.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣattṛ (क्षत्तृ).—mfn. (-ttā-ttrī-ttṛ) Occupied, engaged in work. m.

(-ttā) 1. A charioteer, a coachman. 2. A doorkeeper, a porter. 3. The son of a Sudra by Kshetriya woman, whose employment is catching animals that live in holes. 4. The son of a female slave. 5. A name of Brahma. 6. The son of a Sudra man and Vaisya woman. E. kṣada a Sautra root, to screen or defend, to join or mix, Unadi affix tṛc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣattṛ (क्षत्तृ).—m. 1. i. e. kṣad + tṛ, A carver (ved.). 2. A door-keeper, Mahābhārata 4, 2215. 3. A charioteer. 4. The son of a Śūdra man and a Kṣatriyā woman, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣattṛ (क्षत्तृ).—[masculine] cutter, carver, attendant, charioteer; [Name] of a caste.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣattṛ (क्षत्तृ):—a See √kṣad.

2) [from kṣad] b m. ([Pāṇini 3-2, 135], [vArttika] 6; vi, 4, 11) one who cuts or carves or distributes anything, [Ṛg-veda vi, 13, 2; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiii; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] an attendant, (especially) door-keeper, porter (cf. anukṣ), [Atharva-veda ix, 6, 49; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxx, 13; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a chamberlain, [Kathāsaritsāgara; lii, 106 and 117]

5) [v.s. ...] a charioteer, coachman, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xvi, 26] ([Śatarudriya-upaniṣad iv]), [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra xvi, 1, 16] ([varia lectio] for kṣatra)

6) [v.s. ...] the son of a Śūdra man and a Kṣatriya woman (or the son of a Kṣatriya man and a Śūdra woman [called Ugra, [Manu-smṛti x, 12]] [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; or the son of a Śūdra man and a Vaiśya woman [called Āyogava, [Manu-smṛti x, 12]] [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 90]), [Manu-smṛti x, 12-26 and 49; Yājñavalkya i, 94]

7) [v.s. ...] the son of a female slave, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] (hence) Name of Vidura (as the son of the celebrated Vyāsa by a female slave), [Mahābhārata i, 7381; iii, 246; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 1, 1-3]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of Brahmā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a fish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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