Kshayika, Kṣāyika: 7 definitions


Kshayika means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣāyika can be transliterated into English as Ksayika or Kshayika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kṣāyika (क्षायिक) refers to “right-belief which arises from destruction of karma” and represents one of the five classes of Saṃyagdarśana (“right-belief”), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Attachment to the principles told by the scriptures is called ‘right-belief’ (saṃyakśraddhāna or saṃyagdarśana), and is produced by intuition or instruction of a Guru. [...] It is five-fold. Of these, the fifth kind of right-belief, named kṣāyika, belongs to a creature with pure psychical condition, who has destroyed the seven (prakṛtis). [...]”.

Note: Kṣāyika is imperishable in reality, as even Siddhas possess it, but so far as one birth is concerned its minimum duration is an antarmuhūrta and its maximum 33 + sāgaropamas. It may be acquired in any Guṇasthāna from fourth to twelfth and lasts through the fourteenth. It can be attained only in a human birth, but may be retained in other births, as it is never lost. Furthermore, it can be attained only in Jinakāla, i.e., when it is possible for a Tīrthaṅkara to appear. For Bharatakṣetra this is in the third and fourth divisions of avasarpiṇī.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Kṣāyika (क्षायिक, “destruction”) refers to one of the five dispositions (thought-activities) of the soul, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.1. What is meant by destruction (kṣāyika)? Separation of karmas from the soul is called destruction of karmas e.g. decantation of pure water from a glass having both clean water at the top and mud settled down at the bottom. What is meant by destruction-disposition? The disposition of the soul of destroying the karmas associated with it is called destruction disposition.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣayika (क्षयिक):—a yita, etc. See √4. kṣi.

2) Kṣāyika (क्षायिक):—a See √4. kṣi.

3) Kṣayika (क्षयिक):—[from kṣi] b mfn. consumptive, [Nārada-smṛti, nāradīya-dharma-śāstra]

4) Kṣāyika (क्षायिक):—[from kṣi] b mfn. resulting from the (kṣayopa-śama or) annihilation of the desire of being active, [Jaina literature] ([Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha iii]).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣāyika (क्षायिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Khaia, Khaiga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshayika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣāyika (ಕ್ಷಾಯಿಕ):—[noun] (Jain.) the condition of an individual person attaining freedom from the consequences of the past deeds.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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