Kshetraja, Kṣetrajā, Kṣetraja, Kshetra-ja: 13 definitions
Kshetraja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Kṣetrajā and Kṣetraja can be transliterated into English as Ksetraja or Kshetraja, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Shodhganga: The Vyavaharadhyaya of the Yajnavalkyasmriti
Kṣetraja (क्षेत्रज) refers to one of the twelve types of sons (putra) defined in the Vyavahārādhyāya of the Yājñavalkyasmṛti verse 2.128-132.—The Kṣetraja is one who is begotten on a wife by sagotra relation of her husband or near kinsman.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Kṣetrajā (क्षेत्रजा) is another name for Śvetakaṇṭakārī, a medicinal plant related to Kaṇṭakārī, according to verse 4.33-36 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Kṣetrajā and Śvetakaṇṭakārī, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Kṣetraja (क्षेत्रज) refers to “children begotten by other men on their own wives in the absence of children”, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—(Note: Kṣetraja refers to one of the twelve kinds of permissible sons. See the Vāsiṣṭha Dharmaśāstra, Chap. XVII, SBE XIV.)
Accordingly, as Vāsupūjya said:—“[...] Truthful speech never emanates from persons whose minds are impure from the faults, love, etc. Likewise, what dharma is there of those who perform sacrificial rites of offerings and oblations of ghī, etc, and who build many pious works, such as tanks, wells, and pools; of those [...] who talk of children begotten by other men on their own wives in the absence of children (i.e., Kṣetraja) [...] and of others whose minds are untouched by the teaching of the Jina—what dharma is there of these? Where is its fruit? How can there be good proclamation of it?”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kṣētraja (क्षेत्रज).—m (S kṣētra Wife, ja Born. Born of the wife only.) A son, the offspring of the wife by a kinsman, or a person duly appointed to bring issue to the husband. This is one of the twelve kinds of issue acknowledged by the old Hindu law. See dvādaśavidhaputra.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kṣētraja (क्षेत्रज).—m One of the 12 kinds of sons.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) produced in a field.
2) born from the body. (-jaḥ) 1 one of the 12 kinds of sons allowed by the old Hindu Law, the offspring of a wife by a kinsman duly appointed to raise up issue to the husband; Ms.9.167,18; Y.1.69,2.128.
Kṣetraja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣetra and ja (ज).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) 1. Produced in a field, (as corn, &c.) 2. Born of the body, &c. m.
(-jaḥ) A son, the offspring of the wife by a kinsman or person duly appointed to procreate issue to the husband. E. kṣetra wife, and ja born, born of the wife only; this is one of the twelve kinds of issue acknowledged by the old Hindu law.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kṣetraja (क्षेत्रज).—[kṣetra-ja] (vb. jan), and kṣetrajāta kṣetra-jāta, m. A wife’s son by a kinsman or a person duly appointed to beget issue to the husband, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 159; [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 128.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kṣetraja (क्षेत्रज).—[adjective] growing in fields; [masculine] the wife’s son (by another than the husband).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kṣetraja (क्षेत्रज):—[=kṣetra-ja] [from kṣetra] a mfn. produced in a field (as corn etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] m. ([scilicet] putra) ‘born from the womb’, a son who is the offspring of the wife by a kinsman or person duly appointed to raise up issue to the husband (this is one of the twelve kinds of issue allowed by the old Hindū law), [Baudhāyana-dharma-śāstra; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti ix, 159 ff.; Yājñavalkya i, 68 and 69; ii, 128]
3) Kṣetrajā (क्षेत्रजा):—[=kṣetra-jā] [from kṣetra-ja > kṣetra] f. Name of several plants (= śvetakaṇṭakārī, śaśāṇḍulī, go-mūtrikā, śilpikā, caṇikā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Kṣetraja (क्षेत्रज):—[=kṣetra-ja] [from kṣetra] b mfn. (a quarrel) arisen about land, [Nārada-smṛti, nāradīya-dharma-śāstra]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kṣetraja (क्षेत्रज):—[kṣetra-ja] (jaḥ) 1. m. A son of a wife by a kinsman; produce.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Kṣetraja (क्षेत्रज):—(kṣetra + ja)
1) adj. subst. m. (sc. putra) ein mit der Frau eines kinderlosen Mannes durch einen Andern rechtmässig erzeugter Sohn: mṛtasya ca prasūto yaḥ klīvasya vyādhitasya vā . anyenānumato vā syātsvakṣetre kṣetrajaḥ smṛtaḥ .. [Baudhāyana] in [DĀY. 81.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 167.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 68. 69. 2, 128.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 159. 162. 164. 165. 180. 220.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 549.] —
2) f. jā Name verschiedener Pflanzen: a) = śvetakaṇṭakārī . — b) = śaśāṇḍulī . — c) = gomūtrikā . — d) = śilpikā . c) = caṇikā [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) Adj. — a) auf einem Felde wachsend [Hemacandra's Anekārthasaṃgraha 3,486.] [MED.y.79.] — b) mit Jmds Ehefrau von einem Andern erzeugt ; m. ein solcher Sohn [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra] —
2) *f. ā Name verschiedener Pflanzen.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+3): Kshetrajata, Canika, Baleyabrahmana, Ashmaka, Krishtabhumi, Anyajata, Dvadashavidhaputra, Sumha, Kalmashapada, Shvetakantakari, Vicitravirya, Anyavijaja, Canaka, Gomutraka, Vanga, Pundra, Dirghatama, Niyoga, Kalinga, Anga.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Kshetraja, Kṣetra-ja, Ksetraja, Kṣetrajā, Kṣetraja, Kshetra-ja, Ksetra-ja, Kṣētraja, Kṣetra-jā; (plurals include: Kshetrajas, jas, Ksetrajas, Kṣetrajās, Kṣetrajas, Kṣētrajas, jās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 9.167 < [Section XXIII - The Twelve Kinds of Sons defined]
Verse 9.162 < [Section XXII - The Relative Status of the Twelve Kinds of Sons]
Verse 9.141 < [Section XVIII - Adoption]
Yajnavalkya-smriti (Vyavaharadhyaya)—Critical study (by Kalita Nabanita)
Chapter 3.4 - Different kinds of Sons < [Chapter 3 - The Social Aspect Depicted in the Vyavahārādhyāya]
Chapter 3.6b - The practice of Niyoga < [Chapter 3 - The Social Aspect Depicted in the Vyavahārādhyāya]
Chapter 1.1e - The Major Smṛtis < [Chapter 1 - Introduction]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 7 - Distinction Between Sons < [Book 3 - Concerning Law]
Chapter 6 - Special Shares in Inheritance < [Book 3 - Concerning Law]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 223 - Kinds of Sons Eligible to Offer Śrāddha < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 69 - Creation of Rāma Hrada < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 128 - Origin of Aṭeśvara (Aṭa-īśvara) < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Jnaneshwari (Bhavartha Dipika) (by Ramchandra Keshav Bhagwat)
Apastamba Dharma-sutra (by Āpastamba)