Kshepa, Kṣepa: 19 definitions


Kshepa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣepa can be transliterated into English as Ksepa or Kshepa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kṣepa (क्षेप) refers to one of the four kinds of ābiddha (breaking up), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Ābiddha represents one of the four classes of dhātu (stroke), which relate to different aspects of strokes in playing stringed instruments (tata).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “the ābiddha-dhātus (e.g., kṣepa) will consist respectively of two, three, four and nine strokes made gradually and slowly, and a combination of these”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kṣepa (क्षेप) refers to “thin” (e.g., one having thin brows like creepers), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Again in the season of autumn will be found the blue and white lotus growing side by side, hovered over by beautiful lines of bees, tender creepers adding beauty to the scene; the season therefore resembles a charming woman with blue eyes, fair face, black hair and thin brows [i.e., bhrūlatā-kṣepa]. As if to view the beauty of the pure disc of her lord—the Moon, the summer lake opens at night her red lotus buds—her eyes of soft petals in which lie concealed the black bee serving as the pupil of the eye”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Kṣepa (क्षेप).—1. Additive or subtractive quantity/correction. 2. Celestial latitude, see under vikṣepa. Note: Kṣepa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Kṣepa (क्षेप) or Kṣepaka refers to the “interpolator”, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—According to Pṛthūdakasvāmī (860) in his commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta (628): “An optionally chosen number is taken as the lesser root (hrasvamūla). That number, positive or negative, which being added to or subtracted from its square multiplied by the prakṛti (multiplier) gives a result yielding a square-root, is called the interpolator (kṣepaka). And this (resulting) root is called the greater root (jyeṣṭhamūla)”. The interpolator is called by Brahmagupta kṣepa, prakṣepa or prakṣepaka. Śrīpati occasionally employs the synonym kṣipti. When negative, the interpolator is sometimes distinguished as ‘the subtractive’ (śodhaka). The positive interpolator is then called ‘the additive’.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Academia.edu: Some Pearls from the Fourth Chapter of Abhinavabhāratī Table of Contents

The throw (kṣepa, क्षेप) of the limbs must be without any inhibition. What is experienced is a gay abandon. Such throws must be guided by beauty and grace. The word vilāsa signifies this.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Kṣepa (क्षेप) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kṣepa).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Kṣepa (क्षेप) (Cf. Vikṣepa) refers to “distraction”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘[...] (49) With the basis of morality, they reflect on verses (pāda) supporting liberation. Thus they remain in the way of happiness and liberation as adorned with morality. (50) They are beyond distraction (vikṣepa) and conceited thoughts (manyanā) by cutting off the afflicted view, and they attain the ultimate perfection after having spread friendliness just as the expense of the sky. (51) Never having abandoned the certainty of reaching awakening (bodhi), they never make false discrimination of awakening. The wise people who are content in that way attain the perfection of the morality’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣēpa (क्षेप).—m S Throwing, flinging, casting. Ex. of comp. kālakṣēpa, dhanakṣēpa, āyuṣyakṣēpa, vṛttikṣēpa, karmakṣēpa, dhairyakṣēpa, avasānakṣēpa, hitōpadēśakṣēpa. 2 Sending away. 3 Celestial latitude. 4 also kṣēpaka m The number which is to be added to or subtracted from a calculation (as of the heavenly bodies) in order to adapt it closely and accurately. 5 kṣēpaka is further A stanza, sentence &c. inserted into the writings of one man by another. This may be, but is not necessarily, an interpolation or passage surreptitiously foisted in. 6 A single time or occasion; an instance of occurrence: also a single operation or action, or the whole period occupied by it; as dētākṣēpēṃ, ghētākṣēpēṃ, pāhatākṣēpīṃ, jēvatākṣēpīṃ. See the examples under the third sense of khēpa; noting that, whilst khēpa enjoys all freedom, kṣēpa appears especially in the oblique cases.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṣēpa (क्षेप).—m Throwing. Celestial latitude. A single time or occasion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣepa (क्षेप).—[kṣip-ghañ]

1) Throwing, tossing, casting, moving about, movement (of limbs); कुन्दक्षेपानुगम (kundakṣepānugama) Meghadūta 49; भ्रूक्षे- पमात्रानुमतप्रवेशाम् (bhrūkṣe- pamātrānumatapraveśām) Kumārasambhava 3.6.

2) A throw, cast.

3) Sending, dispatching.

4) Depression; striking down.

5) Transgressing.

6) Passing away (time); कालक्षेपः (kālakṣepaḥ).

7) Delay, dilatoriness.

8) Insult, abuse; क्षेपं संप्राप्तवांस्तत्र (kṣepaṃ saṃprāptavāṃstatra) Rām.12.49.56; क्षेपं करोति चेद्दण्ड्यः (kṣepaṃ karoti ceddaṇḍyaḥ) Y.2.24; किं क्षेपे (kiṃ kṣepe). P.II.1.64.

9) Disrespect, contempt.

1) Pride, haughtiness.

11) A nosegay.

12) A stroke (of an oar &c.).

13) Laying on (as a paint &c.), besmearing.

14) (in arith.) Addendum.

15) The astronomical latitude; Golādh.

Derivable forms: kṣepaḥ (क्षेपः).

--- OR ---

Kṣepa (क्षेप).—&c. See under क्षिप् (kṣip).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣepa (क्षेप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Sending, dismissing. 2. Throwing, casting. 3. Pride, haughtiness. 4. Delay, dilatoriness. 5. Disrespect, contempt. 6. Passing away time, 7. Abuse, reviling. 8. A clump of flowers, &c. 9. (In arithmetic, &c.) Additive quantity, addendum. E. kṣip to throw affix ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣepa (क्षेप).—i. e. kṣip + a, m. 1. Throwing, moving, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 62, 12. 2. Abuse, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 204. 3. A nosegay, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 48.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣepa (क्षेप).—[masculine] throwing, a throw or cast; loss (of time), delay; insult, abuse; accusation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣepa (क्षेप):—[from kṣip] a m. a throw, cast, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] throwing, casting, tossing, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] stretching (as of the legs), [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] a clap (of wings), [Rāmāyaṇa iv, 62, 12]

5) [v.s. ...] a stroke (of an oar etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. apaṭī-kṣ, dṛṣṭi-kṣ, bhrūkṣ, saṭā-kṣ)

6) [v.s. ...] moving to and fro, [Meghadūta 47]

7) [v.s. ...] sending, dismissing, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] laying on (as paint etc.) besmearing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] transgressing (laṅghana), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] delay, procrastination, dilatoriness, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

11) [v.s. ...] ‘loss’ See manaḥ-kṣ

12) [v.s. ...] accusation, [Yājñavalkya ii, 210]

13) [v.s. ...] ([Pāṇini 2-1, 26 and v, 4, 46]) insult, invective, abuse, reviling, [Mahābhārata i, 555; iii, 631; Yājñavalkya ii, 204 and 211]

14) [v.s. ...] disrespect, contempt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] pride, haughtiness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] application of a term to something else, [Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra iv, 1, 6 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

17) [v.s. ...] a nosegay, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] (in [arithmetic]) an additive quantity, addendum

19) [v.s. ...] the astronomical latitude, [Sūryasiddhānta; Golādhyāya]

20) b paka, pana, etc. See √kṣip.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣepa (क्षेप):—(graḥ) 1. m. Sending, throwing; pride; delay; contempt; passing away time; abuse; clump of flowers; quantity to be added.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣepa (क्षेप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Khea, Kheva, Cheha, Choha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshepa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣēpa (ಕ್ಷೇಪ):—[noun] = ಕ್ಷೇಪಣ [kshepana].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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