Avatara, Avatāra: 31 definitions


Avatara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Avatar.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Avatāra (अवतार) refers to an “incarnation (on the earth)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.4.—Accordingly, Umā (Durgā/Satī) spoke to the Gods:—“O Viṣṇu, O, Brahmā, O Gods and sages who are free from sorrow and pain ye listen to my words. I am delighted undoubtedly. My activities are conducive to happiness everywhere in the three worlds. The delusion of Dakṣa and other things were carried out by me alone. I shall take a full incarnation [i.e., avatāra] on the earth. There is no doubt in this. There are many reasons for the same. I shall mention them with respect. [...]”

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Avatāra (अवतार).—(Incarnation). The incarnations of Mahāviṣṇu:— General information. God takes three kinds of incarnations such as avatāra, āveśa and aṃśa. That which has full power is avatāra; that which has power only for the time being is āveśa and partial incarnation in aṃśāvatāra.* The incarnations of Viṣṇu are countless. Hermits, Manus, Devas (gods) and sons of Manus are incarnations in part (aṃśāvatāras) of Viṣṇu. Complete avatāras are ten in numbers of which Balabhadra Rāma is not considered as an avatāra by some. Instead of him they place Buddha. (See full article at Story of Avatāra from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Avatāra (अवतार).—Of Hari, innumerable. Kṛṣṇa is the Lord himself. Metaphysics of.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 26 and 28, 30-39.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Avatāra (अवतार) refers to “śrī Kṛṣṇa Himself or His plenary portion who descends from the transcendental realm into this material creation for the deliverance of conditioned souls”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Avatāra (अवतार) refers to:—(literally means ‘one who descends’) a partially or fully empowered incarnation of the Supreme Lord who is described in the scriptures. An avatāra descends from the spiritual world to the material universe with a particular mission. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Avatāra (अवतार) refers to:—A partially or fully empowered incarnation of Śrī Kṛṣṇa who is described in the scriptures and who descends to the material universe with a particular mission; Literally, ‘one who descends.’. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Avatara in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Avatāra (अवतार) in Sanskrit (or Avayāra in Prakrit) refers to “substitute for a temple”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Avatāra (अवतार) refers to the “process of descent (i.e. persistence)”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala verse 4.20.58-59.—Accordingly, “O goddess! Sinless one! I will explain to you all the Śākta and Śāmbhava (states) as well as the Āṇava (condition) and Kula which is a special (viśeṣa) grace. The process of emanation (sṛṣṭikrama) is the first. Descent (i.e. persistence) [i.e., avatāra] is the second. Withdrawal is the third and the Inexplicable (anākhyeya) is the fourth”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Avatāra (अवतार) refers to an “incarnation” (of Śiva), as mentioned in the Malhar or Junwani copper plate inscription (647CE, see Bakker 2000 and 2015; Sanderson 2012).—This inscription mentions Somaśarman and the “line of tradition starting with Soma” (continuing later with Rudrasoma, Tejasoma, Bhīmasoma). It is in Somaśarman’s house that Lakulīśa, founder of the Pāśupata order, is said to have been born as an incarnation (avatāra) of Śiva. Lakulīśa was then initiated into or through the mahāvrata, perhaps by Somaśarman himself: [...]

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Avatāra (अवतार) represents the number 10 (ten) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 10—avatāra] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Avatāra (अवतार) or Daśāvatāra refers to the “(ten) incarnations” (of Lord Viṣṇu) to which are assign various hand gestures (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In the Hindu scriptures, different stories are found, related to lord Viṣṇu, where we find the magnanimity of different incarnations of lord Viṣṇu. Moreover, a great influence of these ten incarnations of lord Viṣṇu seems to fall in the field of Dance also. In every classical Dance form of India, the daśa-avatāra-nṛtya is seen to perform in a graceful way. The gestures and postures used in daśa-avatāra-nṛtya are suggestive of the forms of incarnations.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Kunpal: Shantideva's Bodhisattva-charyavatara

Avatāra means ’to enter’, ’entering’ or ’entrance’.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Avatāra (अवतार) refers to “entering into (action and duties)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Son of good family, there are eight purities of the insight (prajñā) of the Bodhisattvas. What are the eight? To with, [...] (5) although they teach four summaries of the dharma, they never see anything in impermanence, suffering, selfless, or quiescence; (6) although they teach to enter into action and duties (karmakārya-avatāra), they are free from karmic result and also not disturbed by performing deeds; (7) although they are established in the knowledge of teachings which is beyond discursive thinking, they elucidate the division of words of all teachings; (8) they attain the illumination of all teachings and teach living beings about impurity and purification”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Avatāra (अवतार) refers to the “descent (of Nāgas)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Nāgas said to the Bhagavān] “O Bhagavān, save us. O Bhagavān, we are detested by [the world] together with its Devas. O Bhagavān, we are destroyed. O Bhagavān, we will not harm beings in Jambudvīpa again. We will not hurt them. Furthermore, we will not even throw a [hostile] look. How much more [to mention] a descent (avatāra)”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Avatāra.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘ten’. Note: avatāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avatara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

avatāra : (m.) descending; entering; plunging into.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avatāra (अवतार).—m (S) A descent upon earth of some deity under a human, bestial, or other form. There are particularly ten descents or incarnations of viṣṇu. viz. matsya, kūrma, varāha, nṛsiṃha, vāmana, paraśu- rāma, rāma, kṛṣṇa, buddha, kalkī. Of these nine are past. 2 fig. A term for a pious or distinguished person; for an atrocious, world-appalling villain; for a wild, violent, refractory child. 3 S Descending, descent. 4 With this word are formed some useful appellatives or descriptive names, answering to our Aristides (the just), Phocion (the good), Scipio (the chaste), Tarquin (the proud), Ulysses (the wise), Ӕneas (the pious), Hotspur &c.: as karṇāvatāra A name or designation for a man of extraordinary generosity; kṛṣṇāvatāra--for a man remarkable for sportiveness, gaiety, frolic, fan; dharmāvatāra--for a man of justice, virtue, goodness; bauddhāvatāra--for a man of silence, stillness, quietness; rāmāvatāra--for a man of chastity, purity, veracity; rudrāvatāra or yamāvatāra--for a man fierce, fiery, ferocious, terrible; vāmanāvatāra--for a man characterized by dwarfishness &c. a0 ghēṇēṃ or dharaṇēṃ To enter upon or take up an incarnation. Used of one who starts off into wild, violent, disorderly, dissolute conduct: or of one who displays any particular and extraordinary genius for. a0 hōṇēṃ or sampaṇēṃ g. of s. (To come to the end of one's incarnation.) To be reduced to indigence or obscurity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

avatāra (अवतार).—m Incarnation, descent upon earth of some deity. avatāra ghēṇēṃ Take up an incarnation. Start off into wild conduct. avatāra sampaṇēṃ Be reduced to indigence or insignificance.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avatara (अवतर).—Descent शंसन्ति कार्यावतरं हि सन्तः (śaṃsanti kāryāvataraṃ hi santaḥ) N.3.53; Śiśupālavadha 1.43.

Derivable forms: avataraḥ (अवतरः).

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Avatāra (अवतार).—[ava-tṛ karaṇe ghañ]

1) Descent, alighting; descending or going down into; (fig) accepting, resorting to पाखण्डिपथावतारः (pākhaṇḍipathāvatāraḥ) Daśakumāracarita 47; advent, setting in; वसन्तावतारसमये (vasantāvatārasamaye) Ś.1.

2) Form, manifestation; मत्स्यादिभि (matsyādibhi)- वतारैरवतारवताऽवसुधाम् (vatārairavatāravatā'vasudhām) Śaṅkara.

3) Descent of a deity upon earth, incarnation in general; कोऽप्येष संप्रति (ko'pyeṣa saṃprati) वः पुरुषावतारः (vaḥ puruṣāvatāraḥ) Uttararāmacarita 5.33; धर्मार्थकाममोक्षाणामवतार इवाङ्गवान् (dharmārthakāmamokṣāṇāmavatāra ivāṅgavān) R.1.84; ऋष्यवतारोऽयं नृपतिः (ṛṣyavatāro'yaṃ nṛpatiḥ) Kathāsaritsāgara 7.18.

4) An incarnation of Viṣṇu; विष्णुर्येन दशावतारगहने क्षिप्तो महासंकटे (viṣṇuryena daśāvatāragahane kṣipto mahāsaṃkaṭe) Bh. 2.95. (There are ten incarnations of Viṣṇu; the following verse from Gīt. describes them; vedānuddharate jagannivahate bhūgolamudvibhrate daityaṃ dārayate baliṃ chalayate kṣatrakṣayaṃ kurvate | paulastyaṃ jayate halaṃ kalayate kāruṇyamātanvate mlecchānmūrchayate daśākṛtikṛte kṛṣṇāya tubhyaṃ namaḥ || matsyaḥ kūrmo varāhaśca narasiṃho'tha vāmanaḥ | rāmo rāmaśca kṛṣṇaśca buddhaḥ kalkī ca te daśa || Varāh. P.

5) Any new appearance, growth, rise; navāvatāraṃ kamalādivotpalam R. 3.36; parīvādanavāvatāraḥ 5.24; yauvanāvatāre K.289; Ve.3; Śānti.2.26;3.14; Kathāsaritsāgara 8.3;

6) Any distinguished person (who, in the language of respect, is called an avatāra or incarnation of a deity).

7) Aiming at object.

8) A landing place; रुद्धे गजेन सरितः सरुषावतारे (ruddhe gajena saritaḥ saruṣāvatāre) Śiśupālavadha 5.33.

9) A sacred bathing place.

1) Translation.

11) A pond, tank,

12) Introduction, preface.

13) Crossing; °रं लभ् (raṃ labh) To gain one's object (with gen.).

Derivable forms: avatāraḥ (अवतारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Avatāra (अवतार).—m. (= Pali otāra, especially in meaning 4) [(1) as in Sanskrit, descent, appearance (on earth), e.g. Mahāvastu ii.263.6 °raṃ gacchati, appears, is born;] (2) entrance into, attainment of (a moral state), Lalitavistara 182.10 -mahākaruṇāvatāra-tāṃ, state of attainment of great compassion; so, perhaps (or to 3), pratisaṃvid-avatāro and pratiśaraṇāvatāro, Lalitavistara 35.16 and 17; Samādhirājasūtra 19.6 mahākaruṇāvatārābhimukhāni cittāni, thoughts tending to attainment of great compassion; (3) intellectual penetration, comprehension (compare avatarati): Lalitavistara 423.2 and 11 and Gaṇḍavyūha 469.9 pratītyāvatāra-, penetration, comprehension of (origination by) dependence, see pratītya; Lalitavistara 423.5 ekaviṣaya-sarvadharma-samatāvatāra-cakraṃ wheel of the comprehension of the equality of all substantial states as belonging to one sphere; followed in [compound] by (-jñāna)- kuśala or -kauśalya, clever(-ness) in (the knowledge of) the penetration of… (Tibetan ḥjug pa, entrance), -avatāra- kuśala Mahāvyutpatti 856, 858; -kauśalya Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 8.10; -avatāra- jñāna-kuśala Lalitavistara 8.13; Mahāvyutpatti 835; -svabhāvāvatāra(-tā) Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 4.13, 15; in Mahāvastu i.47.6 = 81.15 meter (supported by some [Page071-b+ 71] readings of mss.) indicates reading jñānasāgar'avatāra nāyakā(ḥ), the [compound] agreeing with preceding mānasaṃ, (a mind) that penetrates into the ocean of knowledge; avatā- reṇa, by penetration, Gaṇḍavyūha 40.2; yathāsvam avatāraiḥ (so read) Gaṇḍavyūha 253.19; avatārataḥ Bodhisattvabhūmi 80.4; avatāraḥ Bodhisattvabhūmi 80.22; 81.6; -sukhopāyāvatāra-dharmadeśanatā Bodhisattvabhūmi 82.18, preaching doctrines that are capable of comprehension by easy means; mahāyāna-samudayāvatāra-nirdeśanām ava- tarati Daśabhūmikasūtra 56.14—15; (4) (way of) entrance, ingress in the sense of opportunity for hostile approach; weak spot, often as object of a form of labh or adhi-gam, find, obtain, the subject often being Māra the Evil One, so Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 145.3 (na ca tatra māraḥ pāpīyān) avatāraṃ lapsyate (om. WT with v.l.); especially often in cpds. avatāra-prekṣin (compare Pali otārāpekkha), avatāra- (or raṃ) -gaveṣin, looking for, seeking a point of attack, these two often together and especially with Māra as subject; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 474.6 and 7 na…avatāraprekṣy avatāragaveṣy avatāraṃ lapsyate; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 398.1 na… °raprekṣy…avatāraṃ lapsyate; Lalitavistara 47.10 (verse) yasyāva- tāra (acc. sg.; so divide) labhate na manaḥ praduṣṭam; Lalitavistara 260.18 avatāraprekṣī avatāragaveṣī (māraḥ, bodhi- sattvasya)…(19) na…avatāram adhyagacchat; Mahāvastu iii.298.16 °ram adhigantum; avatārārthī (= °ra-prekṣī) avatāraṃgaveṣī, of Māra, with reference to the Bodhisattva, Mahāvastu ii.241.5; of the daughters of Māra Mahāvastu iii.286.10; 299.4; avatāraprekṣī skhalitāṃ gaveṣī Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 18.10; avatāra- prekṣin also Mahāvyutpatti 5357; Divyāvadāna 322.7; Śikṣāsamuccaya 152.9; śatruvad avatāraprekṣī 230.14; avatāragaveṣin Divyāvadāna 322.7; (Māraḥ …) avatāraṃ labhiṣyati Samādhirājasūtra 22.35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avatāra (अवतार).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. Descent, especially of a deity from heaven; the appearance of any deity upon earth, but more particularly the incarnations of Vishnu in ten principal forms which are well known, viz. 1. The fish. 2. The tortoise. 3. The boar. 4. The man-lion. 5. The dwarf. 6. and 7. The two Ramas. 8. Krishna. 9. Budd'Ha and 10. Kalki. A pious or distinguished person, in the language of respect or flattery, is also called an Avatara, a descent or incarnation of the deity. 2. A Tirtha or sacred place. 3. Translation, translating 4. Descent. 5. Crossing. E. ava before, tṝ to cross, affix ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avatāra (अवतार).—i. e. ava-tṛ10 + a, m. 1. Descent. 2. Entering into, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 185, 6. 2. Descent of a deity from heaven, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 10, 85.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avatāra (अवतार).—[masculine] descent, [especially] of a deity from heaven, incarnation, appearance; [adjective] rin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Avatāra (अवतार) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Īśvaraśataka. Report. Viii.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avatara (अवतर):—[=ava-tara] [from ava-tṝ] m. descent, entrance, [Śiśupāla-vadha i, 43]

2) [v.s. ...] opportunity, [Naiṣadha-carita]

3) Avatāra (अवतार):—[=ava-tāra] [from ava-tṝ] m. ([Pāṇini 3-3, 120]) descent (especially of a deity from heaven), appearance of any deity upon earth (but more particularly the incarnations of Viṣṇu in ten principal forms, viz. the fish tortoise, boar, man lion, dwarf, the two Rāmas, Kṛṣṇa, Buddha, and Kalki, [Mahābhārata xii, 12941 seqq.])

4) [v.s. ...] any new and unexpected appearance, [Raghuvaṃśa iii, 36 & v, 24, etc.], (any distinguished person in the language of respect is called an Avatāra or incarnation of a deity)

5) [v.s. ...] opportunity of catching any one, [Buddhist literature]

6) [v.s. ...] a Tīrtha or sacred place, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] translation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] ([accusative] with √labh, ‘to get an opportunity’), [Divyāvadāna]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avatāra (अवतार):—[ava-tāra] (raṃ) 1. n. Descent; incarnation.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Avatāra (अवतार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Avayāra, Abayāra, Uṭṭāra, Uttāra, Oāra, Oyāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avatara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avatara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Avatāra (अवतार) [Also spelled avatar]:—(nm) an incarnation; ~[vāda] the theory of incarnation; —[dharanā/lenā] to become incarnate.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Avatara (ಅವತರ):—[noun] = ಅವತಾರ - [avatara -] 1.

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Avatāra (ಅವತಾರ):—

1) [noun] the act or fact of coming down; descent.

2) [noun] the act of bringing down.

3) [noun] a goḍs appearance in human form; incarnation; manifestation.

4) [noun] the act of describing; an account of anything in words; description.

5) [noun] any new appearance, growth or rise.

6) [noun] (fig.jocularly or contemptuously used) mode of being; outward look that is ugly or awkward.

7) [noun] (Jain.) one of the eight rituals observed during the pregnancy and the ceremony.

8) [noun] the number ten.

9) [noun] the act of taking off (the burden, etc.).

10) [noun] ಅವತಾರ ಎತ್ತು [avatara ettu] avatāra ettu (a deity) to descend on the earth in human form; or to be born as a human.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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