Avatarana, Avataraṇa, Avatāraṇa: 11 definitions


Avatarana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Avataraṇa (अवतरण, “coming down”) refers to one of the nine preliminaries performed behind the stage curtain, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5. Accordingly, “The seating of singers is called the Avataraṇa (lit. coming down).”

Performing the avataraṇa preliminary pleases the Apsarasas. According to Nāṭyaśāstra 5.57-58, “The performance of the Preliminaries which means worshipping (pūjā) the gods (devas), is praised by them (i.e. gods) and is conducive to duty, fame and long life. And this performance whether with or without songs, is meant for pleasing the Daityas and the Dānavas as well as the gods.”

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Avataraṇa.—cf. gṛha-avataraṇa (IE 8-5), probably the same as umbara-bheda (q. v.). Note: avataraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Avatarana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

avataraṇa : (nt.) descending; entering; plunging into.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Avatarana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avataraṇa (अवतरण).—n S Explanatory observations (upon a stanza or passage); annotations, exposition, comment. 2 Descending.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

avataraṇa (अवतरण).—n A quotation, an extract, Annotations, exposition, comment. Descending.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Avatarana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avataraṇa (अवतरण).—

1) Descending for bathing in water &c. गङ्गा°, अप्सरस्तीर्थ° (gaṅgā°, apsarastīrtha°); descending; or alighting (in general), coming down; स्तन्य° (stanya°).

2) An incarnation; see अवतार (avatāra),

3) Crossing.

4) Sudden disappearance.

5) Steps or stairs leading to a river.

6) A holy bathing place (tīrtha).

7) Translating from one language into another.

8) Introduction.

9) An extract, a quotation.

-maṅgalam A solemn reception.

Derivable forms: avataraṇam (अवतरणम्).

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Avatāraṇa (अवतारण).—

1) Causing to descend.

2) Translation.

3) Possession by an evil spirit.

4) Worship, adoration.

5) The ends or border of a garment.

6) Preface or introduction (to a work).

7) Descent, appearance (avataraṇa); पौष्यं पौलोममास्तीकमादिरंशावतारणम् (pauṣyaṃ paulomamāstīkamādiraṃśāvatāraṇam) Mb.1.2.42.

Derivable forms: avatāraṇam (अवतारणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Avataraṇa (अवतरण).—n. act., (1) overpowering, subduing, in dur-avataraṇa-, hard to overcome: Gv 242.6 -vīrya-karma-; (2) taking off, clipping (of hair), in keśāvataraṇaṃ (of a pro- spective monk) kṛtvā MSV ii.140.2.

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Avatāraṇa (अवतारण).—nt. (to avatārayati, meaning 1), the causing to penetrate (intellectually), bringing to comprehension, usually in comp., preceded by the thing taught (or with loc.): tathāgatajñānāvatāraṇa- SP 3.2 (-kuśalair); 40.5 (-hetuni- mittaṃ); avatāraṇārthaṃ (sattvānāṃ; sc. regarding enlightenment) 318.4; karmakriyāvatāraṇārthaṃ LV 251. 1—2; with loc., avatāraṇaṃ buddhaviṣaye LV 423.13; avatāraṇāya to make them penetrate (religious knowledge) Bbh 308.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avataraṇa (अवतरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Descending, alighting. 2. Crossing. 3. Translating. 4. Quoting, citing. E. ava down, tṝ to cross, lyuṭ aff.

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Avatāraṇa (अवतारण).—n. (ṇaṃ) 1. Possession by an evil spirit. 2. The ends or border of a garment. 3. Worship, adoration. 4. Taking out. E. ava, tṝ to pass, in the causal form, and lyuṭ aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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