Atyashti, Atyaṣṭi: 14 definitions
Atyashti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Atyaṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Atyasti or Atyashti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Atyaṣṭi (अत्यष्टि).—A poetic metre.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 21. 41.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Atyaṣṭi (अत्यष्टि) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing seventeen syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Atyaṣṭi (अत्यष्टि).—A variety of Aticchandas metre consisting of 68 syllables. e. g. अथा रुचा हरिण्या पुनानः (athā rucā hariṇyā punānaḥ) Ṛk. Sam. 8.111.1.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Atyaṣṭi (अत्यष्टि) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics
Atyaṣṭi (अत्यष्टि) represents the number 17 (seventeen) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 17—atyaṣṭi] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.
Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Atyaṣṭi.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘seventeen’. Note: atyaṣṭi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Atyaṣṭi (अत्यष्टि).—f. [atikrāntā aṣṭiṃ ṣoḍaśākṣarapādāṃ vṛttim ekākṣarādhikyāt] A metre of 4 lines, each containing 17 syllables.
Derivable forms: atyaṣṭiḥ (अत्यष्टिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atyaṣṭī (अत्यष्टी).—f. (-ṣṭī) A kind of metre, a stanza of four lines, with seventeen syllables to the line. E. ati beyond, aṣṭī another metre.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atyaṣṭi (अत्यष्टि).—[feminine] [Name] of a metre.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Atyaṣṭi (अत्यष्टि):—[=aty-aṣṭi] f. a metre (of four lines, each containing seventeen syllables)
2) [v.s. ...] the number seventeen.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atyaṣṭi (अत्यष्टि):—[tatpurusha compound] f.
(-ṣṭiḥ) 1) The name of a class of metres re-gulated by number and quantity. See aticchandas. It consists of four lines with seventeen syllables to each line and comprises twelve varieties. (See
3) vaṃśapatrapatita or vaṃśapatra,
6) narkuṭaka or nardhaṭaka or avitatha,
9) kāntā or krāntā,
10) citralekhā or atiśayanī,
11) mālādhara or vanamālādhara,
2) (In arithmetic sometimes used to denote) the numeral 17. E. ati (sc. krāntā) and aṣṭi, another metre (in the sense of the accusative).
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Atyaṣṭi (ಅತ್ಯಷ್ಟಿ):—[noun] a metre of four lines each containing seventeen syllables.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Atyashtisamagri.
Full-text: Mandakranta, Atyashtisamagri, Vamshapatrapatita, Prithvibhara, Avitatha, Aticchandas, Shikharin, Atishayana, Prithvi, Shridhara, Shikharini, Vrishabhaceshtita, Vilambitagati, Harini, Harina, Kranta, Samagri, Chandas, Asti.
Search found 8 books and stories containing Atyashti, Atyaṣṭi, Atyaṣaṭi, Atyaṣṭī, Atyashati, Ati-asti, Ati-aṣṭi, Ati-ashti, Atyasti, Atyasati; (plurals include: Atyashtis, Atyaṣṭis, Atyaṣaṭis, Atyaṣṭīs, Atyashatis, astis, aṣṭis, ashtis, Atyastis, Atyasatis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 1.127.1 < [Sukta 127]
Rig Veda 1.139.6 < [Sukta 139]
Rig Veda 1.127.6 < [Sukta 127]
Vastu-shastra (1): Canons of Architecture (by D. N. Shukla)
(iii) Proportionate measurements (Māna, Aṅgula, Hasta) < [Chapter 6 - Fundamental Canons of Hindu Architecture]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Education (8): Knowledge of Metres and Figures of speech < [Chapter 4 - Cultural Aspects]
Malatimadhava (study) (by Jintu Moni Dutta)
Part 6.2 - Metres Employed in the Mālatīmādhava < [Chapter 2 - Literary Study of the Mālatīmādhava]
Natyashastra (English) (by Bharata-muni)
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)