Avataraka, Avatāraka: 8 definitions


Avataraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Avataraka in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Avatāraka (अवतारक) means “bringing down” (viz., the Mantras and Vidyās).—Chapter nine of the Kularatnoddyota opens with the goddess asking how the Kula tradition (kulāmnāya) will be worshipped along with its mantras and Vidyās and who will bring it down (avatāraka) into the world in the various cosmic aeons (kalpa). After explaining that it is brought down into the world by incarnations or aspects of both the god and the goddess (aṃśamātra), the god goes on to list the names of these aspects—a goddess and her consort—in nineteen aeons (kalpa), many of which we recognize from the earlier version in the Tantrasadbhāva.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Avataraka in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Avatāraka (अवतारक) refers to “entry”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 2.—Accordingly, “The Buddhadharma is a great sea (mahāsamudra); faith (śraddhā) is its entry (avatāraka), knowledge (jñāna) is its ferryman (tāraka). Evam is a synonym for faith. The person whose heart is full of pure faith (śraddhāviśuddhi) is able to enter into the Buddha’s doctrine; without faith, he cannot”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avataraka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avatāraka (अवतारक).—a. (-rikā f.)

1) Making one's appearance.

2) Making a descent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Avatāraka (अवतारक).—adj. (1) one who causes to penetrate (in-tellectually) or comprehend (compare avatāra 3): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 40.12 tathāgatajñāna-darśanāvatāraka evāhaṃ; 121.9 sarvajña- jñānāvatārakaḥ (of Buddha); 183.6 buddhajñānāvat°; (2) f. °ikā, one who cuts off (hair; compare avatārayati 2): Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 10b.5 keśāvatārikā bhikṣuṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avatāraka (अवतारक):—[=ava-tāraka] [from ava-tṝ] mfn. ‘making one’s appearance’ See raṅgāvat.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Avatāraka (अवतारक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Oyāraga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avataraka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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