Avaroha: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Avaroha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Avaroh.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Avaroha (अवरोह).—A variety of Rohaṇa Varṇa in music.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 87. 7.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Avaroha (अवरोह) refers to “fibrous roots” (of trees or plants), as mentioned in a list of five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Avaroha] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Avaroha in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Avaroha (अवरोह) refers to a “branch root of a banyan tree” and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 11.30.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Avaroha (अवरोह) or Avarohavāda refers to the “descending (path)”, according to the commentary on the Bhajana-rahasya verse 2.14.—Accordingly, [...] Knowledge endowed with a sense of one’s relationship with Śrī Kṛṣṇa appears through the process of bhakti by the means of hearing and chanting. The ācāryas have ascertained that the mood of service appears by hearing from authorities. The impersonalists do not follow this path of hearing, which is the descending path (avaroha-vāda). Rather, they endeavour to take shelter of the doctrine of the ascending path (ārohavāda). Their attempts are compared to trying to reach the sky by climbing on falling raindrops. When the living entity is absorbed in service to the object of bhajana and not in any other object, pure bhakti and proper renunciation (yukta-vairāgya) will arise

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Avaroha (अवरोह) refers to “descending” (the central domain), according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 22.15]—“The middle syllable (juṃ) is the middle tattva (vidyā). [By the word] propelled [the text means to] say, [the Mantrin] offers into fire by the method of ascending and descending (ūrdhvāroha-avaroha-yukti) the central domain. That is to say, by this means he casts everything (i.e., the entire universe) into the great fire”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avarōha (अवरोह).—m S avarōhaṇa n S Descending, descent, passing (down, from, over, or along). 2 Descending through the notes of the gamut.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

avarōha (अवरोह).—m-rōhaṇa n Descending. Cadence (in music).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avaroha (अवरोह).—

1) Descent, going or coming down.

2) A creeping plant winding itself round a tree from the bottom to the top (such as the guḍūcī creeper).

3) Heaven (tasmāddhi bhogāvasāne sarve'varohanti).

4) Mounting, ascending.

5) A shoot sent out by a plant, a pendent branch, one that strikes fresh roots into the earth, as of the fig-tree (vaṭa); अवरोहशताकीर्णं वटमासाद्य तस्थतुः (avarohaśatākīrṇaṃ vaṭamāsādya tasthatuḥ) Rām.

6) The growth of a plant or vine.

7) (In music) The descending scale of notes.

Derivable forms: avarohaḥ (अवरोहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avaroha (अवरोह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Mounting, ascending. 2. Descent, passing from or over. 3. The growth of a creeping plant or vine. 4. A pendant branch, one that strikes fresh root into the earth, as those of the Indian fig tree. 5. Heaven or Swarga. E. ava up or down, &c. ruha to mount, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avaroha (अवरोह).—i. e. ava-ruh + a, m. A pendant branch, one that strikes fresh roots into the earth, as those of the Indian fig-tree, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 52, 96.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avaroha (अवरोह).—[masculine] descent ([figuratively]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avaroha (अवरोह):—[=ava-roha] [from ava-ruh] m. descent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] (in music) descending from a higher tone to a lower one [commentator or commentary] on [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

3) [v.s. ...] mounting, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a shoot or root sent down by a branch (especially of the Indian fig-tree; cf. 2. ava-rodha), Kaus, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa ii, 52, 96]

5) [v.s. ...] (= latodgama) a creeping plant climbing up to the top of a tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] heaven, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avaroha (अवरोह):—[ava-roha] (haḥ) 1. m. Mounting; descent; pendent branch; heaven.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Avaroha (अवरोह) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Avaroha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avaroha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avaroha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Avaroha (अवरोह) [Also spelled avaroh]:—(nm) a descent; act of descending.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Avaroha (अवरोह) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Avarodha.

2) Avaroha (अवरोह) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Avaroha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Avarōha (ಅವರೋಹ):—

1) [noun] the act, fact or process of coming or going down; a descent.

2) [noun] a root that grows downwards from the branches (as of a banyan tree); a pendent root.

3) [noun] a creeper climbing up to the top of a tree.

4) [noun] (mus.) a coming down on a musical scale; descending order of a musical mode.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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