Dashavatara, aka: Dasha-avatara, Daśāvatāra, Daśāvatārā, Dashan-avatara; 7 Definition(s)
Dashavatara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Daśāvatāra and Daśāvatārā can be transliterated into English as Dasavatara or Dashavatara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Daśāvatāra (दशावतार) refers to the “ten incarnations of Lord Viṣṇu”, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The ten avatāras (incarnation) of Lord Viṣṇu are Matsya, Kūrma, Varāha, Narasiṃha, Vāmana, Paraśurāma, Raghurāma, Balarāma, Śrī Kṛṣṇa, and Kalki. The hand gestures for the daśāvatāra in dancing and iconography are similar in some cases and dissimilar in most of the cases.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Hands of the Ten Avatars of Viṣṇu (Daśāvatāra):
(Buddha is omitted)Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Daśāvatāra (दशावतार) is a Sanskrit word referring to the ten incarnations of Viṣṇu. Viṣṇu is the name of a major Hindu deity and forms part of the trinity of supreme divinity (trimūrti) together with Brahmā and Śiva. They are seen as the cosmic personifications of creation (brahmā), maintenance (viṣṇu), and destruction (śiva).
They ten incarnations of Viṣṇu are:
- Vāmana (Trivikrama),
- and Kalki.
Also see the list of aṃśāvatāra, which includes twenty-one forms of Viṣṇu.Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Dashavatara refers to the ten avatars of Vishnu, the Hindu God of universal preservation. The word Dashavatara derives from daśa, meaning “ten” and avatar (avatāra), meaning “descent”.
Yuga: The first four avatars of Vishnu appeared in Satya or Krita Yuga, the first of the four Yugas, also called 'The Golden Age'. The Kali-yuga is described as ending with the appearance of Kalki, who will defeat the wicked, liberate the virtuous, and initiate a new Satya or Kalki Yuga.
- Matsya, the fish (Satya Yuga).
- Kurma, the tortoise (Satya Yuga).
- Varaha, the boar (Satya Yuga).
- Narasimha, half-man/half-lion (Satya Yuga).
- Vamana, the dwarf, (Treta Yuga).
- Parashurama, Warrior with the axe, (Treta Yuga).
- Rama, Ramachandra, the prince and king of Ayodhya, (Treta Yuga).
- Krishna: the eighth son of Devaki and Vasudeva. (Dwapara Yuga),
- Buddha: Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism (Dwapara Yuga),
- Kalki: final incarnation (end of Kali Yuga).
Languages of India and abroad
daśāvatāra (दशावतार).—m The ten incarnations of viṣṇu.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Daśāvatārā (दशावतारा).—m. (pl.) the ten incarnations of Viṣṇu; see under अवतार (avatāra).
Derivable forms: daśāvatārāḥ (दशावताराः).
Daśāvatārā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms daśan and avatārā (अवतारा).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-raḥ) A name of Vishnu. E. daśa ten, and avatāra descent; the deity of whom there are ten descents from heaven, for the purpose of protecting or punishing mankind: see avatāra .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 3 books and stories containing Dashavatara, Dasha-avatara, Daśāvatāra, Dasa-avatara, Dasavatara, Daśa-avatāra, Daśāvatārā, Dashan-avatara, Daśan-avatārā, Dasan-avatara; (plurals include: Dashavataras, avataras, Daśāvatāras, Dasavataras, avatāras, Daśāvatārās, avatārās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 13 - The creation of Brahmā and Viṣṇu < [Section 7.1 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (1)]
Chapter 16 - The battle of the gods < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Daśāvatāra-stotram (by Jayadeva Gosvami)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)