Asuya, Asūyā, Asūya, Ashuya, Āśuyā, Ashu-ya: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Asuya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Āśuyā can be transliterated into English as Asuya or Ashuya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Asūyā (असूया) refers to “finding fault with the good quality in others”. It is part of an eightfold set (of activities) born of Anger. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.48)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Asūyā (असूया, “envy”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. It is also known as Īrṣyā. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Asūyā (असूया, “envy”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as various offences, hatred, other people’s wealth, good luck, intelligence, sports, learning and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as finding fault with others, decrying their virtues, not paying any heed to these, remaining with downcast face, knitting eyebrows in disparagement, and abusing others in the assembly [of men].

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Asūyā (असूया) refers to “malice” and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the mental (mānasa) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (e.g., asūyā) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Asūyā (असूया).—A son of Mṛtyu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 41.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Asūyā (असूया) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of asūyā-bhāva is XIII.46.—Here we can see the jealousy arose in the mind of Durodhana on seeing the progress and prosperity made by Pāṇḍavas by building such a nice castle in a forest. The deep sense of jealousy in the mind of Durodhana is seen.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

asūyā (असूया).—f (S) Impatience of another's excellence, envy. 2 Calumny.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

asūyā (असूया).—f Envy; calumny.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asūya (असूय).—a. Grumbling at, displeased with; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.

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Asūyā (असूया).—

1) Envy, intolerance, jealousy (of the happiness of others); क्रुधद्रुहेर्ष्यासूयार्थानां यं प्रति कोपः (krudhadruherṣyāsūyārthānāṃ yaṃ prati kopaḥ) P.I.4.37;III.4.28;VIII.1.8. सासूयम् (sāsūyam) enviously.

2) Calumny, detraction (of the merits of others); असूया परगुणेषु दोषाविष्करणम् (asūyā paraguṇeṣu doṣāviṣkaraṇam) Sk. (= doṣāropo guṇeṣvapi Ak.); Manusmṛti 7.48; R.4.23.

3) Anger, indignation; वधूरसूया- कुटिलं ददर्श (vadhūrasūyā- kuṭilaṃ dadarśa) R.6.82; सासूयमुक्ता सखी (sāsūyamuktā sakhī) Ś.2.2.

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Āśuyā (आशुया).—a. going quickly. -ind. quickly.

Āśuyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms āśu and (या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asūyā (असूया).—f.

(-yā) 1. Calumny, detraction. 2. The wife of the sage Atri. E. asūñ to detract from, a nominal root, and uk aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asūya (असूय).— (an old denom. based on 2. as), [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] 1. To detract, scron, Mahābhārata 4, 99. 2. To reprove, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 196. 3. To be angry, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 51, 18.

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Asūyā (असूया).—i. e. asūya + a, f. 1. Detraction, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 48. 2. Ill-will, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 14, 20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asūya (असूय).—grumbling, displeased, envious. [feminine] ā discontent, envy.

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Āśuyā (आशुया).—[adverb] quickly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Asūya (असूय):—1. asūya [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] yati, rarely [Ātmanepada] yate ([present participle] yat, [Ṛg-veda x, 135, 2; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]; [Aorist] āsūyīt, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii]; 3. [plural] asūyiṣuḥ, [Rājataraṅgiṇī])

—to murmur at, be displeased or discontented with ([dative case] [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Pāṇini 1-4, 37, etc.] or [accusative] [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.) :—[Causal] ([indeclinable participle] asūyayitvā) to cause to be displeased, irritate, [Mahābhārata iii, 2624] ([Nalopākhyāna])

2) 2. asūya mfn. grumbling at, displeased with ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata xiii, 513]

3) Asūyā (असूया):—[from asūya] f. displeasure, indignation (especially at the merits or the happiness of another), envy, jealousy, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Manu-smṛti etc.]

4) Āśuyā (आशुया):—[from āśu] ind. ([Vedic or Veda] [instrumental case] of the fem.) quickly, [Ṛg-veda iv, 4, 2; vi, 46, 14.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asūyā (असूया):—(yā) 1. f. Calumny; detraction; wife of Atri.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Asūyā (असूया) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Asūyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Asuya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Asūyā (असूया):—(nf) envy.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Asuya (असुय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Aśruta.

2) Asuya (असुय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Asuta.

3) Asūyā (असूया) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Asūcā.

4) Asūyā (असूया) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Asūyā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Asūya (ಅಸೂಯ):—[noun] a man who has the feeling of chagrin, envy, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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