Asu, aka: Āsu, Asū, Ashu, Āśu, Āśū; 9 Definition(s)


Asu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Āśu and Āśū can be transliterated into English as Asu or Ashu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Asu (असु).—A unit of time equal to four sidereal seconds. Note: Asu is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

asu : (adj.) such and such. || āsu (ind.), quickly.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Asu, (pron.) (Sk. asau (m.), adas (nt.); base amu° in oblique cases & derivation, e.g. adv. amutra (q. v.)) pron. dẹmonstr. “that", that one, usually combd. with yo (yaṃ), e.g. asu yo so puriso M. I, 366; yaṃ aduṃ khettaṃ S. IV, 315. ‹-› Nom. sg. m. asu S. IV, 195; Miln. 242; f. asu J. V, 396 (asū metri causâ); nt. aduṃ M. I, 364, 483; A. I, 250. Of oblique cases e.g. amunā (Instr.) A. I, 250. Cp. also next. (Page 89)

— or —

Āsu, expletive particle = assu3 J. V, 241 (v. l. assu; nipātamattaṃ C. p. 243). (Page 116)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

āsū (आसू).—n (aśru S Through H) A tear.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āsū (आसू).—n A tear.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asu (असु).—[asyate kṣipyate as-un Uṇ 1.1; cf. Nir.; sa hi astaḥ śarīre bhavati tasya tatra nityamavasthānam]

1) Breath; मीनगन्ध्यसु- गन्धेन कुर्वन्ती मार्गदूषणम् (mīnagandhyasu- gandhena kurvantī mārgadūṣaṇam) Bhāg.6.13.13; life, spiritual life; Rv.15.1.1.

2) life of departed spirits.

3) Water.

4) Heat.

5) (pl.) (a) The five vital breaths or lifewinds in the body; असुभिः स्थास्नु यशश्चिचीषितः (asubhiḥ sthāsnu yaśaścicīṣitaḥ) Ki.2.19; परीक्षितं दुर्लभानसून् प्रापितवान् (parīkṣitaṃ durlabhānasūn prāpitavān) K.175; Bh.2.11; (b) wisdom (prajñā Nir.).

6) The time taken in pronouncing 1 long syllables.

7) A sixth part of a pala q. v. n. (-su) 1 Reflection, thought.

2) Heart, mind.

3) Grief.

Derivable forms: asuḥ (असुः).

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Asū (असू).—a. Not bringing forth, barren (as a cow).

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Āśu (आशु).—a. [aś-vyāptau uṇ] Fast, quick

-śuḥ Ved.

1) 'The quick one', a horse.

2) Rice (ripening quickly in the rainy season).

-śu ind. Fast, quickly, immediately, directly; Bg.2.65; वर्त्म भानोस्त्यजाशु (vartma bhānostyajāśu) Me.41,22. [cf. L. acu; Gr. okus.]

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Āśū (आशू).—a. Quick, fast (Ved.).

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Āsu (आसु).—5 U.

1) To press out Soma juice, distill (mostly Ved.).

2) (P.) To excite, enliven (Ved.); Ch. Up.5.12.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āśu (आशु).—: [ Johnston, notes on Saundarān. vi.9 and Buddhac. vi.64, assumes use as ‘expletive’, ‘to strengthen the force of the verb,’ ‘in epic and Buddhist Sanskrit,’ and suggests relation to the Pali particle assu. He so interprets āśu in Manu 4.171. I disagree on all this; it seems to me that there is no reason to assume any āśu except the adj. and adverb, quick(ly). Tibetan renders quickly at Buddhac. vi.64.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Asu (असु).—m. pl. always, (asavaḥ) The five vital breaths or airs of the body. n. (-su) 1. Reflexion, thought, or the heart as the seat of it. 2. Affliction. E. asa to be, &c. and u Unadi aff.

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Āśu (आशु).—mfn. (-śuḥ-śuḥ-śu) Going quickly, fleet, first. mn. (-śuḥ-śu) Rice ripening in the rainy season. n. adv. (-śu) Quick, quickly. E. aśū to pervade, uṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 65 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Asūyā (असूया).—f. (-yā) 1. Calumny, detraction. 2. The wife of the sage Atri. E. asūñ to detrac...
Āśuvrīhi (आशुव्रीहि).—m. (-hiḥ) Rice ripening in the rainy season. E. āśu quick, and vrīhi rice...
Gatāsu (गतासु).—mfn. (-suḥ-suḥ-su) Dead, expired. E. gata, and asu breath.
Asudhāraṇa (असुधारण).—n. (-ṇaṃ) Life, existence. E. asu vital air, and dhāraṇa possession.
Udgatāsu (उद्गतासु).—mfn. (-suḥ-suḥ-su) Deceased, dead. E. udgata gone, asu breath.
Asusama (असुसम).—mfn. (-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Dearly beloved. m. (-maḥ) 1. A husband. 2. A lover. E. asu ...
Amṛtasū (अमृतसू).—m. (-sūḥ) The Moon, as the producer of ambrosia. f. (-sūḥ) A Matri or a divin...
Āśupatrī (आशुपत्री).—f. (-trī) A tree which yields frankincense, (Boswellia serrata.) See śalla...
Mandāsu (मन्दासु).—Adj. Having weak breath.
Āśutoṣa (आशुतोष).—a. easily appeased or pleased. (Āśutoṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...
Āśukārin (आशुकारिन्).—a. 1) doing anything quickly, smart, active. 2) operating quickly (as a m...
Āśubodha (आशुबोध).—a. teaching quickly, Name of a treatise of grammar. Āśubodha is a Sanskrit c...
Priyāsu (प्रियासु).—a. fond of life. Priyāsu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pri...
Alpāsu (अल्पासु).—°प्राण (prāṇa) q. v. Alpāsu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms al...
Āśuṣeṇa (आशुषेण).—a. Ved. having swift arrows. नम आशुषेणाय चाशुरथाय च (nama āśuṣeṇāya cāśurathā...

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