Asu, Āsu, Asū, Ashu, Āśu, Āśū: 13 definitions

Introduction

Asu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Āśu and Āśū can be transliterated into English as Asu or Ashu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Asu (असु).—A unit of time equal to four sidereal seconds. Note: Asu is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of asu in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Āśu (आशु) refers to “swift growing rice” according to the Yajurveda-saṃhita (and brāhmaṇa), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The discussions on rice can be seen only in post-Ṛgvedic literature. [...] Yajurvedic Saṃhitas and Brāhmaṇas mentions kṛṣṇavrīhi (black rice), śuklavrīhi (white rice), mahāvrīhi (long rice), nīvāra (wild rice), hāyana (red rice growing in a year), āśu (swift growing rice) and māsūsya (a sort of wild rice) as varieties of rice.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of asu in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āśu.—(SII 2), probably, a hilt. Note: āśu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

--- OR ---

Āsu.—(CII 4), name of a coin; cf. āchu and accu. Note: āsu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

--- OR ---

Āsu.—cf. accu. Note: āsu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of asu in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

asu : (adj.) such and such. || āsu (ind.), quickly.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Asu, (pron.) (Sk. asau (m.), adas (nt.); base amu° in oblique cases & derivation, e.g. adv. amutra (q. v.)) pron. dẹmonstr. “that”, that one, usually combd. with yo (yaṃ), e.g. asu yo so puriso M. I, 366; yaṃ aduṃ khettaṃ S. IV, 315. ‹-› Nom. sg. m. asu S. IV, 195; Miln. 242; f. asu J. V, 396 (asū metri causâ); nt. aduṃ M. I, 364, 483; A. I, 250. Of oblique cases e.g. amunā (Instr.) A. I, 250. Cp. also next. (Page 89)

— or —

Āsu, expletive particle = assu3 J. V, 241 (v. l. assu; nipātamattaṃ C. p. 243). (Page 116)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of asu in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āsū (आसू).—n (aśru S Through H) A tear.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āsū (आसू).—n A tear.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of asu in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asu (असु).—[asyate kṣipyate as-un Uṇ 1.1; cf. Nir.; sa hi astaḥ śarīre bhavati tasya tatra nityamavasthānam]

1) Breath; मीनगन्ध्यसु- गन्धेन कुर्वन्ती मार्गदूषणम् (mīnagandhyasu- gandhena kurvantī mārgadūṣaṇam) Bhāg.6.13.13; life, spiritual life; Rv.15.1.1.

2) life of departed spirits.

3) Water.

4) Heat.

5) (pl.) (a) The five vital breaths or lifewinds in the body; असुभिः स्थास्नु यशश्चिचीषितः (asubhiḥ sthāsnu yaśaścicīṣitaḥ) Ki.2.19; परीक्षितं दुर्लभानसून् प्रापितवान् (parīkṣitaṃ durlabhānasūn prāpitavān) K.175; Bh.2.11; (b) wisdom (prajñā Nir.).

6) The time taken in pronouncing 1 long syllables.

7) A sixth part of a pala q. v. n. (-su) 1 Reflection, thought.

2) Heart, mind.

3) Grief.

Derivable forms: asuḥ (असुः).

--- OR ---

Asū (असू).—a. Not bringing forth, barren (as a cow).

--- OR ---

Āśu (आशु).—a. [aś-vyāptau uṇ] Fast, quick

-śuḥ Ved.

1) 'The quick one', a horse.

2) Rice (ripening quickly in the rainy season).

-śu ind. Fast, quickly, immediately, directly; Bg.2.65; वर्त्म भानोस्त्यजाशु (vartma bhānostyajāśu) Me.41,22. [cf. L. acu; Gr. okus.]

--- OR ---

Āśū (आशू).—a. Quick, fast (Ved.).

--- OR ---

Āsu (आसु).—5 U.

1) To press out Soma juice, distill (mostly Ved.).

2) (P.) To excite, enliven (Ved.); Ch. Up.5.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āśu (आशु).—: [ Johnston, notes on Saundarān. vi.9 and Buddhac. vi.64, assumes use as ‘expletive’, ‘to strengthen the force of the verb,’ ‘in epic and Buddhist Sanskrit,’ and suggests relation to the Pali particle assu. He so interprets āśu in Manu 4.171. I disagree on all this; it seems to me that there is no reason to assume any āśu except the adj. and adverb, quick(ly). Tibetan renders quickly at Buddhac. vi.64.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asu (असु).—m. pl. always, (asavaḥ) The five vital breaths or airs of the body. n. (-su) 1. Reflexion, thought, or the heart as the seat of it. 2. Affliction. E. asa to be, &c. and u Unadi aff.

--- OR ---

Āśu (आशु).—mfn. (-śuḥ-śuḥ-śu) Going quickly, fleet, first. mn. (-śuḥ-śu) Rice ripening in the rainy season. n. adv. (-śu) Quick, quickly. E. aśū to pervade, uṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asu (असु).—i. e. 1. as + u, m. plur. 1. The five vital breaths, or airs of the body (cf. [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 207, 9). 2. Life, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 189, 6.

--- OR ---

Asū (असू).—[a-sū], adj. Sterile, Chr. 296, 3 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 3.

--- OR ---

Āśu (आशु).—i. e. probably (see śo) + u, adv. Quickly. Cf. [Latin] ocius, accipiter = ved. āśupatvan, aquila.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asu (असु).—[masculine] (later always [plural]) vital spirit, breath, life.

--- OR ---

Asū (असू).—[feminine] not bringing forth, barren.

--- OR ---

Āśu (आशु).—[adjective] swift; [neuter] [adverb]; [masculine] horse.

--- OR ---

Āsu (आसु).—& vi = [Simple] sam & abhisam press out together. — Cf. pra/suta.

Āsu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and su (सु).

--- OR ---

Āsū (आसू).—hurt upon ([dative]), send, bestow, procure.

Āsū is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and (सू).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Asu (असु):—m. (√1. as), [Vedic or Veda] breath, life, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.

2) life of the spiritual world or departed spirits, [Ṛg-veda x, 15, 1]

3) (in [astronomy]) ‘respiration’, = four seconds of sidereal time or one minute of arc, [Sūryasiddhānta]

4) = prajñā, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska]

5) (in later language only asavas) the vital breaths or airs of the body, animal life, [Atharva-veda; Manu-smṛti iii, 217, etc.]

6) n. grief, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) (= citta) the spirit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Asū (असू):—[=a-sū] mfn. (√3. ), not bringing forth, barren, [Ṛg-veda] and, [Atharva-veda] ([accusative] f. a-svam), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] ([accusative] f. asūm).

9) Āśu (आशु):—mfn. (√1. , [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 1]), fast, quick, going quickly, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

10) m. [Vedic or Veda] the quick one, a horse, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

11) mn. rice ripening quickly in the rainy season, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) n. Name of a Sāman

13) ind. quickly, quick, immediately, directly, [Suśruta; Meghadūta; Pañcatantra etc.]

14) cf. [Greek] ὠκύς, ὤκιστος; [Latin] acu in acupedius, ocissimus: of the same origin may be the [Latin] aquila and accipiter.

15) Āsu (आसु):—[=ā-su] -√3. su [Parasmaipada] -sunoti, ([subjunctive] 2. [plural] -sunotā, [Atharva-veda xx, 127, 7 and] ā-sotā, [Ṛg-veda ix, 108, 7]) to press out (Soma juice);

—to distil, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

16) Āsū (आसू):—[=ā-√sū] [Parasmaipada] ā-suvati √1. (p. -suvāna) to excite towards ;

—to throw to, send off towards;

—to assign to, bring quickly, procure;

—to yield, grant, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of asu in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: