Rajasuya, Rajasūya, Rājasūya, Rajan-suya: 16 definitions



Rajasuya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Rājasūya (राजसूय) refers to:—An elaborate fire sacrifice that establishes one as the emperor of the world. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Rajasuya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Rājasūya (राजसूय) is a great sacrifice performed by a universal monarch (in which the tributary princes also take part) at the time of his coronation as a mark of his undisputed sovereignty.

Rājasūya according to the Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya 1.16-17, “by listening to this Purāṇa of Śiva a man becomes sinless. After enjoying all extensive worldly pleasures he will attain the region of Śiva. Merely by listening to the story of Śiva a man secures that merit which results from the performance of Rājasūya and a hundred Agniṣṭomas”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Rājasūya (राजसूय).—A great yajña. Hariścandra and also Dharmaputra performed it. (Sabhā Parva, Chapters 33, 35, 84).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Rājasūya (राजसूय).—The conqueror of cardinal points was fit to perform this: Yudhiṣṭhīra on this, to Kṛṣṇa: Done by Soma who conquered the three worlds;1 Yudhiṣṭhira's desire to be a Pārameṣṭhī. So Ṛtviks were sent for, including Bhīṣma, Vidura. Even Śūdras were invited. After the sacrifice, on the suggestion of Sahadeva, the first honour was given to Kṛṣṇa. Śiśupāla's protest and vilification of Kṛṣṇa who had his head cut off. In the sacrifice each brother was assigned specific functions—Duryodhana in charge of treasury, Bhīma cooking, Nakula the supply of provisions, etc. The avabhṛta bath at Gangā accompanied by divine music. Every visitor duly honoured, returned back. Jealousy of Duryodhana at the success of the sacrifice.2 The consecration ceremony of a king done by Pṛthu, Vāli and others.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 71. 2[1]; 72-3; IX. 14. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 90. 22.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 1. 13;; X. 70. 41; Chh. 74-75.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 113; III. 7. 268; 8. 25; 63. 116; 72. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 95; 70. 21.

1b) The head of the Veda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 71. 77; 88. 118. Ib. 104. 84; 112. 63.

1c) The fifth gāndhāra grāmika.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 42.

1d) The gift of brahmāṇḍa purāṇa equal to the performance of 1000 sacrifices.1 The fruits of this yajña are equal to fasting and praying to Viṣṇu on the akṣayatṛtīya day;2 a plunge in the Prayāgā is equal to this yajña.3 Sacrifice performed by Soma when Viṣṇu was Brahmā, Śiva, the protector, Atri, the hota, Bhṛgu, the adhvaryu, Brahmā, the udgāta, Sanaka and others were the Sadasyas, ten Viśvedevas Camasādhvaryavas, and the three worlds dakṣiṇa; after this sacrifice the nine Devīs, Lakṣmī, Sinivālī, Kīrtī, Vasu, Dhṛtī and others left their husbands and sported with Soma who acted as their consort;4 the title of Soma after the Rājasūya.5

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 53. 57.
  • 2) Ib. 65. 7.
  • 3) Ib. 106. 21.
  • 4) Ib. 23. 19-27; 58. 54; 239. 37; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 8.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 90. 26.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Rajasuya (Imperial Sacrifice or the king's inauguration sacrifice) was a yajna or sacrifice, performed by the ancient kings of India who considered themselves powerful enough to be an emperor. It is described in detail in the Mahabharata.

Rajasuya, like the ashwamedha, would occur after the return of generals of the king (in most cases his own kinsmen, like his brother or son) from a successful military campaign. Only the king with Sovereign power is allowed to do that.

Pandava king Yudhisthira's rajasuya is the most well known rajasuya sacrifice, described in detail in the epic Mahabharata. King Satyaharischandra also performed Rajasuya yaga successfully, and was a successful emperor in ancient times. Many Chola kings are supposed to have performed this sacrifice. One of the sangam Cholas is called Rajasuyam vetta perunarkilli (i.e. perunarkilli who performed Rajasuya), for having successfully performed this sacrifice.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rājasūya.—(EI 4), name of a sacrifice. Note: rājasūya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rājasūya (राजसूय).—m n S A sacrifice performed by a universal monarch attended by his tributary princes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rājasūya (राजसूय).—

1) a great sacrifice performed by a universal monarch (in which the tributary princes also took part) at the time of his coronation as a mark of his undisputed sovereignty; राजा वै राजसूयेनेष्ट्वा भवति (rājā vai rājasūyeneṣṭvā bhavati) Śat Br.; cf. सम्राट् (samrāṭ) also; राजा तत्र सूयते तस्माद् राजसूयः । राज्ञो वा यज्ञो राजसूयः (rājā tatra sūyate tasmād rājasūyaḥ | rājño vā yajño rājasūyaḥ) ŚB. on MS.4.4.1.

2) a lotus.

3) a mountain.

Derivable forms: rājasūyaḥ (राजसूयः), rājasūyam (राजसूयम्).

Rājasūya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rājan and sūya (सूय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasūya (राजसूय).—n.

(-yaṃ) 1. A sacrifice performed only by an universal monarch, attended by his tributary princes; as in the case of Yudhisht'Hira, and others. 2. A lotus. 3. A mountain. 4. A sort of rice. E. rāja a king, (by him,) and ṣū to be produced, to be effected, aff. kyap; or rāja the moon, for the moon-plant of which the acid-juice is drank at the ceremony, and su to bring forth, the same aff., deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasūya (राजसूय).—i. e. rājan-su + ya, m. A sacrifice performed by an universal monarch, attended by his tributary princes, [Indralokāgamana] 1, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasūya (राजसूय).—[masculine] [neuter] a great sacrifice at a king’s consecration.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Rājasūya (राजसूय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—the seventh book of the Śatapathabrāhmaṇa in the Kāṇvaśākhā. Oxf. 395^a.

2) Rājasūya (राजसूय):—śr. Oppert. 2983. 6170.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rājasūya (राजसूय):—[=rāja-sūya] [from rāja > rāj] m. a great sacrifice performed at the coronation of a k° (by himself and his tributary princes e.g. the sacrifice at the inauguration of Yudhi-ṣṭhira, described in [Mahābhārata ii]), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of various works. ([especially] of [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa vii], in the Kāṇvaśākhā)

3) [v.s. ...] n. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a lotus-flower

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of rice

5) [v.s. ...] a mountain

6) [v.s. ...] mfn. relating etc. to the R°-sacrifice ceremony (e.g. yo mantraḥ, a Mantra recited at the R°’s c°), [Pāṇini 4-3, 66], [vArttika] 5, [Patañjali]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasūya (राजसूय):—[rāja-sūya] (yaṃ) 1. n. A sacrifice performed only by a universal monarch attended with his tribu- tary princes; a lotus; a mountain; a sort of rice.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Rājasūya (राजसूय):—m. (sc. kratu, yajña) und n. ( [Amarakoṣa 3, 6, 3, 31]) Bez. der religiösen Feier der Königsweihe [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 114.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 11.] yeneṣṭaṃ rājasūyena maṇḍalasyeśvaraśca yaḥ . śāsti yaścājñayā rājñaḥ sa samrāṭ .. [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 1, 3.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 691.] [Halāyudha 2, 267.] rājasūyo nṛpādhvaraḥ [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 7, 5.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 8, 1. 11, 7, 7.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 5, 6, 2, 1.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 2, 7, 4, 1. 6, 1.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 7, 15.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 9, 3, 1. 4, 1.] rājā vai rājasūyeneṣṭvā bhavati [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa.5,1,1,12.2,3,9.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 14,1,7.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 92.] [Mahābhārata.3,1728. 2445.] [Harivaṃśa 1333.] [Oxforder Handschriften 266,b,41.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.1,9,41.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa.7,39.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 122,9. 10.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.2,4,4, Scholiast] yājin [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 5, 5, 1, 2. 2, 5.] rājasūyeṣṭi [Mahābhārata 2, 514.] rājasūyārambhaparvan heissen die Adhyāya [12 - 18] im 2ten Buche des [Mahābhārata] rājasūyo mantraḥ ein beim Rājasūya herzusagender Spruch [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 66, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 2,] [Scholiast] Nach [ŚABDĀRTHAK.] bei [WILSON] bedeutet das Wort noch: Lotus; eine Art Reis; Berg.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Rājasūya (राजसूय):—1. —

1) m. n. die religiöse Feier der Königsweihe sūyavidha Adj. [Lāṭyāyana’s Śrautasūtra 8,11,7.] —

2) Titel eines Werkes [Private libraries (Gustav) 1.] —

3) *n. — a) Lotusblüthe. — b) eine Art Reis. — c) Berg (als n. !)

--- OR ---

Rājasūya (राजसूय):—2. Adj. = rājasūyika.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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