Rajasuya, aka: Rajasūya, Rājasūya, Rajan-suya; 8 Definition(s)


Rajasuya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Rajasuya in Purana glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Rājasūya (राजसूय) is a great sacrifice performed by a universal monarch (in which the tributary princes also take part) at the time of his coronation as a mark of his undisputed sovereignty.

Rājasūya according to the Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya 1.16-17, “by listening to this Purāṇa of Śiva a man becomes sinless. After enjoying all extensive worldly pleasures he will attain the region of Śiva. Merely by listening to the story of Śiva a man secures that merit which results from the performance of Rājasūya and a hundred Agniṣṭomas”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation

Rājasūya (राजसूय).—A great yajña. Hariścandra and also Dharmaputra performed it. (Sabhā Parva, Chapters 33, 35, 84).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Rājasūya (राजसूय).—The conqueror of cardinal points was fit to perform this: Yudhiṣṭhīra on this, to Kṛṣṇa: Done by Soma who conquered the three worlds;1 Yudhiṣṭhira's desire to be a Pārameṣṭhī. So Ṛtviks were sent for, including Bhīṣma, Vidura. Even Śūdras were invited. After the sacrifice, on the suggestion of Sahadeva, the first honour was given to Kṛṣṇa. Śiśupāla's protest and vilification of Kṛṣṇa who had his head cut off. In the sacrifice each brother was assigned specific functions—Duryodhana in charge of treasury, Bhīma cooking, Nakula the supply of provisions, etc. The avabhṛta bath at Gangā accompanied by divine music. Every visitor duly honoured, returned back. Jealousy of Duryodhana at the success of the sacrifice.2 The consecration ceremony of a king done by Pṛthu, Vāli and others.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 71. 2[1]; 72-3; IX. 14. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 90. 22.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 1. 13;; X. 70. 41; Chh. 74-75.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 113; III. 7. 268; 8. 25; 63. 116; 72. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 95; 70. 21.

1b) The head of the Veda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 71. 77; 88. 118. Ib. 104. 84; 112. 63.

1c) The fifth gāndhāra grāmika.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 42.

1d) The gift of brahmāṇḍa purāṇa equal to the performance of 1000 sacrifices.1 The fruits of this yajña are equal to fasting and praying to Viṣṇu on the akṣayatṛtīya day;2 a plunge in the Prayāgā is equal to this yajña.3 Sacrifice performed by Soma when Viṣṇu was Brahmā, Śiva, the protector, Atri, the hota, Bhṛgu, the adhvaryu, Brahmā, the udgāta, Sanaka and others were the Sadasyas, ten Viśvedevas Camasādhvaryavas, and the three worlds dakṣiṇa; after this sacrifice the nine Devīs, Lakṣmī, Sinivālī, Kīrtī, Vasu, Dhṛtī and others left their husbands and sported with Soma who acted as their consort;4 the title of Soma after the Rājasūya.5

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 53. 57.
  • 2) Ib. 65. 7.
  • 3) Ib. 106. 21.
  • 4) Ib. 23. 19-27; 58. 54; 239. 37; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 8.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 90. 26.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Rajasuya in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Rajasuya (Imperial Sacrifice or the king's inauguration sacrifice) was a yajna or sacrifice, performed by the ancient kings of India who considered themselves powerful enough to be an emperor. It is described in detail in the Mahabharata.

Rajasuya, like the ashwamedha, would occur after the return of generals of the king (in most cases his own kinsmen, like his brother or son) from a successful military campaign. Only the king with Sovereign power is allowed to do that.

Pandava king Yudhisthira's rajasuya is the most well known rajasuya sacrifice, described in detail in the epic Mahabharata. King Satyaharischandra also performed Rajasuya yaga successfully, and was a successful emperor in ancient times. Many Chola kings are supposed to have performed this sacrifice. One of the sangam Cholas is called Rajasuyam vetta perunarkilli (i.e. perunarkilli who performed Rajasuya), for having successfully performed this sacrifice.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

Rājasūya.—(EI 4), name of a sacrifice. Note: rājasūya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Rajasuya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

rājasūya (राजसूय).—m n S A sacrifice performed by a universal monarch attended by his tributary princes.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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