Vyasana, Vyashana: 20 definitions


Vyasana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vyasan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vyasana (व्यसन) refers to “dissipation” (of one’s courage), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.19 (“Kāma’s destruction by Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Nārada: “O dear one, hear the story of what happened thereafter. Out of love for me I shall recount Śiva’s sports that bring about joy. On seeing the dissipation [i.e., vyasana] of His courage, lord Śiva, the great Yogin, thought within Himself wondering much”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of vyasana in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Vyasana (व्यसन) represents the number 7 (seven) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 7—vyasana] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

Discover the meaning of vyasana in the context of Ganitashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vyasana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vyasana (व्यसन) refers to “attachment”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Though] one may with difficulty master the breath by various Mudrās which are based upon physical torture; [though] one may control the flows [of the various vital airs] in all the channels located in one’s body; and though one may accomplish the dubious [act] of going into another’s body, there is certainly no attainment of liberation for one whose happiness is solely attached (eka-vyasana) to knowledge [of these] [vijñānaikavyasanasukhino]. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of vyasana in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Vyasana (व्यसन) refers to “misfortune”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān entered the assembly of Nāgas], “Then the Four Great Kings bowed to the Bhagavān with their hands put together and addressed him, “O Bhagavān, extremely frightening great dangers have arisen in the world. Namely, drought, famine, calamities. O Bhagavān, all beings have become defenceless and refugeless because of this misfortune (vyasana). [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of vyasana in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vyasana (व्यसन) refers to “misfortune”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “When dwelling in a house, [a lifestyle] which is full of great misfortune (mahā-vyasana-saṃkīrṇa) [and] exceedingly despicable, victory over carelessness cannot be achieved even by the very wise. The unsteady mind cannot be subdued by householders. Therefore, the state of a householder is abandoned by wise men for peace of mind”.

Synonyms: Kaṣṭa.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of vyasana in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vyasana.—(CII 1), misfortune. Note: vyasana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of vyasana in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vyasana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vyasana : (nt.) misfortune; ruin; destruction.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vyasana, (nt.) (fr. vy+as) misfortune, misery, ruin, destruction, loss D. I, 248; S. III, 137 (anaya°); IV, 159; A. I, 33; V, 156 sq. 317 (several); Sn. 694 (°gata ruined); Pv. I, 64 (=dukkha PvA. 33); III, 56 (=anattha PvA. 199); Vbh. 99 sq. 137; VbhA. 102 (several); PvA. 4, 103, 112; Sdhp. 499.—The 5 vyasanas are: ñāti°, bhoga°, roga°, sīla°, diṭṭhi° or misfortune concerning one’s relations, wealth, health, character, views. Thus at D. III, 235; A. III, 147; Vin. IV, 277. (Page 653)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of vyasana in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyasana (व्यसन).—n (S) Inordinate liking or taking to, addictedness: also a bad habit; a vitious practice or trick. 2 S A sin, a vice, a criminal pursuit. 3 S Devoted attachment or intent application to. 4 S A calamity. samāna vyasanācēṃ sakhya Union or consociation of persons of the same habits, pursuits, likings: also that union which consists in or which is effected by sameness of habits &c. 2 Union &c. of persons affected by one common calamity: also union produced by a common calamity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyasana (व्यसन).—n Addictedness. A bad habit; a vice. A calamity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of vyasana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyasana (व्यसन).—1 Casting away, dispelling.

2) Separating, dividing.

3) Violation, infraction; शीलव्यसनमेतत्ते नाभिजाना- म्यहं पुरा (śīlavyasanametatte nābhijānā- myahaṃ purā) Rām.2.12.57; Kirātārjunīya 3.45.

4) Loss, destruction, defeat, fall; defection, weak point; अमात्यव्यसनम् (amātyavyasanam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3; स्वबलव्यसने (svabalavyasane) Kirātārjunīya 13.15; Śiśupālavadha 2.57.

5) (a) A calamity, misfortune, distress, evil, disaster, ill-luck; अज्ञातभर्तृव्यसना मुहूर्तं कृतोपकारेव रतिर्बभूव (ajñātabhartṛvyasanā muhūrtaṃ kṛtopakāreva ratirbabhūva) Kumārasambhava 3.73;4.3; R.12.57. (b) Adversity, need; स सुहृद् व्यसने यः स्यात् (sa suhṛd vyasane yaḥ syāt) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.327 'a friend in need is a friend indeed'.

6) Setting (as of the sun &c.); तेजोद्वयस्य युगपद् व्यसनोदयाभ्याम् (tejodvayasya yugapad vyasanodayābhyām) Ś.4.1 (where vyasana means 'a fall' also).

7) Vice, bad practice, evil habit; मिथ्यैव व्यसनं वदन्ति मृगयामीदृग् विनोदः कुतः (mithyaiva vyasanaṃ vadanti mṛgayāmīdṛg vinodaḥ kutaḥ) Ś.2.5; R.18.14; Y.1.31; (these vices are usually said to be ten; see Manusmṛti 7.47-48); समानशीलव्यसनेषु सख्यम् (samānaśīlavyasaneṣu sakhyam) Subhāṣ.

8) Close or intent application, assiduous devotion; विद्यायां व्यसनम् (vidyāyāṃ vyasanam) Bhartṛhari 2.62,63.

9) Inordinate addiction.

1) Crime, sin.

11) Punishment.

12) Inability, incompetency.

13) Fruitless effort.

14) Air, wind.

15) Individuality.

Derivable forms: vyasanam (व्यसनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyasana (व्यसन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Calamity, misfortune. 2. Fate. 3. Fault, vice, crime, frailty, arising from desire, or from anger; ten vices or faults are enumerated under the first head; viz:—hunting, gambling, sleeping in the day, calumny, whoring, dancing, singing, playing, idle roaming, and drinking; the second comprehends eight; viz:—depravity, violence, injury, envy, malice, fraud, abuse, and assault. 4. Sin. 5. Fated consequence. 6. Evil-destiny, ill-luck. 7. Fruitless effort. 8. Incompetence, inability. 9. Intent, application or attachment to an object. 10. Falling, (as opposed to udaya.) 11. Air, wind. 12. Individuality. 13. Loss, destruction. 14. Violation, infraction. 15. Punishment. E. vi before as to throw, &c., aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyasana (व्यसन).—i. e. vi-as + ana, n. 1. Calamity, misfortune, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 59, 1; [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 13; destruction, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 154, 13; loss, [Kirātārjunīya] 13, 15. 2. Fate. 3. Ill luck. 4. Fruitless effort, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 96 (pl.). 5. Inability, incompetence (see the next). 6. Fauls, vice, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 45; [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 48, M. M.; crime. 7. Sin, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 38. 8. Intent application or attachment to an object, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 314; diligence, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 31, M.M. 9. Individuality.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyasana (व्यसन).—[neuter] moving hither and thither, activity, industry, propensity or devotion to, zeal for ([locative] or —°); passion, whim, hobby, evil habit, vice; ill luck, adversity, calamity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyaśana (व्यशन):—[=vy-aśana] [from vy] 1. vy-aśana mf(ā)n. (for 2. See p. 1034, col. 3) abstinence from eating, fasting, [Harivaṃśa]

2) [=vy-aśana] [from vy-aś] 2. vy-aśana m. (for 1. See p. 1028, col. 3), [Kāṭhaka] (a word used in a [particular] formula; other forms are vaiyaśana; vy-aśniya, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]; vy-aśnuvin, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā])

3) Vyasana (व्यसन):—[=vy-asana] [from vy-as] n. moving to and fro, wagging (of a tail), [Pāṇini 3-1, 20], [vArttika] 3

4) [v.s. ...] throwing (effort) into, assiduity, industry, [Bhartṛhari; Subhāṣitāvali]

5) [v.s. ...] separation, individuality, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] attachment or devotion or addiction to ([locative case] or [compound]), passion, ([especially]) evil passion, sin, crime, vice (said to arise either from love of pleasure or from anger; eight are enumerated under the first head, viz. mṛgayā, dyūta or akṣa, divā-svapna, parivāda, striyaḥ, mada, taurya-trika, vṛthātyā; and eight under the second, viz. paiśunya, sāhasa, droha, irṣyā, asūyā artha-dūṣaṇa vākpāruṣya, daṇḍa-pāruṣya, qq.vv.), [Manu-smṛti vii, 47, 48; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] favourite pursuit or occupation, hobby, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

8) [v.s. ...] evil predicament or plight, disaster, accident, evil result, calamity, misfortune (vyasanāni [plural] misfortunes), ill-luck, distress, destruction, defeat, fall, ruin, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] setting (of sun or moon), [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Śakuntalā]

10) [v.s. ...] fruitless effort, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] punishment, execution (of criminals), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

12) [v.s. ...] incompetence, inability, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) [v.s. ...] air, wind, [ib.]

14) [v.s. ...] tale-bearing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyasana (व्यसन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Calamity; fate; vice; failure; air; individuality; attachment.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vyasana (व्यसन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vasaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vyasana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of vyasana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vyasana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyasana (व्यसन) [Also spelled vyasan]:—(nm) addiction (esp. to a vice); besetting sin; —[paḍanā] to be/get addicted.

context information


Discover the meaning of vyasana in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vyasana (ವ್ಯಸನ):—

1) [noun] intense emotional suffering caused by loss, disaster, misfortune, etc.; acute sorrow; deep sadness; grief.

2) [noun] a favourite pursuit or occupation.

3) [noun] a bad habit (which one is addicted to); an evil passion.

4) [noun] act of meditating; deep, continued thought; meditation.

5) [noun] ವ್ಯಸನಪಡು [vyasanapadu] to feel deep, acute sorrow or distress; to grieve.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of vyasana in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: