Vyasana, Vyashana: 12 definitions



Vyasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vyasana.—(CII 1), misfortune. Note: vyasana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyasana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vyasana : (nt.) misfortune; ruin; destruction.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vyasana, (nt.) (fr. vy+as) misfortune, misery, ruin, destruction, loss D. I, 248; S. III, 137 (anaya°); IV, 159; A. I, 33; V, 156 sq. 317 (several); Sn. 694 (°gata ruined); Pv. I, 64 (=dukkha PvA. 33); III, 56 (=anattha PvA. 199); Vbh. 99 sq. 137; VbhA. 102 (several); PvA. 4, 103, 112; Sdhp. 499.—The 5 vyasanas are: ñāti°, bhoga°, roga°, sīla°, diṭṭhi° or misfortune concerning one’s relations, wealth, health, character, views. Thus at D. III, 235; A. III, 147; Vin. IV, 277. (Page 653)

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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyasana (व्यसन).—n (S) Inordinate liking or taking to, addictedness: also a bad habit; a vitious practice or trick. 2 S A sin, a vice, a criminal pursuit. 3 S Devoted attachment or intent application to. 4 S A calamity. samāna vyasanācēṃ sakhya Union or consociation of persons of the same habits, pursuits, likings: also that union which consists in or which is effected by sameness of habits &c. 2 Union &c. of persons affected by one common calamity: also union produced by a common calamity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyasana (व्यसन).—n Addictedness. A bad habit; a vice. A calamity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyasana (व्यसन).—1 Casting away, dispelling.

2) Separating, dividing.

3) Violation, infraction; शीलव्यसनमेतत्ते नाभिजाना- म्यहं पुरा (śīlavyasanametatte nābhijānā- myahaṃ purā) Rām.2.12.57; Ki.3.45.

4) Loss, destruction, defeat, fall; defection, weak point; अमात्यव्यसनम् (amātyavyasanam) Pt.3; स्वबलव्यसने (svabalavyasane) Ki.13.15; Śi.2.57.

5) (a) A calamity, misfortune, distress, evil, disaster, ill-luck; अज्ञातभर्तृव्यसना मुहूर्तं कृतोपकारेव रतिर्बभूव (ajñātabhartṛvyasanā muhūrtaṃ kṛtopakāreva ratirbabhūva) Ku.3.73;4.3; R.12.57. (b) Adversity, need; स सुहृद् व्यसने यः स्यात् (sa suhṛd vyasane yaḥ syāt) Pt.1.327 'a friend in need is a friend indeed'.

6) Setting (as of the sun &c.); तेजोद्वयस्य युगपद् व्यसनोदयाभ्याम् (tejodvayasya yugapad vyasanodayābhyām) Ś.4.1 (where vyasana means 'a fall' also).

7) Vice, bad practice, evil habit; मिथ्यैव व्यसनं वदन्ति मृगयामीदृग् विनोदः कुतः (mithyaiva vyasanaṃ vadanti mṛgayāmīdṛg vinodaḥ kutaḥ) Ś.2.5; R.18.14; Y.1.31; (these vices are usually said to be ten; see Ms.7.47-48); समानशीलव्यसनेषु सख्यम् (samānaśīlavyasaneṣu sakhyam) Subhāṣ.

8) Close or intent application, assiduous devotion; विद्यायां व्यसनम् (vidyāyāṃ vyasanam) Bh.2.62,63.

9) Inordinate addiction.

1) Crime, sin.

11) Punishment.

12) Inability, incompetency.

13) Fruitless effort.

14) Air, wind.

15) Individuality.

Derivable forms: vyasanam (व्यसनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyasana (व्यसन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Calamity, misfortune. 2. Fate. 3. Fault, vice, crime, frailty, arising from desire, or from anger; ten vices or faults are enumerated under the first head; viz:—hunting, gambling, sleeping in the day, calumny, whoring, dancing, singing, playing, idle roaming, and drinking; the second comprehends eight; viz:—depravity, violence, injury, envy, malice, fraud, abuse, and assault. 4. Sin. 5. Fated consequence. 6. Evil-destiny, ill-luck. 7. Fruitless effort. 8. Incompetence, inability. 9. Intent, application or attachment to an object. 10. Falling, (as opposed to udaya.) 11. Air, wind. 12. Individuality. 13. Loss, destruction. 14. Violation, infraction. 15. Punishment. E. vi before as to throw, &c., aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyasana (व्यसन).—i. e. vi-as + ana, n. 1. Calamity, misfortune, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 59, 1; [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 13; destruction, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 154, 13; loss, [Kirātārjunīya] 13, 15. 2. Fate. 3. Ill luck. 4. Fruitless effort, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 96 (pl.). 5. Inability, incompetence (see the next). 6. Fauls, vice, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 45; [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 48, M. M.; crime. 7. Sin, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 38. 8. Intent application or attachment to an object, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 314; diligence, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 31, M.M. 9. Individuality.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyasana (व्यसन).—[neuter] moving hither and thither, activity, industry, propensity or devotion to, zeal for ([locative] or —°); passion, whim, hobby, evil habit, vice; ill luck, adversity, calamity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyaśana (व्यशन):—[=vy-aśana] [from vy] 1. vy-aśana mf(ā)n. (for 2. See p. 1034, col. 3) abstinence from eating, fasting, [Harivaṃśa]

2) [=vy-aśana] [from vy-aś] 2. vy-aśana m. (for 1. See p. 1028, col. 3), [Kāṭhaka] (a word used in a [particular] formula; other forms are vaiyaśana; vy-aśniya, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]; vy-aśnuvin, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā])

3) Vyasana (व्यसन):—[=vy-asana] [from vy-as] n. moving to and fro, wagging (of a tail), [Pāṇini 3-1, 20], [vArttika] 3

4) [v.s. ...] throwing (effort) into, assiduity, industry, [Bhartṛhari; Subhāṣitāvali]

5) [v.s. ...] separation, individuality, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] attachment or devotion or addiction to ([locative case] or [compound]), passion, ([especially]) evil passion, sin, crime, vice (said to arise either from love of pleasure or from anger; eight are enumerated under the first head, viz. mṛgayā, dyūta or akṣa, divā-svapna, parivāda, striyaḥ, mada, taurya-trika, vṛthātyā; and eight under the second, viz. paiśunya, sāhasa, droha, irṣyā, asūyā artha-dūṣaṇa vākpāruṣya, daṇḍa-pāruṣya, qq.vv.), [Manu-smṛti vii, 47, 48; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] favourite pursuit or occupation, hobby, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

8) [v.s. ...] evil predicament or plight, disaster, accident, evil result, calamity, misfortune (vyasanāni [plural] misfortunes), ill-luck, distress, destruction, defeat, fall, ruin, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] setting (of sun or moon), [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Śakuntalā]

10) [v.s. ...] fruitless effort, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] punishment, execution (of criminals), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

12) [v.s. ...] incompetence, inability, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) [v.s. ...] air, wind, [ib.]

14) [v.s. ...] tale-bearing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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