Ashru, Aśru, Āśru, Āsru: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Ashru means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aśru and Āśru can be transliterated into English as Asru or Ashru, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Aśru (अश्रु, “weeping”).—One of the eight ‘involutary states’ (sāttvikabhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘involutary states’ are different from consequents (anubhāva) because of their arising from the inner nature (sattva). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.6-7)

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Aśru (अश्रु):—Lacrimal fluids (Tears) - The liquid excreted into the eyes by the lacrimal glands

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Aśru (अश्रु) refers to “tears” according to the Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta 2.1.168.—Accordingly, as Śrī Gopa-kumāra says: “[...] I was eager to go near Śrī Jagannātha but was unable to walk forward. My mind had become helplessly deprived of will and, due to ecstatic love, all my limbs were trembling. My hairs stood erect and I lost control of my body as tears blocked my vision [i.e., aśru-vilupta-dṛṣṭi]. With great difficulty, I somehow caught hold of the Garuḍa pillar and stood there”.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Aśru (अश्रु) refers to “tears”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.9.—Accordingly, after Menā spoke to Himācala (Himavat):—“After saying this, with tears in her eyes [i.e., aśru-mukhī] Menā fell at the feet of her husband. Raising her, the lord of mountains, the most excellent among intelligent people, made a true statement. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Aśru (अश्रु) refers to “(shedding) tears”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 8.26.—Accordingly: “When he heard that his father had laid off his body, Raghu’s son shed tears (aśru) for a long time, and then performed the final sacrifice of that Indra of the earth together with the chaplain”.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Aśru (अश्रु, “tears ”) (Pali, Assu) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., aśru]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aśru (अश्रु).—m n (S) A tear.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aśru (अश्रु).—m A tear.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśru (अश्रु).—n. [aśnute vyāpnoti netramadarśanāya, aś-krun Uṇādi-sūtra 5. 29,2.13,4.12] A tear; पपात भूमौ सह सैनिकाश्रुभिः (papāta bhūmau saha sainikāśrubhiḥ) R.3.61. [cf. Zend. asru.; Pers. ars.].

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Asru (अस्रु).—= अश्रु (aśru) q. v.

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Āśru (आश्रु).—5 P.

1) To hear, listen to.

2) To promise (with dat. of person; cf. P.I.4.4; Y.2.196).

3) To accept, undertake. -Caus.

1) To cause to hear,

2) To call, particularly in ritualistic formulas; ओमित्या- श्रावयति (omityā- śrāvayati) Ch. Up.1.1.9.

3) To draw towards, win over, attract; आश्रावयेदस्य जनं (āśrāvayedasya janaṃ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 12.3.

4) To say, repeat (as a Mantra). ओं श्रावयेत्याश्रावयन्ति (oṃ śrāvayetyāśrāvayanti) Tait. Up.1.8.1.

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Āsru (आस्रु).—a. Flowing or streaming in abundance.

-payas a. One whose milk is streaming in abundance. (as a cow); अगाद्धुङ्कृतैरास्रुपया जवेन (agāddhuṅkṛtairāsrupayā javena) Bhāgavata 1.13.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśru (अश्रु).—n. (-śru) A tear. E. a neg. śri to serve, ḍun Unadi affix; it is also written aśra.

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Asru (अस्रु).—n. (-sru) A tear. E. ata to cast or reject, and ru aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśru (अश्रु).—[aś + ru] (see vb. śo), n. A tear, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 48, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśru (अश्रु).—[neuter] ([masculine]) a tear.

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Āśru (आश्रु).—listen to ([accusative] of th., [genetive] or [dative] of [person or personal]); hear, learn; promise. [Causative] proclaim, make known; address, invoke, summon.

Āśru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and śru (श्रु).

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Āsru (आस्रु).—& upa flow towards ([accusative]).

Āsru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and sru (स्रु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśru (अश्रु):—n. (us m. only once, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa vi] and once, [Rāmāyaṇa]) a tear, [Ṛg-veda x, 95, 12 and 13; Atharva-veda] etc. with √muc, or √kṛ ([Mahābhārata xii, 12491]) or √vṛt, [Causal] ([Rāmāyaṇa]) to shed tears

2) [supposed to stand for daśru [from] √daṃś: cf. [Greek] δάκρυ; [Latin] lacryma for dacryma; [Gothic] tagrs; [English] tear; Mod. [German] Zähre].

3) Āśru (आश्रु):—[=ā-√śru] [Parasmaipada] -śṛṇoti [Ātmanepada] -śṛṇute, to listen to;

—to hear;

—to perceive (with the ear), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.;

—to accept, promise, [Pāṇini 1-4, 40; Rāmāyaṇa; Yājñavalkya; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] :—[Causal] -śrāvayati ([but ā-śravayatam, [Ṛg-veda vii, 62, 5]; [Aorist] -aśuśravus, [Ṛg-veda x, 94, 12]]),

—to cause to hear;

—to announce, make known, tell, [Ṛg-veda; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata];

—to address, speak to, call to (especially at particular rites), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Taittirīya-upaniṣad; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra] etc.:

—[Desiderative] -śuśrūṣati ([only [Parasmaipada] [Pāṇini 1-3, 59]]), to wish to hear;

—to listen.

4) Āsru (आस्रु):—[=ā-sru] 1. ā-√sru [Parasmaipada] -sravati, to flow near or towards;

—to flow, stream, flow from, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha];

—to spring a leak;

—to flow off, go off, deteriorate, [Atharva-veda v, 19, 8; ii, 29, 7] :

—[Causal] -srāvayati and -sravayati, to cause to flow;

—to bleed, cup, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra];

—to impel, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

5) [=ā-sru] 2. ā-sru mfn. flowing or streaming in abundance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśru (अश्रु):—(śru) 2. n. A tear.

2) Asru (अस्रु):—(sru) 2. n. A tear.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aśru (अश्रु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṃsu, Aṃsuya, Assu, Āsava, Āsu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashru in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Aśru (अश्रु) [Also spelled asru]:—(nm) a tear; ~[pāta] shedding of tears; ~[pūrṇa] tearful.

2) Asru in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a tear; ~[pata] shedding of tears; ~[purna] tearful..—asru (अश्रु) is alternatively transliterated as Aśru.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aśru (ಅಶ್ರು):—[noun] a drop of the salty fluid secreted by the lachrymal gland to lubricate the eyeball, kill bacteria, etc. or due to emotional reasons; tear.

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Asru (ಅಸ್ರು):—[noun] = ಅಸ್ರ - [asra -]1.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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