Ashraya, aka: Āśraya; 10 Definition(s)


Ashraya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Āśraya can be transliterated into English as Asraya or Ashraya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Āśraya (आसन) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in warfare, referring to “seeking shelter”. Āśraya is considered to be one of the six constituents of state-craft that the King shall constantly ponder over. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Nītiprakāśikā 8.83 and the Manubhāṣya 7.160)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Āśraya, Seeking shelter, is that whereby even the weak becomes strong. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 7.160 et. seq.)

‘Seeking protection’ is of two kinds—

  1. done for the rescuing of what has been lost,
  2. and done for awaiting future aggression.
Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Āśraya (आश्रय).—Substratum. In the Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra the conjugational affixes are held to denote the substratum of action or result.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

1) Āśraya (आश्रय).—Relation of dependence; cf. आश्रयात्सिद्धत्वं भविष्यति (āśrayātsiddhatvaṃ bhaviṣyati) M. Bh. I.1.12 Vārt. 4;

2) Āśraya.—Substratum, place of residence; cf. गुणवचनानां शब्दानामाश्रयतो लिङ्गवचनानि भवन्ति । शुद्धं वस्त्रम् । शुक्ला शाटी । शुक्लः कम्बलः । (guṇavacanānāṃ śabdānāmāśrayato liṅgavacanāni bhavanti | śuddhaṃ vastram | śuklā śāṭī | śuklaḥ kambalaḥ |) M. Bh. II.2.29.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ashraya in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Āśraya (आश्रय) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.112.110) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Āśraya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Āśraya.—(IA 20), subdivision of a viṣaya. Cf. āśiriyam, āśiriya-kkal, āśiriya-ppramāṇam (SITI), a document by which a person submits to another's protection. Note: āśraya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Ashraya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āśraya (आश्रय).—m (S) An asylum; a refuge; a place of protection or security. 2 Shelter, protection, defence, cover, lit. fig. 3 Support or sustentation, lit. fig. sanction, authority, warrant, countenance; grounds, reasons, data: also that which supports, sustains, upholds, establishes. 4 Having recourse to; adopting, employing, using; observing, following, practising. 5 Proximity or vicinity.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āśraya (आश्रय).—m An asylum, a refuse. Support, shelter.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āśraya (आश्रय).—[āśri-ac]

1) A resting-place, seat, substratum; सौहृदादपृथगाश्रयामिमाम् (sauhṛdādapṛthagāśrayāmimām) U.1.45. so आश्रयासिद्ध (āśrayāsiddha) q. v. below.

2) That on which anything depends or rests or with which it is closely connected.

3) Recipient, receptacle, a person or thing in which any quality is present or retained &c.; तमाश्रयं दुष्प्रसहस्य तेजसः (tamāśrayaṃ duṣprasahasya tejasaḥ) R.3.58.

4) (a) A place of refuge, asylum; shelter; भर्ता वै ह्याश्रयः स्त्रीणाम् (bhartā vai hyāśrayaḥ strīṇām) Vet.; तदहमाश्रयोन्मूलनेनैव त्वामकामां करोमि (tadahamāśrayonmūlanenaiva tvāmakāmāṃ karomi) Mu.2. (b) A dwelling, house.

5) Having recourse or resort to, resort; oft. in comp. साभूद्रामाश्रया भूयः (sābhūdrāmāśrayā bhūyaḥ) R.12.35; नानाश्रया प्रकृतिः (nānāśrayā prakṛtiḥ) &c.

6) Following, practising; योऽवमन्येत ते मूले हेतुशास्त्राश्रयाद् द्विजः (yo'vamanyeta te mūle hetuśāstrāśrayād dvijaḥ) Ms.2.11.

7) Choosing, taking, attaching oneself to.

8) Dependence on; oft. in comp.; मम सर्वे विषयास्त्वदाश्रयाः (mama sarve viṣayāstvadāśrayāḥ) R.8.69.

9) Patron, supporter; विनाश्रयं न तिष्ठन्ति पण्डिता वनिता लताः (vināśrayaṃ na tiṣṭhanti paṇḍitā vanitā latāḥ) Udb.

1) A prop, support; वृक्षेषु विद्धमिषुभिर्जघनाश्रयेषु (vṛkṣeṣu viddhamiṣubhirjaghanāśrayeṣu) R.9.6.

11) Help, assistance, protection.

12) A quiver; बाणमाश्रयमुखात् समुद्धरन् (bāṇamāśrayamukhāt samuddharan) R.11.26.

13) Authority, sanction, warrant.

14) Connection, relation, association. राघवाश्रयसत्कथाः (rāghavāśrayasatkathāḥ) Rām. 6.9.93.

15) Union, attachment.

16) A plea, an excuse.

17) Contiguity, vicinity.

18) Seeking shelter or protection with another (= saṃśraya), one of the six guṇas, q. v.

19) An appropriate act, or one consistent with character.

2) Source, origin.

21) (In gram.) The subject, or that to which the predicate is attached.

22) (With Buddhists) The five organs of sense with Manas or mind.

Derivable forms: āśrayaḥ (आश्रयः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 88 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nirāśraya (निराश्रय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Without refuge, destitute. E. nir, and āśraya an asylu...
Anyonyāśraya (अन्योन्याश्रय).—m. (-yaḥ) Mutual or reciprocal connexion or dependance. E. anyony...
Janāśraya (जनाश्रय).—m. (-yaḥ) A temporary hall. E. jana man, and āśraya an asylum. janānāṃ lok...
Parvatāśraya (पर्वताश्रय) or Parvvatāśraya.—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Mountaineer, living, &c. in ...
Vanāśraya (वनाश्रय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Forest, forester, who or what is in a forest. m. (-yaḥ)...
Mañcakāśraya (मञ्चकाश्रय).—m. (-yaḥ) A bug. E. mañcaka a bed, and āśraya abode.
Sarvāśraya (सर्वाश्रय) or Sarvvāśraya.—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Giving shelter or protection to all. ...
Jalāśraya (जलाश्रय).—n. (-yaṃ) 1. A piece of water, a pond, a lake. 2. A waterhouse. E. jala an...
Parāśraya (पराश्रय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Dependent or relying upon another. m. (-yaḥ) Dependance...
Veśyāśraya (वेश्याश्रय).—m. (-yaḥ) A brothel, the habitation of harlots. E. veśyā a whore, āśra...
Ātmāśraya (आत्माश्रय).—m. (-yaḥ) 1. Self-dependance. 2. Innate idea, abstract knowledge, indepe...
Drumāśraya (द्रुमाश्रय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Sheltering or dwelling in trees. E. druma, and āśra...
Tilakāśraya (तिलकाश्रय).—m. (-yaḥ) The forehead. E. tilaka, and āśraya asylum.
Guṇāśraya (गुणाश्रय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Virtuous, excellent, able, endowed with good qualities...
Kapaṭāśraya (कपटाश्रय).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘development segment’ (garbhasandhi...

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