Ashrita, Āśrita, Aśṛta, Aśrita, Āśṛtā, Āśritā: 22 definitions


Ashrita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Āśrita and Aśṛta and Aśrita and Āśṛtā and Āśritā can be transliterated into English as Asrita or Ashrita or Asrta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Asrit.

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In Hinduism

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

Āśrita (आश्रित, “supported”).—As the vyaktas (manifests) are the products of avyakta (unmanifest), so they are dependent on avyakta. But the avyakta (unmanifest) having no cause is itself not dependent on anything. Āśrita means supported by the cause. Yuktidīpīka describes āśrita as ādheya (“āśritamādheyam”). The word ādheya means an object which exists in something else. So, a thing, which remains (ādheya) in something else, is called āśrita (supported).

Samkhya book cover
context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Āśrita (आश्रित) means “inhabiting” (i.e., those people ‘inhabiting’ a certain place), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Mars should be eclipsed by Rāhu [—the eclipsed or eclipsing lunar or solar disc as the case may be], the people of Āvanti, those living on the banks of the Kāverī and the Narmada and haughty princes will be afflicted with miseries. [...] If Saturn should be so eclipsed, the people of Marubhava, of Puṣkara and of Saurāṣṭra, the minerals, the low classes inhabiting [i.e., āśrita] the Arbuda hills, and the hillmen of Gomanta and Pāriyātrā will perish immediately”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Āśṛtā (आशृता) means “established”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Called the vital breath, the energy of the vital breath has arisen in the form of a Kadamba bud from the locus of the Root. Its form radiant energy, it is established in the Void [i.e., āśṛtāsā tejomūrtiḥ kham āśṛtā]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Āśrita (आश्रित) refers to “resorting to” (sublime thoughts), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.14 (“The Birth of Tāraka and Vajrāṅga”).—Accordingly, after Vajrāṅga spoke to Brahmā: “On hearing that, O sage, I said—‘Sāttvika feelings constitute the essence of real philosophy. I shall lovingly create an exquisite lady’. After offering her who was named Varāṅgī, to that son of Diti, I went to my abode in great delight. So also Kaśyapa, his father. Thereafter the demon eschewed his diabolical feelings and resorted to [i.e., āśrita] sublime thoughts. Since he was free from fiendish feelings he became happy. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Ashrita in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Āśrita (आश्रित) refers to “staying (in the pathways)”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “The sphere of the sun is at the base of the Central Channel, complete with twelve digits, shining with its rays. The lord of creatures (Prajāpati), of intense appearance, travels upwards on the right. Staying (āśrita) in the pathways in the spaces in the channels it pervades the entire body. The sun consumes the lunar secretion, wanders in the sphere of the wind and burns up all the bodily constituents in all bodies”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Āśritā (आश्रिता) refers to one of the female Śrāvakas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Āśritā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Āśrita (आश्रित) refers to “depending upon”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (6) Since the concept of mine (mamakāra) does not exist in the dharma of the Sugata, you neither depend (āśrita) nor hold (agrāha) on the dharma. But having known the discipline (vinaya) for all kinds of beings through conceptions (saṃkalpa) of the dharma, you always teach the supreme (annutara) dharma. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: SOAS Research Online: Prekṣā meditation: History and Methods

Āśrita (आश्रित) refers to “dependent”; as opposed to Anāśrita—“independent” which refers to one of the 46 qualities of the soul to be meditated on in the “Practice of Meditation on Liberated Souls (Siddhas)”, according to Jain texts like Ācārāṅga (5.6.123-140), Ṣaṭkhaṇḍāgama ( and Samayasāra (1.49).—The pure soul can be recognised by meditation on its true nature, represented by the liberated souls of the Siddhas. [...] The qualities of the soul to be meditated on as truly mine are: [e.g., My soul is independent (an-āśrita)] [...] The meditation on such extended fourty-five qualities of the pure soul presents the niśacaya-naya, which is aligned with Kundakunda’s approach.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āśrita (आश्रित).—p S Protected, defended, supported, maintained, sheltered, lit. fig. 2 That has been resorted to for protection or shelter. 3 Following, observing, practising. 4 Employing, using, having recourse to. ā0 kōṭīniviṣṭa or ā0 kōṭyantargata Included among the millions of (your &c.) refugees and dependents.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āśrita (आश्रित).—p Protected. Employing. Follow- ing. n A dependent or refugee or protegee.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśṛta (अशृत).—a. Uncooked, raw, unripe.

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Aśrita (अश्रित).—a. Ved. Difficult of access.

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Āśrita (आश्रित).—p. p. (Used actively) (with an acc.)

1) Resorting to, having recourse to; स किलाश्रममन्त्यमाश्रितः (sa kilāśramamantyamāśritaḥ) R.8.14; कृष्णाश्रितः (kṛṣṇāśritaḥ) = कृष्णमाश्रितः (kṛṣṇamāśritaḥ) Sk.; मानुषीं तनुमाश्रितम् (mānuṣīṃ tanumāśritam) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 9.11; R.1.13.

2) Dwelling in, inhabiting, seated or resting on, stationing oneself at or on; इदं स्फटिकतल- माश्रितो भवामि (idaṃ sphaṭikatala- māśrito bhavāmi) M.4; so वातायनमाश्रितः पश्यति (vātāyanamāśritaḥ paśyati); द्रव्याश्रितो गुणः (dravyāśrito guṇaḥ) Ak.; R.12.21,1.75; हार°, दुर्ग° (hāra°, durga°) &c.

3) Using, employing.

4) Following, practising, observing; माध्यस्थ्यम्, धर्मम्, प्रवज्याम् (mādhyasthyam, dharmam, pravajyām); कल्पवृक्षा इवाश्रिताः (kalpavṛkṣā ivāśritāḥ) Kumārasambhava 6.6; Bhaṭṭikāvya 7. 42.

5) Receiving anything as an inherent or integral part.

6) Dependent on; राष्ट्रं बाहुबलाश्रितम् (rāṣṭraṃ bāhubalāśritam) Manusmṛti 9.255.

7) Referring to, regarding; भीष्माश्रिताः कथाः (bhīṣmāśritāḥ kathāḥ) Mb.; उवाच धर्मसंयुक्तमश्वमेधाश्रितं वचः (uvāca dharmasaṃyuktamaśvamedhāśritaṃ vacaḥ) Rām.7.91.6.

8) (Passively used) Resorted to, inhabited &c.; चटकाश्रिता शाखा (caṭakāśritā śākhā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1; R.3.11.

-taḥ A dependent servent, follower; अस्मदाश्रितानाम् (asmadāśritānām) H.1; प्रभूणां प्रायश्चलं गौरवमाश्रितेषु (prabhūṇāṃ prāyaścalaṃ gauravamāśriteṣu) Kumārasambhava 3.1.

-tam (pl.) The objects perceived by the senses and mind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āśrita (आश्रित).—(ppp. of ā-śri); see s.v. āśraya 2, 3; according to Burnouf, there cited, the 6 āśritas are la connaissance produite par la vue et par les autres sens…; according to AbhidhK iii.126, = citta-caitta; what gātrāśritānāṃ gṛhaṃ means (Mahāvastu ii.153.2), as applied to vyādhi, is not clear.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśṛta (अशृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Unripe. E. a neg. and śṛta ripe.

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Āśrita (आश्रित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Inhabiting, dwelling in, resorting to as a retreat or asylum. 2. Following, practising, observing. 3. Using, employing, having recourse to. 4. Receiving anything, as an inherent or integral part. 5. Taking one’s station at or on, as at window or a seat, &c. 6. A dependent. E. āṅ before śri to serve, kta affix.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āśṛta (आशृत).—[adjective] little boiled.

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Āśrita (आश्रित).—[adjective] leaning, hanging, depending on; resorting, devoted, subject to ([accusative], [genetive], [locative], or —°), [masculine] dependant, servant; clinging, belonging, relating to ([accusative] or —°); come to, having got, obtained, or taken to ([accusative] or —°), dwelling, seating, standing, lying, situate in or on ([accusative], [locative] or —°); visited, approached, assisted, helped, reached, entered, got, obtained, practised, chosen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśṛta (अशृत):—[=a-śṛta] mfn. uncooked, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) Aśrita (अश्रित):—[=a-śrita] mfn. ? [Ṛg-veda iv, 7, 6.]

3) Āśṛta (आशृत):—[=ā-śṛta] mfn. (√śrā), slightly cooked, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra iv, 3, 7.]

4) Āśrita (आश्रित):—[=ā-śrita] [from ā-śri] mfn. attaching one’s self to, joining

5) [v.s. ...] having recourse to, resorting to as a retreat or asylum, seeking refuge or shelter from

6) [v.s. ...] subject to, depending on [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] relating or belonging to, concerning, [Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] inhabiting, dwelling in, resting on, being anywhere, taking one’s station at, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Yājñavalkya; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] following, practising, observing

10) [v.s. ...] using, employing

11) [v.s. ...] receiving anything as an inherent or integral part, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Kumāra-sambhava; Pañcatantra] etc.

12) [v.s. ...] regarding, respecting, [Bhagavad-gītā; Rāmāyaṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] taken or sought as a refuge or shelter, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

14) [v.s. ...] inhabited, occupied, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcatantra; Raghuvaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] chosen, preferred, taken as rule, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

16) [v.s. ...] m. a dependant, subject, servant, follower, [Kumāra-sambhava; Hitopadeśa; Yājñavalkya etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] n. (with Buddhists) an object perceived by the senses and manas or mind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśṛta (अशृत):—[a-śṛta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Unripe.

2) Āśrita (आश्रित):—[ā-śrita] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Having taken refuge; practising; dependant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āśrita (आश्रित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Assiya, Āsia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashrita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āśrita (आश्रित) [Also spelled asrit]:—(a) depending or relying on; enjoying the support of; (nm) a dependent, refugee; protege; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āśrita (ಆಶ್ರಿತ):—

1) [adjective] being under the protection of, depending on, relying on another for support or aid; dependent.

2) [adjective] originated from.

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Āśrita (ಆಶ್ರಿತ):—[noun] (masc.) one who seeks or is under another’s protection, support or care; a protégé; a refugee; a dependant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Āśrita (आश्रित):—adj. 1. supported; 2. dependent; 3. relying; finding sanctuary;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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