Ashritya, Āśritya, Āsṛtya: 9 definitions


Ashritya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Āśritya and Āsṛtya can be transliterated into English as Asritya or Ashritya or Asrtya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Āsṛtya (आसृत्य) means “having taken up”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala verse 2.19.65cd-66.—Accordingly, “O goddess, there are (countless) hundreds of particular waves in the exhaled and inhaled breath. Having taken up [i.e., sama-āsṛtya] the modality in the middle (between the two breaths) where that Śāmbhavī energy that is brilliant like (pure white) snow (is located)....”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Ashritya in Yoga glossary
Source: The Tantric Śaiva Origins of Rājayoga

Āsṛtya (आसृत्य) means “having adopted”, according to the Kaulajñānanirṇaya (17.36–38ab) which is attributed to Matsyendranātha, one of the supposed founders of Haṭhayoga.—Accordingly, “When one knows the self by the self, the self can take on any form at will. Theself is the supreme deity. He by whom this is known is the king of yogins. He is said to be Śiva. He is clearly liberated and may liberate another. O goddess, he is always very pure, like a lotus in the mud. Having adopted [i.e., āsṛtya] a mortal body, he sports in the world as a Śiva”.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Āśritya (आश्रित्य) refers to “having established” (the state in that which is free of all states), according to the Sarvajñānottara verse 20.34-39.—Accordingly, while discussing the culmination of detachment (for the process of attaining the no-mind state): “[...] Having established (āśritya) his state in that which is free of all states, he makes his state supportless. Having made the mind no-mind, he thinks of nothing whatsoever. He should meditate on the self [as] neither conceivable nor inconceivable and [as] both. He knows the self to be free from all partialities. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ashritya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Āśritya (आश्रित्य) means “following” (i.e., to follow/adopt a particular convention), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.9.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Sage Nārada:—“[...] Burning Kāma there by His fiery eye, on remembering my words, the lord became angry with me and vanished from the scene. After sometime, Lord Śiva quelled the pride of Pārvatī but he was propitiated by her again performing great penance. Following [i.e., āśritya] the conventions of the world, the lord married Pārvatī after being sponsored by Viṣṇu. Then everything auspicious ensued. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Āśritya (आश्रित्य) refers to “having adopted (residence) (in the Liṅga)”, according to the 9th-century Sarvajñānottaratantra chapter 18.—Accordingly, “Next, I shall teach the best observance among observances, which is known as the Śiva-vrata and which is revered by Asuras and Gods alike. [...] Next, I shall teach the characteristics of a temple of Śiva, as well as [how to perform] the installation of the liṅga, in which the universe is [itself] ‘installed’. All the gods, beginning with Brahmā, reside in the Liṅga (āśrityaliṅgam āśritya saṃsthitāḥ); therefore a Yogin who venerates his guru, God and the fire and who has performed his vidyāvrata should install the liṅga, following the procedure taught in scripture. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Āśritya (आश्रित्य) refers to “(that which is) based (on a particular view)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[Digression on a case brought against the Buddha; B. The defense].—[7. Silence on the Fourteen Difficult Questions].—The Buddha did not answer fourteen difficult questions.— Furthermore, being based (āśritya) on the eternalist view (śāśvatadṛṣṭi) or the nihilist view (ucchedadṛṣṭi), the heretics asked the questions of eternalism or nihilism, but since any real nature (satyalakṣaṇa) is absent in them, the Buddha did not reply. The eternal nature (nityalakṣaṇa) and the non-eternal nature (anityalakṣaṇa) seen by these heretics have no reality. Why? The heretics grasp (udgṛhṇatudgṛhṇanti) these natures and become attached to them, saying: ‘This is eternal, that is nothingness’. As for the Buddha, he too speaks of eternal nature and non-eternal nature, but merely by way of refutation (pratipakṣa). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āśritya (आश्रित्य).—ind. 1. Having sought or obtained an asylum. 2. Having recourse to, employing, practising. E. āṅ before śri to serve, lyap affix, tuk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āśritya (आश्रित्य).—[gerund] resorting to, taking care of ([accusative]), often = because or for the sake of.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āśritya (आश्रित्य):—[=ā-śritya] [from ā-śri] [indeclinable participle] having sought or obtained an asylum

2) [v.s. ...] having recourse to, employing, practising, etc.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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