Arta, Ārta: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Arta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Ārta (आर्त) refers to “one who approaches Bhagavān in a mood of distress (7.16)”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ārta (आर्त) refers to “distressed” and represents one of the “four meritorious persons”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.43.—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Dakṣa:—“[...] four kinds of meritorious persons worship me always. O patriarch Dakṣa, the latter are greater than the former. They are—the distressed (i.e., ārta), the inquisitive, the fortune-seeker and the wise. The first three are ordinary and the fourth one is extraordinary person. The wise among these four is a great favourite of mine. He is of my own form. None is dearer to me than the wise. It is the truth. I tell you the truth”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ārta (आर्त).—a. [ā-ṛ-kta]

1) Afflicted with, struck by, suffering from, pained by; सा त्रियामा तदार्तस्य चन्द्रमण्डल- मण्डिता (sā triyāmā tadārtasya candramaṇḍala- maṇḍitā) Rām.2.13.15; usually in comp., कामार्त, क्षुधार्त, तृषार्त (kāmārta, kṣudhārta, tṛṣārta) &c.

2) Sick, diseased; आर्तस्य यथौषधम् (ārtasya yathauṣadham) R.1.28; Ms.4.236.

3) Distressed, afflicted, struck by calamity, oppressed, unhappy; आर्तो जिज्ञासुरर्थार्थी (ārto jijñāsurarthārthī) Bg.7.16; आर्तत्राणाय वः शस्त्रं न प्रहर्तुमनागसि (ārtatrāṇāya vaḥ śastraṃ na prahartumanāgasi) Ś.1.11; R.2.28,8.31, 12.1,32.

4) Perishable (vināśin ato'nyadārtam) Bṛ. Up.3.4.2.

5) Inconvenient; आर्ता यस्मिन् काले भवन्ति स आर्तः कालः (ārtā yasmin kāle bhavanti sa ārtaḥ kālaḥ) | ŚB. on MS.6.5.37.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārta (आर्त).—[adjective] fallen into (mischief); afflicted, distressed, pained, troubled by (—°), suffering, sick, sore, unhappy; [abstract] † [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ārta (आर्त):—[from ār] a mfn. (optionally also written ārtta, whence erroneously derived [from] √ṛt or even regarded as irreg. formation [from] √ard; See also Weber in [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa p.339, l. 20 ff.]) fallen into (misfortune), struck by calamity, afflicted, pained, disturbed

2) [v.s. ...] injured

3) [v.s. ...] oppressed, suffering, sick, unhappy, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā; Raghuvaṃśa etc.]

4) b etc. See 2. ār (ā-√ṛ).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ārta (आर्त):—(von ar mit ā) partic. betroffen (von unglücklichen Zufällen), versehrt, gestört, dem ein Leid angethan worden ist, bedrängt, leidend, krank, unglücklich: ārtāyā vai mṛtāyā udarato nirūhanti [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4, 5, 2, 3.] ārtametadrūpaṃ yatkṛṣṇam [8, 7, 2, 16. 11, 8, 3, 3. 12, 4, 2, 1.] ārtaṃ vā etatpayo yannivānyavatsāyā ārtametadagnihotraṃ yanmṛtasya tadārtenaiva tadārtaṃ niṣkṛtya śreyānbhavāta [?5, 1, 4. 14, 6, 4, 1. 7, 31 = Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad 3, 5, 1. 7, 23.] ato nyadārtam [3, 4, 2. 3, 5.] yadā kadācidārtāya [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 94.] ārtapātra [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 6, 4, 18, 6.] nārto pyapavadedviprān [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 236. 2, 161. 226.] na (aśnīyāt) grāmajātānyārto pi mūlāni ca phalāni ca [6, 16. 7, 93. 8, 67. 163. 215. 216. 217. 313. 395. 10, 106. 11, 36. 202.] [Nalopākhyāna 8, 24. 9, 24. 12, 80.] [Indralokāgamana 5, 44.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 2, 14. 3, 10, 20.] ārtatrāṇāya vaḥ śastraṃ na prahartumanāgāsi [Śākuntala 11. 154.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 28] (dveṣyo pi saṃmataḥ śiṣṭastasyārtasya yathauṣadham). [2, 28. 8, 31.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 227.] paramārtavat [Daśaratha’s Tod 1, 46.] ārtatara [Nalopākhyāna 13, 38.] bhṛśamārtatarāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 77, 19.] ārtaśabda Klageruf [41, 1.] ārtasvara dass. [Śākuntala 92, 21.] adj. [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 15, 30.] ārtanāda [Śākuntala 92, 21, v. l.] ārtarūpa [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 51, 43. 5, 13, 71.] Sehr häufig in comp. mit dem Begriff, der das Leiden verursacht: prahārārta [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 248.] vyādhyārta [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 64.] rogārta [9, 78.] kṣudhārta [10, 107. 108.] śramārta, kāmārta [8, 67.] śūlārta [Suśruta 1, 120, 6.] uṣṇārta [186, 4.] śītajvarārta [?290, 10. - Nalopākhyāna 7, 16. 9, 28. 11, 13. 16. 32. 15, 10. Hiḍimbavadha 1, 4. 2, 5. Rāmāyaṇa 1, 2, 19. 48, 17] (kāmārta st. kāmārtha zu lesen). [2, 47, 3.] [Hitopadeśa I, 90. 20, 13.] [Raghuvaṃśa 12, 10. 32.] [Meghadūta 5.] — anārta unversehrt: anārtaṃ svastyudṛcamaśnute [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 3, 1, 20. 8, 7, 2, 16. 10, 3, 5, 8.] etadvai vanaspatīnāmanārtaṃ jīvaṃ yadārdram [9, 2, 2, 3. 1, 3, 1, 19. 9, 3, 19. 3, 6, 1, 29. 7, 4, 10.] manasanānārtena [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 25, 8, 6.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ārta (आर्त):—Partic. hineingerathen (in eine unglückliche Lage) , niedergeschlagen , krank , versehrt , gestört , bedroht , leidend. Häufig in Comp. mit dem , was das Leid verursacht. paramārtavat Adv. sehr niedergeschlagen [95,7.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ārṭa (आर्ट) [Also spelled art]:—(nm) art; -[gailarī] an artgallery; —[pepara] art paper.

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