Ahata, Āhaṭa, Āhata: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ahata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aahat.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Āhata (आहत, “struck”) refers to one of the fifteen aspects of gamaka (embellishments, ornamentation) that are used in Indian classical music (gāndharva), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.83-94. These gamakas refer to essential elements of the sthāyas (technical phrases) of rāgas (melodic modes). Accordingly, “that which mvoes to the next higher note and quickly returns to the original note is the āhata embellishment, which sounds like a splashing fountain”.

Source: archive.org: Northern Indian Music Volume I

Āhata (आहत, “struck”) refers to one of the gamakas (graces):—“Striking a neighbouring note and coming back is known as struck (āhata)”. (Saṅgītaratnākara 2.3.93) “Striking the next highest note, touching it slightly, and quickly coming back is called struck (āhata)”. (Siṃhabhūpāla’s commentary on Saṅgītaratnākara 2.3.93)

Mataṅga calls this ornament (āhata-gamaka) the point (bindu): “When, after remaining a long time on a note such as Sa (Do), one touches with the speed of fire a higher note, remains there but for a semi-quaver (kāla = ¼ mātrā) and again comes down to the original Sa, this is the point (bindu)”. (Bṛhaddeśī, commentary on 1.120)

A succession of āhatas makes a sort of sobbing trill, called gadgadita (sobbing), much used in Indian music.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Ahata (अहत) is a general name for “new clothes” once commonly made by craftsmen in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Craftsmen and their tools are referred to in the Nīlamata which enjoins upon the inhabitants of Kaśmīra the worship of Viśvakarmā—the originator of all crafts.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ahata (अहत).—Unwashed cloths, to be given in śrāddha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 80. 4, 37.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Sound is produced through contact, vibration and obstruction. This is called āhata.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ahata : (adj.) new; not spoiled. || āhata (pp. of āhanati), struck; affected with; afflicted. āhaṭa (pp. of āharati) brought.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āhata, (pp. of āhanati) struck, beaten, stamped; afflicted, affected with (-°) Vin.IV, 236 = D.III, 238 (kupito anattamano āhata-citto); Vin.I, 75, 76; S.I, 170 (tilak°, so read for tilakā-hata, affected with freckles, C. kāḷa-setādi vaṇṇehi tilakehi āhatagatta, K. S. p. 318); J III 456; Sdhp.187, 401. (Page 116)

— or —

Āhaṭa, (pp. of āharati) brought, carried, obtained Vin.I, 121; III, 53; D.II, 180 (spelt āhata); J.III, 512 (gloss ānīta); Dāvs.I, 58. (Page 116)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āhata (आहत).—p S Struck, beaten, hit.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āhata (आहत).—p Struck, hit.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ahata (अहत).—a.

1) Not hurt or struck, uninjured; अजीतोऽहतो अक्षतोऽध्यष्ठां पृथिवीमहम् (ajīto'hato akṣato'dhyaṣṭhāṃ pṛthivīmaham) Av.12.1.11.

2) Unbeaten (as cloth in washing). अहतं वासः परिधत्ते (ahataṃ vāsaḥ paridhatte) Tait. S.

3) Unwashed, new बभूवुस्ते भृशं प्रीताः सर्वे चाहतवाससः (babhūvuste bhṛśaṃ prītāḥ sarve cāhatavāsasaḥ) Rām.2. 91.64.

4) Unblemished, unsoiled.

5) Not frustrated or disappointed (as hopes &c.)

6) Not beaten (as a drum) अहतायां प्रयाणभेर्याम् (ahatāyāṃ prayāṇabheryām) K.

-tam An unwashed or new cloth; cf. अप्रहत (aprahata).

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Āhata (आहत).—p. p.

1) Struck, beaten (as a drum &c.); हदये दिग्धशरैरिवाहतः (hadaye digdhaśarairivāhataḥ) Ku.4.25,3; R.4.23,12.77.

2) Trodden; पादाहतं यदुत्थाय मूर्धानमधिरोहति (pādāhataṃ yadutthāya mūrdhānamadhirohati) Śi.2.46; गजदन्ता- हता वृक्षाः (gajadantā- hatā vṛkṣāḥ) Rām.

3) Injured, killed.

4) Dispelled, destroyed, removed.

5) Multiplied (in Math.) सूर्याब्धि- संख्यया द्वित्रिसागरैरयुताहतैः (sūryābdhi- saṃkhyayā dvitrisāgarairayutāhataiḥ) Sūrya Ś.; एकैकमब्देषु नवाहतेषु (ekaikamabdeṣu navāhateṣu) Bṛ. S.8.22.

5) Known, understood.

6) Rolled (as dice).

7) Uttered falsely.

-taḥ A drum.

-tam 1 A new cloth or garment.

2) An old garment.

3) A nonsensical or meaningless speech, an assertion of impossibility; e. g. एष वन्ध्यासुतो याति (eṣa vandhyāsuto yāti) Śubhāṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ahata (अहत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Unhurt, uninjured, not struck or killed. 2. Unblemished, unsoiled. n.

(-taṃ) New clothes. E. a neg. and hata hurt, part. past of han.

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Āhata (आहत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Struck, beaten. 2. Injured, killed. 3. Multiplied. 4. Known, understood. 5. Uttered falsely. n.

(-taṃ) 1. Old cloth or raiment. 2. New cloth or clothes. 3. Assertion of an impossibility. m.

(-taḥ) A drum. E. āṅ, before han to hurt or injure, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ahata (अहत).—[adjective] not beaten, not washed, new (cloth).

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Āhata (आहत).—[adjective] beaten, struck, hurt, wounded, damaged, injured.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ahata (अहत):—[=a-hata] mfn. unhurt, uninjured, [Atharva-veda xii, 1, 11; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] not beaten (as a drum), [Adbhuta-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] unbeaten (as clothes in washing), unwashed, new, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] unblemished, unsoiled, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] n. unwashed or new clothes.

6) Āhata (आहत):—[=ā-hata] [from ā-han] mfn. struck, beaten, hit, hurt, [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa; Kumāra-sambhava; Kathāsaritsāgara; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] fastened, fixed, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

8) [v.s. ...] beaten, caused to sound (as a drum etc.), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] crushed, rubbed, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

10) [v.s. ...] rendered null, destroyed, frustrated, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

11) [v.s. ...] multiplied, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

12) [v.s. ...] hit, blunted (said of a Visarga, when changed to o), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] uttered falsely, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] known, understood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] repeated, mentioned, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] m. a drum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] n. old cloth or raiment, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] new cloth or clothes, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] assertion of an impossibility, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ahata (अहत):—[a-hata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Unhurt, unsoiled. (taṃ) n. New clothes.

2) Āhata (आहत):—[ā-hata] (taṃ) 1. n. Old or new cloth; assertion of impossibility. m. A drum. a. Multiplied; hurt; known.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ahata (अहत):—(3. a + hata von han)

1) adj. a) nicht verletzt [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 19, 11.] — b) nicht geschlagen (von einer Trommel): ahatāni varmāṇi [ADBH. BR.] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 41, 15.] — c) beim Waschen nicht geschlagen, ungewaschen, neu; von einem Kleide [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 1, 2, 19. 13, 8, 4, 6. 14, 9, 4, 12] [?(= Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad 6, 4, 13). Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4, 7, 12. 5, 1, 22. 7, 2, 17. Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 8. 9. 18. 76. 79. 94. Mahābhārata 2, 99. Suśruta 1, 316, 11.] —

2) n. ein ungewaschenes, neues Kleid [Halāyudha] und [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] ahatapakṣa [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 21, 3, 7.]

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Āhata (आहत):—

1) adj. s. u. han mit ā . —

2) m. Trommel [Medinīkoṣa t. 90.] —

3) n. ein altes oder neues Kleid [Medinīkoṣa t. 90.] Vgl. ahata und anāhata .

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Ahata (अहत):—

1) a) tviṣ so v. a. nicht verwischt [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 69, 9.] — c) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 53, 11. 75, 22.] — Vgl. āhata und anāhata .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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