Ahimsa, aka: Ahimsā, Ahiṃsā; 14 Definition(s)
Ahimsa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ahiṃsā (अहिंसा).—Non-injury. There are opinions both in favour of and against Ahiṃsā in the purāṇas. Śukrācārya extols the importance of Ahiṃsā to the asuras (demons) thus:
"bho! devaripavaḥ satyaṃ bravīmi bhavatāṃ hitam ahiṃsā paramo dharmo hantavyā hyātatāyinaḥ dvijairbhogaratairvede darśitaṃ hiṃsanam paśoḥ jihvāsvādaparaiḥ kāma—mahiṃsaiva parā matā."
"Oh, foes of the devas, I shall tell you the truth which is good for you. Non-injury to any living being is the most righteous thing. Do not molest even those who come to kill you. Even that act would be 'hiṃsā' (injury). It was those brahmins who were attached to worldly pleasures and addicted to overeating that enjoined in the Vedas that hiṃsā is permissible for yāgas." (Devī Bhāgavata, Skanda 4). Mārkaṇḍeya Muni (sage) says thus: "Why should I mind the innumerable killings going on unnoticed in this world full of life. People of old speak very sacredly about Ahiṃsā. But O best of brahmins, who can live in this world without injury to another life?" (Mahābhārata, Araṇya Parva, Ślokas 32 & 33, Chapter 208).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 29. 69; 30, 35; III. 23. 51, 68 and 72.
- 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 18. 15-16; Matsya-purāṇa 61. 15; 106. 48; 143. 12-13 and 30.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Ahiṃsā (अहिंसा) refers to “non violence”, but more specifically, it means not to be vindictive towards anybody. It forms an important part in the concept of value. It is the opposite of violence, hurting (hiṃsā). It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Ahimsa is a Sanskrit term meaning to do no harm (literally: the avoidance of violence—himsa). It is an important tenet of the religions that originated in ancient India (Hinduism, Buddhism and especially Jainism). Ahimsa is a rule of conduct that bars the killing or injuring of living beings. It is closely connected with the notion that all kinds of violence entail negative karmic consequences. The extent to which the principle of non violence can or should be applied to different life forms is controversial between various authorities, movements and currents within the three religions and has been a matter of debate for thousands of years. Though the origins of the concept of ahimsa are unknown,
The earliest references to ahimsa are found in the texts of historical Vedic religion, dated to 8th century BCE. Here, ahimsa initially relates to “non injury” without a moral connotation, but later to non violence to animals and then, to all beings.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
s. avihimsā.(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)
Ahiṃsā (अहिंसा, “non-violence”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., ahiṃsā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Non violence(Source): Buddhism Tourism: Glossary of Buddhist Terms
General definition (in Jainism)
Ahimsa in Jainism emphasizes vegetarianism and bans hunting and ritual sacrifice. Jains go out of their way so as not to hurt even small insects and other minuscule animals and make considerable efforts not to injure plants in everyday life as far as possible. In accordance to this policy, eating of some foods, whose cultivation harms small insects and worms as well as agriculture itself, is to be abstained from. Violence in self defense, criminal law, and war are accepted by Hindus and Jains. Though ahimsa is not used as a technical term in Buddhism unlike the other two religions, it condemns ritual sacrifice and violence, and moral codes emphasize the importance of not taking life.(Source): WikiPedia: Jainism
Ahiṃsā (अहिंसा, “non-violence”) refers to a moral principles governing a Jain life according Jain ethical conduct (nītiśāstra).—Right conduct is necessary for the spiritual progress of man. The most important thing in Jainism is the practice of non-violence (ahiṃsā), or abstaining from inflicting injury on any being. It is required that the principle of ahiṃsā should be followed in thought, word and deed.(Source): Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Indian Ethics: Individual and Social (jainism)
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
ahiṃsā : (f.) non-hurting.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Ahiṃsā, (f.) (a + hiṃsā) not hurting, humanity, kindness D.III, 147; A.I, 151; Dh.261, 270; J.IV, 71; Miln.402. (Page 92)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
ahiṃsā (अहिंसा).—f (S) Non-destruction of life (for the sustenance of man; vegetarianism. 2 Harmlessness towards all living creatures; innocence of bloodshedding.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ahiṃsā (अहिंसा).—f Non-destruction of life.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Harmlessness, abstaining from killing or giving pain to others in thought, word or deed; as अहिंसा परमो धर्मः, अहिंसा समता तुष्टिः (ahiṃsā paramo dharmaḥ, ahiṃsā samatā tuṣṭiḥ) Bg.1.5; यत्तपो दानमार्जवमहिंसा (yattapo dānamārjavamahiṃsā) Ch. Up.3.17.4. Ms.1.63. या वेदविहिता हिंसा नियताऽ- स्मिंश्चराचरे । अहिंसामेव तां विद्याद्वेदाद्धर्मो हि निर्बभौ (yā vedavihitā hiṃsā niyatā'- smiṃścarācare | ahiṃsāmeva tāṃ vidyādvedāddharmo hi nirbabhau) || Ms.5.44. 6.75. One of the cardinal virtues of most Hindu sects, The Jainas deserve special credit for making it social virtue of good conduct among the Hindus.
2) Security.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 29 books and stories containing Ahimsa, Ahimsā or Ahiṃsā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 21 - Jaina Yoga < [Chapter VI - The Jaina Philosophy]
Part 23 - Yoga Purificatory Practices (Parikarma) < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Part 6 - Yoga and Patañjali < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Yoga Sutras with Vedanta Commentaries (by Patañjali)
Sūtras 33-37 < [Part II - Yoga and its Practice]
Sūtras 28-30 < [Part II - Yoga and its Practice]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter V.f - Means of liberation (the three jewels) < [Chapter V - Bondage and Liberation]
Chapter V.a - Bondage (bandha) and its causes < [Chapter V - Bondage and Liberation]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 12.83 < [Section X - The Highest Good]
Verse 11.222 < [Section XXIX - Description of the Expiatory Penances]
Verse 10.63 < [Section VIII - Improvement in the Status of Castes]
A Happy Married Life (by Venerable K. Sri Dhammananda)
Parama Samhita (English translation) (by Krishnaswami Aiyangar)