Vasantatilaka, Vasanta-tilaka, Vasantatilakā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vasantatilaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vasantatilaka in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vasantatilakā (वसन्ततिलका) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first two, the fourth, the eighth and the eleventh and the thirteenth and the fourteenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).

⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦
⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦

Vasantatilakā falls in the Śakkarī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing fourteen syllables each.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre, Vasantatilaka contains fourteen syllables in each quarter and the gaṇas therein are ta, bha, ja, ja, ga and ga respectively. Illustrations of these metre are found to be greatest in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vasantatilaka in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (e.g., Vasantatilaka) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Vasantatilakā corresponds to Uddharśiṇī (according to Saitava), Siṃhonnatā (according to Kāśyapa). Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

3) Vasantatilakā (वसन्ततिलका) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Vasantatilakā) in 20 verses.

4) Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., vasanta-tilaka) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

5) Vasantatilakā (वसन्ततिलका) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

6) Vasantatilakā (वसन्ततिलका) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the vasanta-tilakā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vasantatilaka in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक) is name of ancient Cedi king, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 113. Accordingly, as Kaśyapa said to Naravāhanadatta: “... and the sovereign named Viśvāntara, who was emperor here, he too, when his son, Indīvarākṣa, had been slain by Vasantatilaka, the King of Cedi, for seducing his wife, being wanting in self-control, died on account of the distracting sorrow which he felt for the death of his wicked son”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vasantatilaka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vasantatilaka in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक) or Vasantatilakarasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, Kāsaroga: cough-related-diseases). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., vasantatilaka-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vasantatilaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक).—the ornament of the spring; फुल्लं वसन्ततिलकं तिलकं वनाल्याः (phullaṃ vasantatilakaṃ tilakaṃ vanālyāḥ) Chand. M.5.

-kaḥ -kā -kam Name of a metre.

Derivable forms: vasantatilakaḥ (वसन्ततिलकः), vasantatilakam (वसन्ततिलकम्).

Vasantatilaka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vasanta and tilaka (तिलक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक).—[neuter] [Name] of a metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—bhāṇa, by Varadācārya. Io. 3188. L. 116. Burnell. 172^a. Taylor. 1, 87. 223. 333. Oppert. 149. 610. 1166. 1564. 2427. 2696. 4445. 5157. 6660. 6784. 6839. 6994. 7632. 7777. 8232. Ii, 479. 2575. 3264. 3795. 6417. 6698. 8345. 8940. 9088. 9755. Rice. 264. Bühler 542. Sb. 311.

2) Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक):—bhāṇa, by Varadācārya. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 82. Hz. 471. 595.

3) Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक):—bhāṇa, by Varadācārya, son of Sudarśana. Ulwar 1023.

4) Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक):—bhāṇa by Varadācārya. Hz. 1331.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक):—[=vasanta-tilaka] [from vasanta > vas] n. the ornament of spring, [Chandomañjarī]

2) [v.s. ...] the blossom of the Tilaka, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] mixture, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] f(ā)n. a kind of metre (four times ¯ ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ˘ ˘ ¯ ˘ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯), [Piṅgala Scholiast, i.e. halāyudha]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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