Vasas, Vāsas: 15 definitions


Vasas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vāsas (वासस्) refers to “drapery” and is one of the four types of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Alaṃkāra represents one of the categories of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Vāsas (वासस्) is a general name for “clothing” once commonly made by craftsmen in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Craftsmen and their tools are referred to in the Nīlamata which enjoins upon the inhabitants of Kaśmīra the worship of Viśvakarmā—the originator of all crafts.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vāsas (वासस्) refers to “(divine) clothes” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.31 (“Description of Śiva’s magic”).—Accordingly, after the Gods eulogised Śiva: “Then the lord Śiva who is favourably disposed to his devotees, the lord of magic and free from aberrations went to the lord of mountains. When the lord of the mountains was seated in his royal assembly along with Pārvatī and kinsmen, Sadāśiva came there, in the meantime bearing a staff and an umbrella. He was dressed in divine clothes (divya-vāsas) and had a shining mark on the forehead. [...]”

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Vāsas (वासस्) refers to “cloth” (of yellow colour) and represents one of the items offered to the priests, according to the grahaśānti (cf. grahayajña) section of the Yājñavalkyasmṛti (1.295-309), preceded by the section called vināyakakalpa (1.271-294), prescribing a rite to be offered to Vināyaka.—[verse 306: Gifts to priests]—It seems that when a specific graha was chosen as the object of appeasement, the gift (dakṣiṇā) [i.e., vāsas] prescribed for each graha was to be given to the priest(s) who performed the śānti ritual.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Vāsas (वासस्) refers to a “dress ”, according to the 9th-century Sarvajñānottaratantra chapter 18.—Accordingly, “Next, I shall teach the best observance among observances, which is known as the Śiva-vrata and which is revered by Asuras and Gods alike. Pure pale ash [should be used, and] white dress (śukla-vāsas) and unguents; he should wear a white sacred thread and be adorned by a chignon of matted locks. He should be equipped with all [suitable] ornaments, [and] adorned with white garlands; he should consume [only the pure ritual gruel-offering known as] caru; he should observe the chaste conduct of a student; he should venerate Śiva, the fire and his Guru. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Vāsas (वासस्) refers to a “garment”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “An abnormal modification caused by a aggressive ritual against Kings, occurring at the improper time, dreadful and all-reaching, is characterized by the these signs: [...] [the King] is so deluded that he himself forgets the dos and don’ts; in a dream he sees himself with a shaven head and clad in a dark blue garment (nīla-vāsas), travelling towards the southern direction on a cart pulled by a donkey; from such and other signs he should understand that the enemy is performing a aggressive ritual”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Vāsas (वासस्) refers to “cloth” (for covering the wings of the hawk) (as part of its training), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the training of hawks]: “In calling the hawk, either its wings should be tied or it should be covered with cloth (vāsas). When it comes it should be rewarded by food, so that it may not be disappointed. [...] If highly fed, they grow naughty ; if starved, they do not grow attached or strong. Birds of this clas are like low people. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vāsas (वासस्).—[vas-āchādane asi ṇiñca]

1) A cloth, garment, clothes; वासांसि जीर्णानि यथा विहाय नवानि गृङ्णाति नरोऽपराणि (vāsāṃsi jīrṇāni yathā vihāya navāni gṛṅṇāti naro'parāṇi) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.22; Kumārasambhava 7.9; Meghadūta 61.

2) A pall.

3) A curtain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāsas (वासस्).—n.

(-saḥ) Cloth, clothes. E. vas to cover or clothe, aff. asun .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāsas (वासस्).—i. e. 3. vas + as, n. 1. Cloth, clothes, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 38. 2. Curtain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 13, 29 (read vāsobhiḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāsas (वासस्).—1. [neuter] garment, dress; [dual] under and upper garment.

--- OR ---

Vāsas (वासस्).—2. [neuter] night-quarters.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vāsas (वासस्):—[from vāsa] 1. vāsas n. (for 2. See [column]2) cloth, clothes, dress, a garment ([dual number] an upper and under garment; cf. vāso-yuga), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the ‘clothing’ or feathers of an arrow, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (only ifc.; cf. barhiṇa-v)

3) [v.s. ...] cotton, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a pall, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] a screen, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] (with markaṭasya) a cobweb, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] [dual number] (with samudrasya) Name of two Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

8) [from vāsa] 2. vāsas n. lodging for the night, night-quarters, [Praśna-upaniṣad]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāsas (वासस्):—(saḥ) 5. n. Cloth, clothes.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vāsas (वासस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vāsa, Vāsasa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vasas in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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