Virasena, Vīrasena, Vira-sena: 12 definitions

Introduction

Virasena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Virasena in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vīrasena (वीरसेन).—The father of Nala. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 115, Stanza 65, that this King did not eat meat. (For further details see under Damayantī).

2) Vīrasena (वीरसेन).—A King of Kosala. (See under Candrasena I).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vīrasena (वीरसेन).—A Brahman sage who was invited for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 74. 9.

1b) A son of Ṛtuparṇa, and father of Sudāsa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 174.

1c) His son Nala, to be distinguished from the friend of the Ikṣvākus.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 175.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vīrasena (वीरसेन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.116.68, XIII.115) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vīrasena) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (V) next»] — Virasena in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vīrasena (वीरसेन) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a tripple-power warrior (triguṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Vīrasena, and others], these princes are of triple power”.

In chapter 48, Vīrasena was slain by Hariśarman, who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side. Accordingly: “... then a fight took place between those Vidyādhara princes on the one side and Prabhāsa and his comrades on the other, in which there was a great slaughter of soldiers. And in the single combats between the two hosts many warriors were slain on both sides, men, Asuras and Vidyādharas. Vīrasena slew Dhūmralocana and his followers, but, having been deprived of his chariot, he was in his turn killed by Hariśarman”.

The story of Vīrasena was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vīrasena, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4U: Sectarian Differences In Jain Order (II)

Vīrasena (वीरसेन).—After suppressing the rule of the Kuṣāṇas, Vīrasena the king of Bhāraśiva Nāga dynasty, divided his kingdom among his three sons and gave Kāntipurī to Hayanāga, Padmāvati to Bhimanāga and Mathura to his third son whose name is unknown.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Vīrasena (वीरसेन) is an example of a name based on abstract qualities mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Vīrasena) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Gupta inscription No. 6 mentions Vīrasena, the child of Kutsa, the minister for peace and war under Candragupta II, who knew the meanings of the words, and logic, and (the ways of) mankind, who was a poet and who belonged to (the city of) Pāṭaliputra.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vīrasena (वीरसेन).—Name of the father of Nala.

Derivable forms: vīrasenaḥ (वीरसेनः).

Vīrasena is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vīra and sena (सेन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vīrasena (वीरसेन).—(1) name of a Buddha: Śikṣāsamuccaya 169.8; (2) name of a Bodhisattva: Samādhirājasūtra p. 36 line 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīrasena (वीरसेन).—m.

(-naḥ) The father of Nala Raja. E. vīra a hero, senā a host.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Vīrasena (वीरसेन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—(Oxf. 329^a Vīrasoma): Hastivaidyaka. Quoted by Bhaṭṭotpala on Bṛhajjātaka 1, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vīrasena (वीरसेन):—[=vīra-sena] [from vīra > vīr] m. ‘having an army of heroes’, Name of a Dānava, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] of a king of Niṣadha (father of Nala), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] of a king of Siṃhala, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] of a king of Murala, [Daśakumāra-carita]

5) [v.s. ...] of a king of Kānyakubja, [Hitopadeśa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a k° of Kaliṅga (the murderer of his brother), [Vāsavadattā, [Introduction]]

7) [v.s. ...] of a general of Agni-mitra, [Mālavikāgnimitra]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vigatāśoka, [Buddhist literature]

9) [v.s. ...] of an author, [Catalogue(s)]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a poet (400 [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]D.), [Inscriptions]

11) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a [particular] plant (= āruka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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