Virasena, aka: Vīrasena, Vira-sena; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Virasena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Virasena in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1a) Vīrasena (वीरसेन).—A Brahman sage who was invited for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 74. 9.

1b) A son of Ṛtuparṇa, and father of Sudāsa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 174.

1c) His son Nala, to be distinguished from the friend of the Ikṣvākus.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 175.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vīrasena (वीरसेन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.116.68, XIII.115) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vīrasena) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Virasena in Katha glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vīrasena (वीरसेन) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a tripple-power warrior (triguṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Vīrasena, and others], these princes are of triple power”.

In chapter 48, Vīrasena was slain by Hariśarman, who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side. Accordingly: “... then a fight took place between those Vidyādhara princes on the one side and Prabhāsa and his comrades on the other, in which there was a great slaughter of soldiers. And in the single combats between the two hosts many warriors were slain on both sides, men, Asuras and Vidyādharas. Vīrasena slew Dhūmralocana and his followers, but, having been deprived of his chariot, he was in his turn killed by Hariśarman”.

The story of Vīrasena was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vīrasena, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Virasena in Jainism glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vīrasena (वीरसेन).—After suppressing the rule of the Kuṣāṇas, Vīrasena the king of Bhāraśiva Nāga dynasty, divided his kingdom among his three sons and gave Kāntipurī to Hayanāga, Padmāvati to Bhimanāga and Mathura to his third son whose name is unknown.

Source: HereNow4U: Sectarian Differences In Jain Order (II)
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Vīrasena (वीरसेन) is an example of a name based on abstract qualities mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Vīrasena) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Gupta inscription No. 6 mentions Vīrasena, the child of Kutsa, the minister for peace and war under Candragupta II, who knew the meanings of the words, and logic, and (the ways of) mankind, who was a poet and who belonged to (the city of) Pāṭaliputra.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Virasena in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vīrasena (वीरसेन).—Name of the father of Nala.

Derivable forms: vīrasenaḥ (वीरसेनः).

Vīrasena is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vīra and sena (सेन).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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