Abhinishtana, Abhiniṣṭāna: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Abhinishtana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Abhiniṣṭāna can be transliterated into English as Abhinistana or Abhinishtana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Abhinishtana in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Abhiniṣṭāna (अभिनिष्टान).—Resonance (of a visarga utterance).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhinishtana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhiniṣṭāna (अभिनिष्टान).—[stan-ghañ, sasya ca ṣatvam abhiniśaḥ stanaḥ śabdasaṃjñāyāṃ P.VIII.3.86]

1) A sound which dies away; विसर्जनीयोऽभिनिष्टानः (visarjanīyo'bhiniṣṭānaḥ).

2) A letter or the alphabet (°no varṇaḥ).

3) The Visarga.

Derivable forms: abhiniṣṭānaḥ (अभिनिष्टानः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhiniṣṭāna (अभिनिष्टान):—[=abhi-niṣṭāna] [from abhiniḥ-stan] a m. ‘a sound which dies away’, the Visarga, [Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra etc.]

2) Abhinistāna (अभिनिस्तान):—[=abhi-nistāna] [from abhiniḥ-stan] m. = abhi-niṣṭāna, [Pāṇini 8-3, 86.]

3) Abhiniṣṭāna (अभिनिष्टान):—[=abhi-niṣṭāna] b See abhi-niḥ-√stan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiniṣṭāna (अभिनिष्टान):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-naḥ) 1) A sound (esp. a vowel) of the alphabet in general; e. g. Gobhila-Gṛhya S.: ghoṣavadādyantarantasthaṃ dīrghābhiniṣṭānāntaṃ kṛtaṃ nāma dadhyādetadataddhitamayugdāntaṃ strīṇām; (comp. Manu 2. 33.).

2) The Visarga; e. g. Āsvalāy. Gṛhya S.: nāma cāsmai dadyurghoṣavadādyantarantasthamabhiniṣṭānāntaṃ dvyakṣaraṃ caturakṣaraṃ vā dvyakṣaraṃ pratiṣṭhākāmaścaturakṣaraṃ brahmavarcasakāmaḥ yugmāni tvevaṃ puṃsāmayujāni strīṇām; (Nārāyaṇa explains: abhiniṣṭāno visarjanīyaḥ . sonte yasya tattathoktam &c., and exemplifies this injunction by the male names: rudradevaḥ, nāgadevaḥ, bhadradattaḥ, devadattaḥ, śivadattaḥ, devasvāmī, vasuśarmā, janārdanaḥ, devaghoṣaḥ, purandaraḥ, viṣṇuśarmā, and by the female names: subhadrā, sāvitrī, satyadā, vasudā; comp. s. v. nāmakaraṇa).—[The reading abhiniṣṭhāna which occurs in Mss., is incorrect.—The Pandits who have published Pāṇini, supply in their comm. on Viii. 3. 86. the word anyatarasyām (= vā) from the preceding Sūtra, and construe thus, besides abhiniṣṭāna, an optional form abhinistāna; Patanjali and his comm. have no gloss on this Sūtra, but neither the Kāśikā nor the Siddhāntak. admit of an option in the Sūtra 86., nor is a form abhinistāna given by these works or in the Dhātu- comm. of Mādhava, Maitreya &c., or in the Dhātupārāyaṇa of Hemach. s. r. stan.] E. stan with nis and abhi, kṛt aff. ghañ.

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Abhinistāna (अभिनिस्तान):—See the remark s. v. abhiniṣṭāna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhinishtana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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