Tandava, Tāṇḍava: 14 definitions
Tandava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study
Tāṇḍava (ताण्डव) refers to the dance of Lord Kālāgni-Rurdra appearing at the time of Prākṛta-Pralaya (“dissolution at the end of the span of life of Brahmā”), according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Prakṛta-pralaya occurs when the span of life of Brahmā is over. The span of life of Brahmā continues for two parārdhas. At the end of the two parārdhas Lord Kālāgni-Rurdra having burnt the Universe resorts to Tāṇḍava-dance. Then the earth with its qualities merge in water, water in turn merges in Agni, Agni merges in vāyu while vāyu merges in ākāśa. [...]
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Tāṇḍava (ताण्डव) refers to “class dance” and was created by Taṇḍu after receiving instructions from Śiva, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. Accordingly, “after inventing the Recakas, Aṅgahāras and Piṇḍīs, Śiva communicated them to the sage Taṇḍu who in his turn made out of them dance together with songs and instrumental music; and hence this dance is known as tāṇḍava (i.e. of Taṇḍu’s creation).... The Class Dance (tāṇḍava) is mostly to accompany the adoration of gods, but its gentler form (sukumāra-prayoga) relates to the erotic sentiment”.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Tāṇḍava refers to “dance with jumping/leaping movements” is explained in the Tāṇḍava-tāla-marapu, the second part of the Niruttamarapu (“literary usage of dance”) which represents the third book of the Pañcamarapu (‘five-fold traditional usage’): an important piece of Tamil literature.—The sixteen types of tāṇḍava that were danced by Śiva and Kālī in a place called Ālankāṭu are said to have expressed the characters and navarasas of akam in their dance and this aspect is known as akamarga (exposition by gesture and dancing of the three characters, namely sattva (yogic), rajas (majestic) and tāmas (powerful and aggressive).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Tandava (ताण्डव): Siva's cosmic dance.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Tāṇḍava.—(CII 4), name of the dance of Śiva. Note: tāṇḍava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
tāṇḍava (तांडव).—n (S) Dancing with violent gesticulation: (as that of Shiva and his votaries.) 2 Exaggeration; aggravating and harping upon; wild dancing about, or great cry and fuss upon, a little matter; storming and stamping. 3 Amplification or embellishing diffusion (as of a text or a tale.)Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
tāṇḍava (तांडव).—n Dancing with violent gesticula- tion. Exaggeration.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-vaḥ-vaṃ) 1. Dancing, especially with violent gesticulation, and particularly applied to the frantic dance of the god Siva, and his votaries. 2. A sort of grass, (Saccharum procerum.) m.
(-vaḥ) In prosody, a tribrach or foot of three sort syllables. E. taṇḍu the name of the Muni, by whom the style of dancing was first taught, affix aṇ, or taḍi to beat, and ava aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tāṇḍava (ताण्डव).—m. and n. Frantic dancing, [Caurapañcāśikā] 7; Rājan. 5, 380.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tāṇḍava (ताण्डव).—[substantive] a wild dance, [especially] of the god Śiva.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Tāṇḍava (ताण्डव):—[from tāṇḍa] mn. ([gana] ardharcādi; [from] taṇḍu?) dancing ([especially] with violent gesticulation), frantic dance (of Śiva and his votaries), [Mālatīmādhava; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa x; Matsya-purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc. (cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India p.84])
2) [v.s. ...] (in prosody) a tribrach
3) [v.s. ...] Saccharum procerum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tāṇḍava (ताण्डव):—[(vaḥ-vaṃ)] 1. m. n. Dancing especially with violent gesticulation; a grass. m. A tribrach.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+23): Tandavapriya, Tandavatalika, Tandavita, Shivatandavastotra, Tandava kaviraja, Shabdatandava, Vivadatandava, Nataraja, Suktyadarsha, Akandatandava, Lilatandavapandita, Tandu, Nritya, Shivatandava, Niruttamarapu, Tokainul, Dikgaja, Lasya, Tandavasana, Mitanka.
Search found 18 books and stories containing Tandava, Tāṇḍava; (plurals include: Tandavas, Tāṇḍavas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Chapter 4.3 - (a) Nataraja (the dance of Shiva) < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Chapter 4.3 - (b) The seven Tandava Dances of Shiva < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Chapter 4.6 - (m) Symbology of Fire < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Bronze, group 2: Age of Aditya I (a.d. 871-907) < [Chapter XI - Sculpture]
Muktesvaram < [Chapter XIV - Conclusion]
Temples in Pullamangai (near Pasupatikoyil) (3rd to 6th year) < [Chapter X - Historical Survey]
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 2 - Inference (anumāna) < [Chapter XXVIII - Madhva Logic]
Part 3 - Svataḥ-prāmāṇya (self-validity of knowledge) < [Chapter XXVII - A General Review of the Philosophy of Madhva]
Part 6 - Various Considerations regarding Inference < [Chapter XXVIII - Madhva Logic]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.5.20 < [Part 5 - Conjugal Love (mādhurya-rasa)]
Verse 2.1.278 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 2.1.325 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)