Pratana, Pratāna, Pratanā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pratana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pratāna (प्रतान, “shoot, tendril”).—One the classifications of plants according to their stature. Pratānas are creepers with stems spreading on the ground (procumbent and decumbent). The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Pratāna is listed as a classification for plants in the following sources:

The Manusmṛti 1.46-48 by Manu (also known as the Manusaṃhitā and Mānavadharmaśāstra).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Pratanā (प्रतना) is another name for Gojihvā, a medicinal plant identified with Onosma bracteatum Wall. (“true indigo”) from the Boraginaceae or “borage” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.86-87 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Pratanā and Gojihvā, there are a total of seven Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratāna (प्रतान).—m S A creeping plant: also a tendril in clasper. 2 Spreading or extending.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratāna (प्रतान).—

1) A Shoot, tendril; लताप्रतानोद्ग्रथितैः स कशैः (latāpratānodgrathitaiḥ sa kaśaiḥ) R.2.8; Ś.7.11; बीजकाण्डरुहाण्येव प्रताना वल्ल्य एव वा (bījakāṇḍaruhāṇyeva pratānā vallya eva vā) Ms.1.48.

2) A creeper, low spreading plant.

3) Branching out, ramification.

4) Tetanus or epilepsy.

5) Extension.

6) Diffuseness, prolixity.

Derivable forms: pratānaḥ (प्रतानः).

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Pratana (प्रतन).—a. (- f.) Old, ancient; प्रतनेनानुबन्धेन निजामोपचिकीर्षया (pratanenānubandhena nijāmopacikīrṣayā) Śiva. B.8.8; ...... नयवर्त्म प्रतनं प्रवर्तयत् (nayavartma pratanaṃ pravartayat) Śiva B.32.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pratāna (प्रतान).—(Sanskrit, creeper, tendril), lit. creeper, tendril, used fig. of lightning, compare the common vidyul-latā: vidyut- pratāna-jvalitaṃ (so with all mss. but one for Lefm. °taḥ) Lalitavistara 216.19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratana (प्रतन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Old, ancient. E. pra prior, with dyul aff. and tan augment.

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Pratāna (प्रतान).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. Spreading, expansion. 2. A shoot, a tendril. 3. A low spreading creeper. 4. A disease, fainting, epilepsy. 5. Ramification. E. pra before, tan to spread, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratana (प्रतन).—[pra + tana], adj., f. , Old.

— Cf. probably cf. purātana.

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Pratāna (प्रतान).—i. e. pra-tan + a, m. 1. A tendril, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 170. 2. A plant having tendrils, a climber, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 48. 3. Spreading, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 35, 153.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratāna (प्रतान).—[masculine] shoot, tendril, a plant with tendrils; ramification (lit. & [figuratively]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratāna (प्रतान):—[=pra-tāna] [from pra-tan] m. a shoot, tendril, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a plant with tendrils, [Manu-smṛti; Varāha-mihira]

3) [v.s. ...] (met.) branching out, ramification, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a section of a [work] whose name ends in kalpa-latā, [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] diffuseness, prolixity, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of disease, tetanus, epilepsy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a man ([plural], his descendants) [gana] upakādi

8) Pratānā (प्रताना):—[=pra-tānā] [from pra-tāna > pra-tan] f. Name of a plant (= go-jihvā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Pratana (प्रतन):—[=pra-tana] mf(ī)n. ([from] 1. pra) ancient, old, [Pāṇini 5-4, 30], [vArttika] 7, [Patañjali] (cf. pra-tna).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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