Svatantra, Sva-tantra, Svatamtra: 21 definitions
Svatantra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Samkhya (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र, “independent”).—Puruṣa is one of the two ultimate fundamental eternal realities according to Sāṃkhya. So, the puruṣa is not dependent on any cause for its existence. For this reason, puruṣa is svatantra (independent).
Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र).—lit. independent; independent in activity; the subject or agent of an action (कर्ता (kartā)) is defined as स्वतन्त्र (svatantra) independent in his activity, i. e. not depending upon any one for the same; cf. स्वतन्त्रः कर्ता (svatantraḥ kartā) P. I. 4. 54.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
1) Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र) refers to “independent [of attributes, saguṇa]”, and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.10. Accordingly as Viṣṇu said to Brahmā:—“[...] He is distinct from illusion. He is free from desires. He is the creator of illusion yet uninfluenced by illusion. He is an adept. He is possessed of attributes (saguṇa) yet independent (svatantra) of them. He is blissful in Himself. He is free from suspicions and alternatives”.
2) Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र) refers to the “independent (great soul)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.42.—Accordingly, as Dakṣa bowed and eulogised Śiva:—“[...] Today I have realised the truth. Thou art above all. Thou art served by Viṣṇu, Brahmā and others. Thou art the supreme Being known only through the Vedas. Thou art the wish-yielding Kalpa tree to the good. Thou punishest the wicked always. Thou art the independent great soul (i.e., svatantra—svataṃtraḥ paramātmā). Thou art the bestower of desired boons on the devotees. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र):—Independent, autonomous. An attribute of Ātmā.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र) means “freely”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] After the goddess Bhadrakālī heard this, that is, Śambhu's speech, the virgin (goddess) also came in the form of a divine virgin (kumārī) and freely uttered [i.e., svatantra] with all (her deepest) feelings (these) divine words. [....]”.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र) refers to “independent (scholars)”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] The Vedas, independent scholars (viduṣa—viduṣaḥ svatantrāḥ) of different capabilities, the Tantras, the collection of mantras with celebrated powers, and thoughts and feelings concerning syntax and grammar and poetic compositions, all these, O mother, evolve to excellence from a millionth part of you”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र) refers to “one who is a remarkable genius”, representing a desirable characteristic of an astrologer (Jyotiṣa), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must be of cleanly habits, able, noble-minded, eloquent and of originality and imagination; must possess a knowledge of place and time; be meek and without nervousness, must be difficult of conquest by his fellow students; must be able and devoid of vices; must be learned in matters of expiatory ceremonies, of Hygiene, of Occult Magic and of ablutions; must be a worshipper of the Devas and an observer of fast and penance; must be of remarkable genius [i.e., svatantra] and capable of solving any difficulties save in matters of direct divine interference; and finally, he must be learned in astronomy, natural astrology (Saṃhitā) and horoscopy”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र) refers to “Independence”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 21.6-9ab]—“But, if [mantras consist of] the forms of Śakti, whose Śakti and of what kind? O Deva, what [does] Śakti cause, what is her purpose, and of what kind is she? If [mantras] do not possess Śakti, what is worshipped with Śakti? Independence (svatantra) cannot be accomplished by anyone without perfection. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र) refers to “that which is autonomous”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 31).—Accordingly, “Without knowing if the ātman exists or does not exist, you are asking why one does not produce the idea of the ātman in regard to another. [The distinctions] between one’s own body (ātmakāya) and another’s body (parakāya) exist as a function of the Ātman. But the Ātman is non-existent. [The characteristics attributed to it]: having form (rūpin) or formless (arūpin), permanent (nitya) or impermanent (anitya), finite (antavat) or infinite (ananta), moveable (gantṛ) or motionless (agantṛ), cognizant (jñātṛ) or ignorant (ajñātṛ), active (kāraka) or inactive (akāraka), autonomous (svatantra) or non-autonomous (asvatantra): all these characteristics of the ātman do not exist, as we have said above in the chapter on the Ātman. [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र) refers to “independent”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Why do the stupid, afflicted by the planet of [their] birth, not perceive the difference [between the body and the self] which is recognised everywhere in the occurrence of birth and death. Therefore, what is the connection of the self to that body which is made by atoms which are material, insentient, different [and] independent (svatantra)?”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Svatantra.—(SITI), a share; a customary fee; emoluments. Note: svatantra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
svatantra (स्वतंत्र).—a (S) Independent, uncontrolled, free, absolute; being under one's own line or law. Hence, by implication, Of age, full-grown. 2 (With reproachful implication.) Self-willed, unruly, refractory, libertine, dissolute &c. 3 (Laxly.) That is separate, apart, aside, aloof, out of the way.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
svatantra (स्वतंत्र).—a Independent, free. Self-willed.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) self-dependent, uncontrolled, independent, self-willed.
2) of age, full-grown.
-ntram one's own (common group of) subsidiaries; जैमिनेः परतन्त्रापत्तेः स्वतन्त्रप्रतिषेधः स्यात् (jaimineḥ paratantrāpatteḥ svatantrapratiṣedhaḥ syāt) MS. 12.1.8.
-ntraḥ a blind man.
Svatantra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and tantra (तन्त्र).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ntraḥ-ntrā-ntraṃ) 1. Unrestrained, uncontrolled, self-willed. 2. Independent, free. 3. Full-grown, of age, no longer subject to the authority of parents, &c. E. sva own, tantra inclination, will.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र).—[sva-tantra], see tantra.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र).—1. [neuter] self-dependence, i.e. independence, freedom; also tā [feminine]
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Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र).—2. [adjective] self-dependent, free.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र):—[=sva-tantra] [from sva] a n. self-dependence, independence, self-will, freedom, [Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa]
2) [v.s. ...] o°’s own system or school, [Suśruta]
3) [v.s. ...] o°’s own army, [ib.]
4) [v.s. ...] (with, [Buddhist literature]) a [particular] doctrine of free-will or independence, [Buddhist literature]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of [work] (also called tra-tantra)
6) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. self-dependent, self-willed, independent, free, uncontrolled (with pada n. ‘an ind° word’), [Lāṭyāyana; Upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti] etc.
7) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. of age, full grown, [Horace H. Wilson]
8) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Cakra-vāka, [Harivaṃśa]
9) [=sva-tantra] b sva-tavas etc. See p. 1275, col. 3.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र):—[sva-tantra] (ntraḥ-ntrā-ntraṃ) a. Being one’s own master; of age; uncontrolled, independent, free.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] not under another’s or otherś control; able to act, think without compulsion, restraint, restriction, etc.; free.
2) [adjective] subject to, led by or indicative of caprice or whim; erratic; capricious.
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1) [noun] a man who is not under another’s arbitrary control.
2) [noun] (gram.) a noun which is not relative or not depending on anotehr; an independent noun.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Svatantralekhana, Svatantramukhamardana, Svatantrapadopasthitipaksha, Svatantrasara, Svatantrata, Svatantratantra, Svatantratva, Svatantravicara, Svatantravritti, Svatantray, Svatantraya.
Full-text (+46): Svatantrya, Svatantrata, Svatantrika, Atmatantra, Svatantratantra, Svatantrasara, Svatantralekhana, Svatantramukhamardana, Svatantravritti, Svatamtri, Asvatantra, Agrihya, Svatantrin, Asvatantrata, Sacantra, Satantra, Vasunandi, Svatamtra, Pratishthasara, Swatantra.
Search found 22 books and stories containing Svatantra, Sva-tantra, Svātantra, Svatamtra, Svataṃtra; (plurals include: Svatantras, tantras, Svātantras, Svatamtras, Svataṃtras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 175 [Sṛṣṭikāli’s Dvādaśakrama Cidūrmi] < [Chapter 3 - Third Vimarśa]
Verse 219 [Kālana meaning and sense] < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Vimarśa]
Verse 254-256 [Śakti as Nādarūpā] < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Vimarśa]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 3.1.268 < [Chapter 1 - Meeting Again at the House of Śrī Advaita Ācārya]
Verse 2.13.50 < [Chapter 13 - The Deliverance of Jagāi and Mādhāi]
Verse 2.26.148 < [Chapter 26 - Descriptions of the Mercy Bestowed on Śuklāmbara and Vijay and the Lord’s Desire to Accept Sannyāsa]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.216 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 2.4.218 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 2.4.222 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 41 - The attainment of the seven hunters < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 42 - Power of the Pitṛs < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)