Svatantra, aka: Sva-tantra; 7 Definition(s)


Svatantra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Svatantra in Samkhya glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र, “independent”).—Puruṣa is one of the two ultimate fundamental eternal realities according to Sāṃkhya. So, the puruṣa is not dependent on any cause for its existence. For this reason, puruṣa is svatantra (independent).

Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review
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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Svatantra in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र).—lit. independent; independent in activity; the subject or agent of an action (कर्ता (kartā)) is defined as स्वतन्त्र (svatantra) independent in his activity, i. e. not depending upon any one for the same; cf. स्वतन्त्रः कर्ता (svatantraḥ kartā) P. I. 4. 54.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Svatantra.—(SITI), a share; a customary fee; emoluments. Note: svatantra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Svatantra in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

svatantra (स्वतंत्र).—a (S) Independent, uncontrolled, free, absolute; being under one's own line or law. Hence, by implication, Of age, full-grown. 2 (With reproachful implication.) Self-willed, unruly, refractory, libertine, dissolute &c. 3 (Laxly.) That is separate, apart, aside, aloof, out of the way.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svatantra (स्वतंत्र).—a Independent, free. Self-willed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svatantra in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र).—a.

1) self-dependent, uncontrolled, independent, self-willed.

2) of age, full-grown.

-ntram one's own (common group of) subsidiaries; जैमिनेः परतन्त्रापत्तेः स्वतन्त्रप्रतिषेधः स्यात् (jaimineḥ paratantrāpatteḥ svatantrapratiṣedhaḥ syāt) MS. 12.1.8.

-ntraḥ a blind man.

Svatantra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and tantra (तन्त्र).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र).—mfn.

(-ntraḥ-ntrā-ntraṃ) 1. Unrestrained, uncontrolled, self-willed. 2. Independent, free. 3. Full-grown, of age, no longer subject to the authority of parents, &c. E. sva own, tantra inclination, will.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 1628 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Tantra (तन्त्र) refers to a type of ritualistic worship, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.10. T...
Svarūpa (स्वरूप).—mfn. (-paḥ-pā or -pī-paṃ) 1. Wise, learned. 2. Pleasing, handsome. 3. Similar...
Svādhyāya (स्वाध्याय) refers to “self-reading”, as mentioned in the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-s...
Svabhāva (स्वभाव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. Nature, natural state, property or disposition. 2. Purpose, int...
Svarasa (स्वरस).—m. (-saḥ) 1. Expressed or extracted juice. 2. Sediment of oil, &c., ground...
Sva (स्व).—Pron. mfn. (-svaḥ-svā-svaṃ) Own. Subst. m. (-svaḥ) 1. A kinsman. 2. The soul. 3. Wea...
Svādhiṣṭhāna (स्वाधिष्ठान).—n. (-naṃ) One of the six Chakras or mystical circles of the body.
Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—mfn. (-ntraḥ-ntrā-ntraṃ) Subservient, obedient, dependant. E. para anoth...
Svārtha (स्वार्थ).—mfn. (-rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) 1. Pleonastic. 2. Having a plain or literal meaning...
Svastha (स्वस्थ).—mfn. (-sthaḥ-sthā-sthaṃ) 1. Confident, resolute, firm, relying upon one’s sel...
Svaja (स्वज).—mfn. (-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Self-born, produced in or by one’s self. m. (-jaḥ) 1. A son. 2...
Svadharma (स्वधर्म).—1) one's own religion. 2) one's own duty, the duties of one's own class; M...
Svecchā (स्वेच्छा).—f. (-cchā) Wilfulness, following one’s own, purpose or inclination, self-wi...
Svādhīna (स्वाधीन).—mfn. (-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Independent, uncontrolled. 2. One's own dependent. E....
Devasva (देवस्व) refers to the “property of the Lord”.—The canopies tied on maṇḍapas, the decor...

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