Svedaja, Sveda-ja: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Svedaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Svedaja (स्वेदज)—One of the four Classification of Animals (paśu), according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (23.101).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Svedaja (स्वेदज).—An asura (demon). (See under Raktaja).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Svedaja (स्वेदज).—Ants, worms, etc.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 424-6; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 101, 227.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Svedaja (स्वेदज, “born out of sweats”):—One of the four classes of Jīva (‘living beings’). They are endowed with the fruits of their past Karmas, wether auspicious or inauspicious. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 3.13.25 (chapter on the Devī-yajña).

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Svedaja (स्वेदज) refers to “(the creatures) born of sweat”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Then (after that comes the fourth sacred seat [i.e., Kāmarūpa] which) is in the locus of the heart and is surrounded by eight energies, namely Mohā, Āvṛtā, Prakāśyā, Kiraṇā, Rāgavatī, Hṛṣṭā, Puṣṭī, and Krodhā. [...] The venerable Kāmānanda is the emperor in the middle of the Wheel; sustained by the venerable Kāmavatī (the energy of passion) as (his) lordship, in the midst of all the troupes of Yoginīs, (he) generates light with a yellow and red lustre like that of (a freshly) cut sapphire. (The seat) is surrounded by the tree, creeper, monastery, gesture and cave. One should know (this), the fourth sacred seat, as emanation by means of the (energy of the deity that) emanates in many ways (the creatures) born of eggs, sweat [i.e., svedaja], seeds and wombs. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Sāṃkhya philosophy

Svedaja (स्वेदज) refers to “generated by warm vapour or sweat”, eg. insects, and represents a division of human creation (mānuṣasarga or mānuṣyasarga) according to the Sāṃkhyakārikā. It is also known by the name Ūṣmaja. The mānuṣasarga is one of the three types of elemental creation, also known as bhautikasarga.

The Sāṃkhyakārikā by Iśvarakṛṣṇa is the earliest extant text of the Sāṃkhya school of philosophy and dates from the 4th century CE. It contains 72 Sanskrit verses and contents include epistemology and the theory of causation.

Samkhya book cover
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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Svedaja (स्वेदज):—Substances which are belived to be originated from sweat glands.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Svedaja (स्वेदज, ‘born of sweat’)—that is, ‘engendered by hot moisture’—is used in the Aitareya-upaniṣad (iii.3,3) as a term designating a class of creatures comprising vermin of all sorts. The Mānava-dharma-śāstra (i. 45) explains it as ‘flies, mosquitos, lice, bugs, and so forth’.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Svedaja (स्वेदज) or Saṃsvedaja refers to “moisture-born”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly [while describing the wind-circle (vāyu-cakra)]: “[...] Consisting of three [circles], the third layer is formed by the moisture-born (saṃsvedaja) The fourth layer, called ‘womb-born,’ is understood to comprise three [circles]. The Wind Circle, the second, is thus [taught]. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svēdaja (स्वेदज).—a (S) Engendered by sweat, steam, or warm vapor;--as insects, vermin, worms.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svēdaja (स्वेदज).—n Engendered by sweat or steam.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svedaja (स्वेदज).—a. generated by warm vapour or sweat (said of insects).

Svedaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sveda and ja (ज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svedaja (स्वेदज).—mfn.

(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Engendered by heat and damp, as insects and worms. E. sveda sweat or vapour, and ja produced.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svedaja (स्वेदज).—[adjective] produced by sweat or hot moisture.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svedaja (स्वेदज):—[=sveda-ja] [from sveda > svid] mfn. sweat-produced, engendered by heat and moisture, generated by warm vapour or steam (said of insects and vermin), [Aitareya-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svedaja (स्वेदज):—[sveda-ja] (jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) a. Engendered by heat and damp, as insects, &c.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svedaja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svēdaja (ಸ್ವೇದಜ):—[adjective] born from the sweat.

--- OR ---

Svēdaja (ಸ್ವೇದಜ):—[noun] any insect that is born from the sweat.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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