Svatantrya, Svātantrya: 12 definitions



Svatantrya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Svatantrya in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Svātantrya (स्वातन्त्र्य).—Independence claimed by Jayadevas who were punished for doing so.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Svatantrya in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Svātantrya (स्वातन्त्र्य).—Independence, or autonomy as a characteristic of the agent (कर्ता (kartā)); cf. कर्मकर्तरि कर्तृत्वमस्ति। कुतः। स्वातन्त्र्यस्य विवक्षितत्वात् । स्वातन्त्र्येणैवात्र कर्ता विवक्षितः । (karmakartari kartṛtvamasti| kutaḥ| svātantryasya vivakṣitatvāt | svātantryeṇaivātra kartā vivakṣitaḥ |) M.Bh. on P. III. 1. 87 Vart.5.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Svatantrya in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Svātantrya (स्वातन्त्र्य) refers to “independence”, and is mentioned in verse 2.44 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] excessive attachment to liquor; and confidence in, and independence [viz., svātantrya] from, women:  (all these things) one shall eschew. In all activities of a wise (man) the world alone (is) his teacher”.

Note: Svātantrya (“independence”) has been rendered raṅ-dbaṅ gyur-pa, lit. “the having become, being, independent”. The variant gyur-pas in NP is unclear and, at any rate, does not agree with the original; it may perhaps be understood this way: “confidence in women one shall eschew by independence (from them)”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svatantrya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svātantrya (स्वातंत्र्य).—n S Independence, absoluteness, freeness, uncontrolled or unsubjected state. 2 (Reproachfully.) Self-willedness, wilfulness, refractoriness, contumaciousness, unruliness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svātantrya (स्वातंत्र्य).—n Independence. Wilfulness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svatantrya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svātantrya (स्वातन्त्र्य).—[svatantrasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Freedom of will, independence; न स्त्री स्वातन्त्र्यमर्हति (na strī svātantryamarhati) Ms.9.3; न स्वातन्त्र्यं क्वचित् स्त्रियाः (na svātantryaṃ kvacit striyāḥ) Y.1.85.

2) (In phil.) Free will.

Derivable forms: svātantryam (स्वातन्त्र्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svātantrya (स्वातन्त्र्य).—n.

(-ntryaṃ) Wilfulness, independence. E. svatantra self-willed, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svātantrya (स्वातन्त्र्य).—i. e. sva-tantra + ya, n. 1. Independence, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 3; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 92. 2. Wilfulness, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 147 (mere pleasure, Jones).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svātantrya (स्वातन्त्र्य).—[neuter] self-dependence, free will; [instrumental] spontaneously, freely.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svātantrya (स्वातन्त्र्य):—n. ([from] sva-tantra) the following one’s own will, freedom of the will, independence (āt and ena, ‘by one’s own will, of one’s own free choice, voluntarily, freely’), [Lāṭyāyana; Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svātantrya (स्वातन्त्र्य):—(ntyraṃ) 1. n. Idem.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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