Cidgaganacandrika (study)

by S. Mahalakshmi | 2017 | 83,507 words

Cidgaganacandrika 188-189 [Reflection without an external object], English comparative study extracted from the two available commentaries—the Divyacakorika and the Kramaprakashika. The Cidgagana-candrika is an important Tantric work belonging to the Krama system of Kashmir Shaivism. Written by Kalidasa (Shrivatsa) in 312 Sanskrit verses, it deals with the knowledge regarding both the Macrocosmic and Microcosmic phenomena

Verse 188-189 [Reflection without an external object]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English commentary of verse 188-189:

द्वादशाम्ब ! किरणात्मनो रवेर्मातृवह्निविदिते त्वदम्बरे ।
विश्वमेत्य सहसा मरीचयोऽश्नन्ति चिन्मुकुरबिम्बितं जगत् ॥ १८८ ॥
बाह्यमीश्वरि विना सुदर्पणो बिम्बमेतदनुकारिणी तनुः ।
व्याप्ततामुपेयुषी त्वदम्बरे युक्तिमर्हति न बिम्बबाह्यताम् ॥ १८९ ॥

dvādaśāmba ! kiraṇātmano ravermātṛvahnividite tvadambare |
viśvametya sahasā marīcayo'śnanti cinmukurabimbitaṃ jagat || 188 ||
bāhyamīśvari vinā sudarpaṇo bimbametadanukāriṇī tanuḥ |
vyāptatāmupeyuṣī tvadambare yuktimarhati na bimbabāhyatām || 189 ||

Comparative analysis of commentaries and excerpts in English:

[Reflection without an external object]

The Jagat’s reflection in the Mirror of Cit, in the Cidākāśa,which shines due to Cidagni is engulfed by the twelve rays of Sūrya.

Twelve rays of Sūrya are:—

  1. Tapini,
  2. Tāpini,
  3. Dhūmra,
  4. Marīci,
  5. Jvālinī,
  6. Ruci,
  7. Suṣumṇa,
  8. Bhogada,
  9. Viśva,
  10. Bodinī,
  11. Dhāriṇī and
  12. Kṣama.

In quadrangular brilliance of Citi, the reflection of Cit, is wonderful, Supernatural and Invisible. The usual reflecting surfaces i.e. Fire, Water, Sword, Oil, Wall and Mirror, have one side as substratum and the other shining side reflects. But in the form of Cit, Jagat shines with four dimensional effect and this also happens without an external object for reflection[1]. The necessity of an object for reflection is unwarranted in memory and the motive itself is sufficient to project a reflection of previous experience[2]. In case of Cidrūpā Jñāna and Kriyā Śaktis form the neccesary cause for Śakti to absorb the reflection as Universe in her own self.[3]

Notes and Sanskrit references:

[1] Cf. [Kramaprakāśikā] p 121 [Cidgaganacandrikā] 188.—

yathoktaṃ tantrālokaviveke—

nijadharmāprahāṇena pararūpānukāritā |
pratibimbātmatā loke khaḍgādarśatailādivat ||
svarūpānapahānena pararūpasadṛkṣatām pratibimbātmatāmāhuḥ khaḍgādarśatailādivat ||

yathoktaṃ parātriṃśikāvivṛtau—

“svatantraḥ paripūrṇo'yaṃ bhagavān bhairavo vibhuḥ | tannāsti yanna vimale bhāsayet svātmadarpaṇe ||”

[2] Cf. [Kramaprakāśikā] p 122 [Cidgaganacandrikā] 188.—

taduktaṃ mahārthamañjarīparimale—

matta evoditamidaṃ mayyeva pratibimbitam |
madabhinnaṃ jagacceti tridhopāyastu śāmbhavaḥ ||

[3] Cf. [Kramaprakāśikā] p 122 [Cidgaganacandrikā] 189.—

nirupādānasaṃbhāramabhittāveva tanvate |
jagaccitraṃ namastasmai kalāślāghyāya śūline ||

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