Sunetra, Su-netra: 16 definitions


Sunetra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Sunetra in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Sunetra (सुनेत्र) is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side, but was slain by Prabhāsa, who fought on Sūryaprabha’s side, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... then a fight took place between those Vidyādhara princes on the one side and Prabhāsa and his comrades on the other, in which there was a great slaughter of soldiers. And in the single combats between the two hosts many warriors were slain on both sides, men, Asuras and Vidyādharas... Then the Vidyādhara hero Hiraṇyākṣa was killed by Abhimanyu, but Abhimanyu and Haribhaṭa were slain by Sunetra. And Sunetra was killed by Prabhāsa, who cut off his head”.

The story of Sunetra was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sunetra, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sunetra (सुनेत्र).—One of the sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra, the other sons being Kuṇḍaka, Hasti, Vitarka, Krātha, Kuṇḍina, Haviśravas, Bhumanyu, Pratīpa, Dharmanetra, Sunetra and Aparājita. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verses 58-60).

2) Sunetra (सुनेत्र).—A son of Garuḍa. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sunetra (सुनेत्र).—A son of Śukī and Garuḍa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 450.

1b) A Bṛhadratha; ruled for 40 years.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 129; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 306.

1c) A son of Kauśika in previous births, born as Cakravāka in Mānasa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 18.

1d) A son of Anuvrata, ruled for 25 years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 26.

1e) A Yakṣa king in Kailāsa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 25.

1f) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 160.

1g) A son of Niramitra and father of Bṛhadkarma.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 23. 4.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Sunetra (सुनेत्र) (lit. “one who is beautiful or fair eyed”) is a synonym (another name) for Garuḍa, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sunetra (सुनेत्र) refers to “having beautiful eyes”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(Now) I will tell (you) about the arising (of the tradition) that gives bliss and accomplishment in the Kṛta Age [...] (There) the (goddess) Kulālikā has five faces. She has ten beautiful eyes (sunetra-daśakopetā), a divine (beautiful) form and is very powerful. Mounted on a ghost as (her) seat, she is yellow and possesses a beautiful, radiant power. Bearing the form (she assumes when engaged in Kaula) practice, she is profound; (her) form is tranquil and sports with great (delight). Mighty with her strength, twelve princes accompany her. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Sunetra (सुनाम, “beautiful eyes”):—One of the six sons of Garuḍa (mount of Viṣṇu) and his wife Unnati, according to the Purāṇas. Garuḍa represents the mantras of the Vedas which carry the Lord of Sacrifices.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Sunetra (सुनेत्र) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Sunetra is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Sunetra (सुनेत्र) is the name of a Dharma teacher according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—“Thus the teacher Miao yen (Sunetra) said: ‘I have preached the Dharma to people and they have all been reborn among the Brahmakāyikas; I should not be reborn in the same place as my disciples; I am going to develop a higher loving-kindness’”.

Note: Sunetra is particularly known by two sūtras, the Saptasūryodaya-sūtra and the Suṇetra-sūtra.

2) Sunetra (सुनेत्र) is mentioned as one of the six teachers mentioned in the Sunetrasūtra (cf., Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XIV).—Accordingly:—The Sunetrasūtra which is in Aṅguttara lists six teachers (satthā), ferrymen, completetly renounced (vītarāga), having several hundreds of disciples to whom they taught the doctrine of participating in the world of Brahmā (viz., Brahmaloka). To criticize or insult them would be a grave demerit. These six teachers are Sunetra, Mugapakkha, Aranemi, Kuddālaka, Hatthipāla Jotipāla.

Note: Buddhaghosa does not comment on this passage, but these six teachers are probably earlier births of the Buddha.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Sunetra (सुनेत्र) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Sunetra).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Sunetra (सुनेत्र) (or Sulocana) is the name of a Vidyādhara-king, according to chapter 2.4 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Sagara was addressed by a chamberlain:—“O master, on Mt. Vaitāḍhya in this same Bharatakṣetra there is a city Gaganavallabha, a favorite of good fortune. In it there was a Vidyādhara-king, Sulocana, resembling Trilocanasakha (Kubera) in the city Alakā. There is a son of his, Sahasranayana, judicious; and this daughter, Sukeśā, a crest-jewel of all woman-kind. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sunetra (सुनेत्र).—a. having good or beautiful eyes.

Sunetra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and netra (नेत्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sunetra (सुनेत्र).—(1) name of a former Buddha (or several?): Mahāvastu i.137.12; iii.235.10; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 64.1; 68.27; 130.3; 365.17; 499.23; (2) name of a future Buddha: Mahāvastu ii.355.6 = iii.279.11; [Page599-b+ 71] Gaṇḍavyūha 441.25; (3) name of a previous incarnation of Śākyamuni: Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 23.16; Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 141.5; (4) name of a Bodhisattva: Gaṇḍavyūha 2.26; (5) (= Pali Sunetta, 4 in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)) name of an ancient teacher: Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 37.1, 3; perhaps the same is meant by the maharṣi S. of Mahā-Māyūrī 257.3; (6) name of a son of Māra, favorable to the Bodhisattva: Lalitavistara 310.12; (7) name of a śreṣṭhin's son: Gaṇḍavyūha 51.23; (8) name of a rākṣasa prince, guardian of the Bodhi- sattvasaṃgītiprāsāda (see saṃgīti 1) in Kapilavastu: Gaṇḍavyūha 432.25; (9) name of a yakṣa leader: Mahā-Māyūrī 235.11.

--- OR ---

Sunetrā (सुनेत्रा).—(1) name of a Śākyan woman, wife of Daṇḍa-pāṇi: Gaṇḍavyūha 420.19; (2) name of a rākṣasī: Mahā-Māyūrī 240.23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sunetra (सुनेत्र).—f.

(-trā) Beautiful-eyed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sunetra (सुनेत्र):—[=su-netra] [from su > su-nakṣatra] m. ‘fair-eyed’ or ‘having a good leader’ Name of a Māra-putra, [Lalita-vistara]

2) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vainateya, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of the 13th Manu, [Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a son of Suvrata, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Cakra-vāka, [Harivaṃśa]

7) Sunetrā (सुनेत्रा):—[=su-netrā] [from su-netra > su > su-nakṣatra] f. ([scilicet] tuṣṭi; in Sāṃkhya) one of the 9 kinds of acquiescence (cf. su-pāra), [Tattvasamāsa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sunetrā (सुनेत्रा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sunettā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sunetra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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