Netra: 12 definitions

Introduction

Netra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Netra (नेत्र).—A son of Dharma and father of Kunti.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 22.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Netra (नेत्र) refers to the “eyes”. It is one of the six minor limbs (upāṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Netra (नेत्र) refers to the “root” of a tree, as mentioned in a list of five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Netra] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Netra (नेत्र) refers to a type of “eye” and represents one of the items held in the left hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, netra]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Netra.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’; in some areas of Eastern India, it was used in the sense of Hara-netra, ‘three’. The word dṛk seems to bear the sense of three in the Pamulavaka plates of Eastern Cālukya Vijayāditya VII (JAHRS, Vol. II, p. 287, text line 67). Note: netra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nētra (नेत्र).—m n (S) An eye.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Netra (नेत्र).—[nayati nīyate vā anena nī-ṣṭran]

1) Leading, conducting, directing; कर्मणा दैवनेत्रेण जन्तुदेहोपपत्तये (karmaṇā daivanetreṇa jantudehopapattaye) Bhāg.3.31.1.

2) The eye; प्रायेण गृहिणीनेत्राः कन्यार्थेषु कृटुम्बिनः (prāyeṇa gṛhiṇīnetrāḥ kanyārtheṣu kṛṭumbinaḥ) Ku.6.85; 2.29,3;7.13.

3) The string of a churning-stick; मन्थानं मन्दरं कृत्वा तथा नेत्रं च वासुकिम् (manthānaṃ mandaraṃ kṛtvā tathā netraṃ ca vāsukim) Mb.1.18.13; Bhāg. 8.6.22.

4) Woven silk, a fine silken garment; नेत्र- क्रमेणोपरुरोध सूर्यम् (netra- krameṇoparurodha sūryam) R.7.39. (where some commentators take netram in its ordinary sense of the 'eye').

5) The root of a tree.

6) An enema pipe.

7) A carriage, conveyance in general.

8) The number 'two'.

9) A leader; सूर्योदये सञ्जय के नु पूर्वं युयुत्सवो हृष्यमाणा इवासन् । मामका वा भीष्मनेत्राः समीपे पाण्डवा वा भीमनेत्रास्तदानीम् (sūryodaye sañjaya ke nu pūrvaṃ yuyutsavo hṛṣyamāṇā ivāsan | māmakā vā bhīṣmanetrāḥ samīpe pāṇḍavā vā bhīmanetrāstadānīm) || Mb.6.2.1.

1) A constellation, star. (said to be m. only in these two senses).

11) A river; Nm.

12) A kind of vein; Nm.

13) A bug; Nm.

14) A bark of a tree; Nm.

Derivable forms: netram (नेत्रम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Netra (नेत्र).—m. (otherwise nt.), eye: netrā…tvacanaddhāḥ (n. pl.) Lalitavistara 324.11 (verse; no v.l.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Netra (नेत्र).—mfn.

(-traḥ-trī-traṃ) A leader, a guide, one who guides or leads. n.

(-traṃ) 1. The eye. 2. The foot of a tree. 3. Bleached or wove silk. 4. A car, a carriage. 5. The string of a churning rope. 6. An enemapipe. 7. The number “two”. mn.

(-traḥ-traṃ) Any tubular vessel. f. (-trī) 1. A river. 2. The goddess Lakshmi. E. ṇī to guide or gain, Unadi aff. ṣṭran, fem. aff. ṅīp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Netra (नेत्र).—i. e. nī + tra, I. A substitute for netṛ when latter part of a comp. adj., e. g. bhavannetra, i. e. bhavant-, Having thee as commander, Mahābhārata 7, 3702. Ii. n. 1. The eye, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 44. 2. The string of a churning rope, Mahābhārata 1, 1124.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Netra (नेत्र):—[from netavya] m. a leader, guide (with [genitive case] [Rāmāyaṇa [B.] iii, 66, 10]; mostly ifc. e.g. tvaṃ-netra, ‘having you for guide’ [Mahābhārata ii, 2486] [f. ā, [ib. ix, 222]]; cf. [Pāṇini 5-4, 116], [vArttika] 2, 3, [Patañjali]), [Aitareya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Dharma and father of Kuntī, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a son of Su-mati, [Matsya-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] n. (and m., [Siddhānta-kaumudī]) leading, guiding, conducting, [Atharva-veda x, 10, 22]

5) [v.s. ...] (ifc. f(ā). ) the eye (as the guiding organ, also -ka, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]; cf. nayana)

6) [v.s. ...] the numeral 2 [Sūryasiddhānta] (cf. netṛ)

7) [v.s. ...] the string by which a churning-stick is whirled round, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] a pipe-tube, [Caraka]

9) [v.s. ...] an injection pipe, [Suśruta]

10) [v.s. ...] the root of a tree, [Kādambarī]

11) [v.s. ...] a kind of cloth, [Harṣacarita]

12) [v.s. ...] a veil, [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

13) [v.s. ...] a carriage, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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