Jotipala, Jotipāla: 2 definitions


Jotipala means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Jotipala - The Bodhisatta born as the son of the chaplain of Brahmadatta, king of Benares. He was a great archer and became an ascetic. He is also referred to as Sarabhanga (J.v.127ff).

For his story see the Sarabhanga Jataka. He is evidently identical with Jotipala of the Indriya Jataka. He belonged to the Kondannagotta. J.v.140, 141, 142.

2. Jotipala - The Bodhisatta born as a brahmin of Vehalinga in the time of Kassapa Buddha. Ghatikara was his friend and invited Jotipala to accompany him to the Buddha, but Jotipala refused to go, saying that a shaveling recluse could be of no use to him. But Ghatikara was very insistent, and one day, after they had bathed together in the river, seized Jotipala by the hair and made a final appeal. This boldness on the part of an inferior (Ghatikara was a potter) caused Jotipala to realise his extreme earnestness and he agreed to go. After hearing the Buddha preach, Jotipala became a monk (M.ii.46ff; J.i.43; Bu.xxv.10; see also S.i.34f; Mil.221; Mtu.i.319ff).

This insulting remark made by Jotipala regarding Kassapa Buddha led to Gotama, in his last life, having to practise austerities for a longer period than did the other Buddhas (Ap.i.301; UdA.265; ApA.i.95). The memory of what he did as Jotipala was one of the things that made the Buddha smile. DhsA.294, 496.

3. Jotipala - A brahmin, son of Govinda, chaplain of Disampati. Jotipala was a friend of Disampatis son, Renu, who had six other nobles as companions. On the death of Govinda, Jotipala became chaplain to Disampati. He inspired Renus six companions to wait on Renu and make him promise to share the kingdom with them when he should come to the throne. This promise Renu kept when he succeeded his father and appointed Jotipala to carry out the division of the kingdom, which the latter duly did. All the kings wished Jotipala to be their chaplain, and he instructed them in the art of government, teaching the mantras also to seven eminent brahmins and to seven hundred young graduates. Jotipala himself came to be known as Maha Govinda.

After some time, Jotipala took leave of the seven kings, his disciples and his wives, and spent the four months of the rainy season in a retired spot outside the city, developing jhana in order to see Brahma face to face. At the end of the four months, Brahma Sanankumara appeared before him and gave him a boon. Jotipala asked to be taught the way to reach the Brahma world, and, having listened to Sanankumaras exposition, decided to leave the world. The kings and all the others did their best to make him desist from this course, but finding their efforts of no avail they went with him into the homeless life, where all of them profited thereby.

Jotipala was the Bodhisatta (D.ii.232-51; Mtu.i.197ff). He is twice mentioned in the Anguttara Nikaya (A.iii.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Jotipāla (जोतिपाल) refers to one of the six teachers mentioned in the Sunetrasūtra (cf. the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XIV).—Accordingly:—The Sunetrasūtra which is in Aṅguttara lists six teachers (satthā), ferrymen, completetly renounced (vītarāga), having several hundreds of disciples to whom they taught the doctrine of participating in the world of Brahmā (viz., Brahmaloka). To criticize or insult them would be a grave demerit. These six teachers are Sunetra, Mugapakkha, Aranemi, Kuddālaka, Hatthipāla Jotipāla.

Note: Buddhaghosa does not comment on this passage, but these six teachers are probably earlier births of the Buddha.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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