Vanara, aka: Vānara; 9 Definition(s)
Vanara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vānara (वानर) falls under the category of wild beasts (āraṇya-paśu) according to the Vāyu Purāṇa.(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
Vānara (वानर).—(also Haris)—born of Harī and Pulaha: eleven groups distinguished: Dvīpins, Śarabhas, Simhas Vyāghras, Nīlas, Salyakas, Ṛkṣas, Mārjāras, Lohāsas, Vānaras, and Māyavas. Vāli was their Lord: Belong to the line of Krodhavaśa;1 should not see the Śrāddha food.2Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Āyurveda (science of life)
Vānara (वानर) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “monkey”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Vānara is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Vānara (वानर)—Sanskrit word for an animal corresponding to “monkey”. This animal is from the group called Parṇa-mṛga (‘tree dwellers’ or ‘tree-dwelling arboreal animals’). Parṇa-mṛga itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).(Source): archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Vānara (वानर).—Description of a women of monkey (vānara) type;—A woman who has a compact and small body, is impudent, has tawny hairs, is fond of fruits, talkative, fickle, and energetic, loves trees, gardens and forests, cherishes highly even a small kind act done to her and forces sexual act, is said to have the nature of a monkey (vānara).(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
vānara : (m.) a monkey.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Vānara, (fr. vana) monkey, lit. “forester” Th. 1, 399= Dh. 334; Th. 1, 454; J. II, 78 (Senaka), 199 sq. (Nandiya); III, 429; IV, 308; V, 445; Miln. 201; DhA. II, 22.
—inda monkey king J. I, 279; II, 159. (Page 608)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Languages of India and abroad
vānara (वानर).—m n (S) The black-faced and long-tailed monkey, Semnipethicus Entellus.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 121 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Vānara, (fr. vana) monkey, lit. “forester” Th. 1, 399= Dh. 334; Th. 1, 454; J. II, 78 (Senaka...
Vānarāsana (वानरासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 37 of the Śrītattvanidhi....
naḷa (नळ).—m The ascending portion of the colon. An aqueduct, a sewer. n The stalk of a lotus a...
rupā (रुपा).—a That has dark spots upon a white ground-a bullock.--- OR --- rūpa (रूप).—n Exter...
Bhīma (भीम) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Rākṣasa class of “peripatetic celest...
hanumān (हनुमान्) [or hanūmān, or हनूमान्].—m hanumanta m The mon- key-chief of the rāmāyaṇa. g...
Nandā (नन्दा) is the mother of Acalabhrātā: the ninth of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) o...
Sharabha according to Kalikagama.—The body of Sharabha should be that of a bird of golden hue, ...
vāruṇī (वारुणी).—f The west. Spirituous liquor.
śara (शर).—m An arrow.--- OR --- sara (सर).—m A string A wreath. The chief. f A row A shower of...
Kuṇḍa (कुण्ड) refers to the “fire pit” (the receptacle of the sacred fire).—The Mānasāra does n...
kumuda (कुमुद).—n The white water lily. kumudinī f The plant bearing it.
kālacakra (कालचक्र).—n (S) The revolutions of Time and the influence attributed; the wheel of F...
Vinatā (विनता).—One of the two wives of Kaśyapa, according to a story called “the dispute about...
budha (बुध).—m The planet Mercury. A wise man.--- OR --- budha (बुध) [-dhā, -धा].—See buḍakhā.
Search found 11 books and stories containing Vanara or Vānara. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Chapter I - Origin of the Rākṣasavaṃśa and Vānaravaṃśa < [Book VII - Jain Ramayana (Rāmāyaṇa)]
Introduction to volume 4 < [Introductions]
Part 5: Search for Sītā < [Chapter VI - Bringing news of Sītā]
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
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