Brihadratha, Bṛhadratha, Brihat-ratha: 12 definitions
Brihadratha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Bṛhadratha can be transliterated into English as Brhadratha or Brihadratha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
1) Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ):—Son of Devarata (son of Suketu). He had a son named Mahāvīrya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.15)
2) Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ):—One of the sons of Uparicara Vasu (son of Kṛtī, who was the son of Cyavana). He was the leader amongs the other sons of Vasu. He had son named Kuśāgra. He had another son called Jarāsandha, through the womb of another wife. This son was originally split into two halves, but joined together by the Rakṣasi Jarā. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.6-8)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ).—A king. He went to the forest to lead a life of retirement after having installed his eldest son on the throne. He began to do penance in the forest for the attainment of heaven. One day the hermit Śākāyanya appeared before him and told him that he might ask any boon. Accordingly the king said, "Tell me, what eternal Truth is and give me Spiritual knowledge". The hermit complied with his request. (Maitrī Upaniṣad).
2) Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ).—A king of the Aṅga family. It is stated in Agnipurāṇa, chapter 277 that he was the son of Jayadratha and that Viśvajit was the son of Bṛhadratha. The Lamsuras, a forest tribe of the mountain of Gṛddhrakūṭa, saved this King from the attempt of extermination of the Kṣatriyas by Paraśurāma. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 49; Droṇa Parva, Chapters 57 and 62).
3) Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ).—A king of the Puru dynasty. This Bṛhadratha was one of the seven sons of Girikā. Kuśa, Yadu, Pratyagra, Bala, Matsyakāla and Vīra were the brothers of Bṛhadratha. A son named Kuśāgra was born to Bṛhadratha. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 275).
4) Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ).—Son of Uparicara, the king of Cedi. Uparicara made his son Bṛhadratha, king of Magadha. In course of time he became a powerful emperor. This Bṛhadratha was a mighty warrior-king with an army of three akṣauhiṇīs (an akṣauhiṇi is a complete army consisting of 21870 horses and 109350 infantry). Though he had married two daughters of the King of Kāśi he was childless. The sorrowful king went with his wives to a hermit named Caṇḍakauśika and pleased him by giving him precious stones. The King told the hermit about his sorrow due to lack of children. The hermit gave them a mango fruit and said that the King should enthrone the son who would be born by eating the mango, and return to the forest for penance. The hermit gave eight boons for the son who was to be born.
The King and his wives returned to the palace and divided the mango fruit into two and both of his wives ate the fruit and became pregnant. Each of them gave birth to half of a child. The lifeless forms of these half children were thrown out. A giantess called Jarā put them together and instantly the pieces joined together and became a living child. The giantess took that child and made a present of it to the King. That child grew up and was known by the famous name Jarāsandha. From that time onwards Giantess-worship began in Magadha. When Jarāsandha came of age the King anointed him as King and went to the hermitage of Caṇḍakauśika with his wives and began to do penance. After coming to the forest Bṛhadratha killed a giant named Ṛṣabha and with his hide made three Big drums and placed them in the city. The sound of one beat on the drum will last for a month. When Bhīma, Arjuna and Śrī Kṛṣṇa came to Magadha to kill Jarāsandha they broke these drums. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, 53; Sabhā Parva, Chapters 17, 19 and 21).
5) Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ).—A king who lived in a portion of an asura named Śūkṣma. This king was present at Pāñcālī svayambara (marriage of Pāñcāli). (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 185).
6) Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ).—An Agni (fire). As this Agni is the son of Vasiṣṭha he has got the name Vasiṣṭha also. A son named Praṇīti was born to this Agni. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 220).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ).—A son of Devarāta and father of Mahāvīrya.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 15.
1b) A son of Pṛthulākṣa and father of Bṛhanmanas.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 11.
1c) (the Maurya) son of Śatadhanvan; ruled for seven (seventy, Matsya-purāṇa) years; killed by his commander Puṣpamitra.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 15 and ; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 148-150; Matsya-purāṇa 272. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 337; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 31.
1d) The Magadha king of the Jarāsandha line and of Sahadeva family; twenty-two kings of the line ruled for 1000 years; succeeded by Vīrahantas.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 107-21.
1e) A son of Jayadratha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 101.
1f) A son of Bṛhatputra and father of Satyakarma.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 107.
1g) A son of Sambhava.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 31.
1h) A son of Tigma, and father of Vasudāsa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 85; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 13.
1i) Killed Jarāsandha; got the divine chariot of Rudra from Indra.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 27; 99. 294.
1j) A son of Bṛhadkarma and Yasodevī.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 110, 171.
1l) The kings of Magadha with Girivraja as capital; 32 in number, and ruled altogether for 1000 years; these are Somādhi, Śrutaśrava, Apratīpi, Niramitra, Surakṣa, Bṛhatkarma, Senājit, Samprayāta, Śrutamjaya, Vibhu, Śuci, Kṣema, Anuvrata, Sunetra, Nirvṛti, Trinetra, Dyumatsena. Mahīnetra, Acala and Ripuñjaya; Pulaka killed this king and installed his son, Bālaka on the throne.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 17, 29-30; 272. 1.
Brhadratha (ब्र्हद्रथ).—A son of Timi and father of Sudāsa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 43.
Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.57.29, I.57, I.63.29, I.177.19) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bṛhadratha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Brihadratha (बृहद्रथ): Commander of three regiments reigned over Magadha and attained celebrity as a great hero, married the twin daughters of the Raja of Kasi. His two wives ate each half of a mango given by sage Kausika and begot half a child each. A Rakshasi recovered the two portions from a dustbin wherein they were thrown and when they accidentally came together, they became a chubby baby, which she presented to the king, saying it was his child, which later became known as Jarasandha.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
According to Puranas, the Brihadratha dynasty reigned for 1000 years, Pradyota dynasty reigned for 138 years and Sisunagas reigned for 360 or 362 years. Thus, Brihadrathas, Pradyotas and Sisunagas reigned for ~1500 years.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) an epithet of Indra.
2) Name of a king, father of Jarāsandha.
Derivable forms: bṛhadrathaḥ (बृहद्रथः).
Bṛhadratha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bṛhat and ratha (रथ).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ).—name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 22.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ).—1. [masculine] a great hero.
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Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ).—2. [masculine] a man’s name.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Bṛhadratha (बृहद्रथ):—[=bṛhad-ratha] [from bṛhad > bṛṃh] m. a powerful hero, [Ṛg-veda]
2) [v.s. ...] (bṛhad-) Name of sub voce men, [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] a sacrificial vessel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Mantra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] a part of the Sāma-veda, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) Bṛhadrathā (बृहद्रथा):—[=bṛhad-rathā] [from bṛhad-ratha > bṛhad > bṛṃh] f. Name of a river, [Harivaṃśa]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+55): Kushagra, Jarasandha, Jarasamdha, Vasudaman, Timi, Barhadratha, Sudasa, Pushyamitra, Mahavirya, Shakayanya, Arimjaya, Brihadakshaya, Vasudama, Vasudasa, Sushrama, Sena, Sukshatra, Tigma, Bhuvata, Vedadisha.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Brihadratha, Bṛhadratha, Brhadratha, Brihat-ratha, Bṛhat-ratha, Brhat-ratha, Brihad-ratha, Bṛhad-ratha, Brhad-ratha, Bṛhadrathā, Bṛhad-rathā; (plurals include: Brihadrathas, Bṛhadrathas, Brhadrathas, rathas, Bṛhadrathās, rathās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 22 - The Descendants of Ajamidha < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 13 - The Dynasty of Maharaja Nimi < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 23 - The Dynasties of the Sons of Yayati < [Canto IX - Liberation]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Jarasandhavadha Mahakavyam (by Pankaj L. Jani)
Part 4 - Story of the Jarasandhavadha Mahakavyam < [Critical Introduction]
The Ramayana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)
Chapter 71 - King Janaka gives an account of the succession and his dynasty < [Book 1 - Bala-kanda]