Supta: 9 definitions

Introduction

Supta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Supta (सुप्त, “dreaming”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

According to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8, when dreaming (supta), the gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyelids (puṭa) should be pihita (resting).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Supta (सुप्त, “dreaming”) is caused by determinants (vibhava) such as interruption of sleep, enjoying objects of senses, infatuation [of any kind], spreading the bed on the ground, dragging the bed over the ground and the like. The dreaming which occurs in sleep is to be represented by consequents (anubhāva) such as deep breathing, dullness of the body, closing the eyes, stupefaction of all the senses, dreams and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Supta (सुप्त) refers to a “half-closed/half-opnened bud” (of a flower), as mentioned in a list of ten synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Supta] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

supta (सुप्त).—p S Sleeping, asleep. 2 Numb.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

supta (सुप्त).—a A sleep. Numb.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Supta (सुप्त).—p. p. [svap-kartari kta]

1) Slept, sleeping, asleep; न हि सुप्तस्य सिंहस्य प्रविशन्ति मुखे मृगाः (na hi suptasya siṃhasya praviśanti mukhe mṛgāḥ) H. Pr.36.

2) Paralyzed, benumbed, insensible; see स्वप् (svap).

3) Inactive, dull, latent.

-ptam Sleep, sound sleep.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Supta (सुप्त).—mfn. (-ptaḥ-ptā-pta) 1. Sleeping, asleep. 2. Senseless, numbed. n.

(-ptaṃ) Sleep, deep or sound sleep. E. ṣvap to sleep, kta aff., and the semivowel changed to its congener.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Supta (सुप्त).—[adjective] asleep, insensible, inactive; [neuter] sleep.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Supta (सुप्त):—[=su-pta] [from su > su-pakva] a mfn. ([from] su + ptā; for supta See p.1230) having beaut° braids of hair, [Kādambarī]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a wagtail with a black breast, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) b mfn. ([from] √svap; for su-pta See p. 1228, col. 2) fallen asleep, slept, sleeping, asleep, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

4) lain down to sleep (but not fallen asleep), [Rāmāyaṇa v, 34, 10]

5) paralysed, numbed, insensible (See [compound])

6) closed (as a flower), [Kālidāsa]

7) resting, inactive, dull, latent, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) n. sleep, deep or sound sleep, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

9) [from svap] c See p.1230, [columns] 1, 2.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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